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# A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a

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VP
Joined: 06 Jun 2004
Posts: 1000
Location: CA
A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 03 Apr 2015, 03:30
4
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:38) correct 42% (02:49) wrong based on 179 sessions

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A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a rectangular formation with s rows of exactly t musicians each. There can be no less than 8 musicians per row and no more than 30 musicians per row. How many different rectangular formations are possible?

A. 3
B. 4
C. 5
D. 6
E. 8

Originally posted by TeHCM on 20 Nov 2005, 20:36.
Last edited by Bunuel on 03 Apr 2015, 03:30, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question and added the OA.
SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1782
Re: A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a  [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2005, 20:57
TeHCM wrote:
A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a rectangular formation with s rows of exactly t musicians each. There can be no less than 8 musicians per row and no more than 30 musicians per row. How many different rectangular formations are possible?

(1) 3
(2) 4
(3) 5
(4) 6
(5) 8

8<=t<=30 and t must be a factor of 240. There're 8 possible values of t: 8,10,12,15,16,20,24,30 ---> 8 possible rectangular formations.
SVP
Joined: 05 Apr 2005
Posts: 1599
Re: A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a  [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2005, 21:15
TeHCM wrote:
A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a rectangular formation with s rows of exactly t musicians each. There can be no less than 8 musicians per row and no more than 30 musicians per row. How many different rectangular formations are possible?

(1) 3
(2) 4
(3) 5
(4) 6
(5) 8

find the exact multiple of integers greater than 8 but smaller than 30.
240 = 8x30
240 = 10x24
240 = 12x20
240 = 15x16
240 = just revers the above multiples ony by one = 16x15
240 = 20x12
240 = 24x10
240 = 30x8

altogather 8.
Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Apr 2005
Posts: 398
Location: India, Chennai
Re: A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a  [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2005, 00:38
The combinations could be {(1,240),(2,120),(3,80),(4,60),(5,48),(6,40),(8,30),(10,24),(12,20),)15,16),(16,15),(20,12),(24,10),(30,8),(40,6),(48,5),(60,4),(80,3),(120,2),(240,1)}
Of these we are told 8<=t<=30 So we can remove these pairs, and we are left only with.
{(8,30,(10,24),(12,20),(15,16),(16,15),(20,12),(24,10),(30,8)}
Hence 8.
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Joined: 28 May 2005
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Location: Dhaka
Re: A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a  [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2005, 10:14
yup got 8 as well

8*30, 10*24, 12*20, 15*16 and viec versa.

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Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 4949
Re: A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2005, 05:22
krisrini wrote:
The combinations could be {(1,240),(2,120),(3,80),(4,60),(5,48),(6,40),(8,30),(10,24),(12,20),)15,16),(16,15),(20,12),(24,10),(30,8),(40,6),(48,5),(60,4),(80,3),(120,2),(240,1)}
Of these we are told 8<=t<=30 So we can remove these pairs, and we are left only with.
{(8,30,(10,24),(12,20),(15,16),(16,15),(20,12),(24,10),(30,8)}
Hence 8.

Kristrini> you get an A+ for the extra effort!

Agreed that the total # combinations are 8: (8X30) (10X24) (12X20) (15X16) and their four inverses.
Manager
Joined: 10 Feb 2015
Posts: 104
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V38
Re: A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2015, 05:03
I also did factor approach and got right.

However, OA also writes this :-

Straightforward Math is the best route to take to solve this question. Since s × t must equal 240, s and t must be factors of 240. Find the prime factors that make up 240:

240 = 2×2×2×2×3×5.

Now find the combinations of these factors that give you s × t = 240, where 8≤t ≤30: 8×30, 10×24, 12×20, 15×16, 16×15, 20×12, 24×10 and 30×8, a total of 8 combinations.

Note: if you are still wondering how we found these factors using the prime factors, think about it this way. 8×30 = (2×2×2) × (2×3×5). 10×24 = (2×5) × (2×2×2×3). Thus, all of these combinations use all six prime factors. It's just a matter of how you can arrange them.

SO, can it be done via some permutation and combination approach. I need to select some or none from all these factors I guess. Any clue ?
Intern
Joined: 31 Oct 2015
Posts: 32
Re: A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2016, 17:32
Here's another approach to solving this:
Attachments

SmartSelectImage_2016-01-17-20-30-13.png.png [ 569.75 KiB | Viewed 2542 times ]

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8888
Location: Pune, India
Re: A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2016, 20:19
rukna wrote:
I also did factor approach and got right.

However, OA also writes this :-

Straightforward Math is the best route to take to solve this question. Since s × t must equal 240, s and t must be factors of 240. Find the prime factors that make up 240:

240 = 2×2×2×2×3×5.

Now find the combinations of these factors that give you s × t = 240, where 8≤t ≤30: 8×30, 10×24, 12×20, 15×16, 16×15, 20×12, 24×10 and 30×8, a total of 8 combinations.

Note: if you are still wondering how we found these factors using the prime factors, think about it this way. 8×30 = (2×2×2) × (2×3×5). 10×24 = (2×5) × (2×2×2×3). Thus, all of these combinations use all six prime factors. It's just a matter of how you can arrange them.

SO, can it be done via some permutation and combination approach. I need to select some or none from all these factors I guess. Any clue ?

They use the terms "combinations" and "arrange" in a very generic manner. You cannot use any permutation and combination formulas as such. Since t has to be between 8 and 30, some brute force will be required.
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Re: A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a  [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2017, 14:47
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Re: A marching band of 240 musicians are to march in a   [#permalink] 22 Dec 2017, 14:47
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