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The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not

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The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2008, 05:30
2
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself
(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself
(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself
(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it
(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them

Spoiler: :: OE
OG Verbal Review 2.0 SC Q:46

ldiom; Grammatical construction

This sentence should depend on the correlative construction not only . . . but also y, where x and y are paraIlel. However, the faulty construction in the original sentence does not properly include the second element, but also, and so produces a sentence fragment. James says that facial expressions have two effects: they provide a sign of emotion and they contribute to emotion. Thus, in this sentence, not only should be followed by (x) provide a visible sign of an emotion, and but also should be followed by (y) actually contribute to the feeling itself.

(A) the not only. . . but also construction is violated, creating a sentence fragment.
(B) But also actually contributing is not parallel to not only provide; because contributing is a participle and not a verb, the result is a sentence fragment.
(C) Correct. The not anly . . . but also construction is parallel, resulting in a complete sentence.
(D) The not only construction needs to be completed with but also and should not be interrupted by a semicolon. The feeling of it is awkward and wordy.
(E) Use of the semicolon in the not only . . . but also construction is not correct; the passive voice is also actually contributed to is awkward and not parallel to provide.

The correct answer is C.
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2008, 07:25
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Not only and But also was good however for elimination of B and keeping C I will give following reason

(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself -> This is not parallel with un-underlined part following not only.
(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself -> This is parallel with un-underlined part following not only.
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2008, 10:10
I agree with abhijit_sen, not only X but also Y + || (not only provide || but also actually contribute)
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Sep 2011, 10:04
Hi,
Please tell me "itself" is referring to which word in the following sentence-

The psychologist William James believed that facial expression not only provide a visible sign of an emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself.

Source- OG VR SC Question 46
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GMAX online test 1____29.07.2011__540_____43________19
MGMAT CAT 1_________03.09.2011__580____42________28
MGMAT CAT 2_________02.10.2011__690____48________36
GMAX online test 2_____16.10.2011__640____48________32
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MGMAT CAT 4_________06.11.2011__690____48________36
MGMAT CAT 5_________13.11.2011__660____46________34
MGMAT CAT 6_________19.11.2011__680____51________33
GMAT PREP2__________23.11.2011__680
GMAT Exam___________24.11.2011__690____50________34

Originally posted by akbism on 24 Sep 2011, 09:16.
Last edited by akbism on 24 Sep 2011, 10:04, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2011, 09:38
akbism wrote:
Hi,
Please tell me "itself" is referring to which word in the following sentence-

The psychologist William James believed that facial expression not only provide a visible sign of an emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself.

Source- QG VR SC Question 46


i would say IT, is used in the 'placeholder' sense here? But I could be wrong... essentially it could be referring to "emotion" ... but it seems that maybe the sentence could be wrong, since it does not actually state an emotion.

Of course if a GMAT instructor has anything to add or clarify, i would be interested as well! lol :)
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2011, 03:03
Is C parallel? Doesn’t the word ‘actually’ intrude into the co-relative conjunction // ism; no doubt C is the only clause resulting in a complete sentence. Or is this what GMAT means by saying that it will give preference to meaning rather than grammar?
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2011, 10:42
daagh wrote:
Is C parallel? Doesn’t the word ‘actually’ intrude into the co-relative conjunction // ism; no doubt C is the only clause resulting in a complete sentence. Or is this what GMAT means by saying that it will give preference to meaning rather than grammar?


As far as I know, an adjective or an adverb can intrude without affecting the parallelism...
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2014, 02:54
The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself - Not only...But also is correct. 'Contributing' is present participle and not parallel to verb 'Provide'.
(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself - Contributing' is present participle and not parallel to verb 'Provide'.

(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself - Correct
(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it - Semicolon is wrong as it makes both sentences ICs. 'But also' is required. It is ambiguous.
(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them - Semicolon is wrong as it makes both sentences ICs. 'But also' is required. Them is ambiguous. PAssive construction.

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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2017, 17:01
The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

Issue: Idiom

Analysis:
1. The correct idiom is "not only X but also Y"
- X and Y should be comparable objects i.e. noun, verb or clause
- X and Y should have similar connotation and can not be opposites


(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself
- Unidiomatic
- Not parallel


(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself
- Not parallel

(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself

(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it
- Unidiomatic

(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them
- Unidiomatic

Answer: (C)
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 10:00
in this question we know that contributing is a participle,
but how do participles differ from verb?
Is there a way we can point out that this is a participle and not a verb?
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 10:26
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cubs wrote:
in this question we know that contributing is a participle,
but how do participles differ from verb?
Is there a way we can point out that this is a participle and not a verb?



Hello cubs,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

Always remember that just a verb-ing word that is NOT preceded by any helping verb such as is/are/am/was/were etc. can NEVER act as a verb.

The reason is very simple. Verbs have three basic properties:

i. Tense - Past, Present, or Future
ii. Number - Singular or Plural
iii. Voice - Active or Passive

If I ask you to take a good look at the word contributing, will you be able to tell me the tense, the number or the voice of this word? I am sure not.

Now look at the following simple sentences:

1. She was preparing dinner when I visited her last night.

2. They are going to the rock concert.

Now if I ask you the same question about the above-mentioned example sentence, then you will surly be able to answer.

In sentence 1. was preparing is a past continuous/progressive tense verb that is singular in number. The verb is in active voice.

Similarly, in sentence 2, are going is a plural verb in present continuous/progressive tense. This again is an active voice verb.

Takeaway: A verb-ing word can NEVER act as a verb on its own unless preceded by a helping verb.


Hope this helps. :-)
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2018, 07:29
(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself
(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself
(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself
(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it
(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2018, 07:29
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