GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Oct 2018, 11:43

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1163
According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 14 Sep 2018, 20:57
8
55
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

70% (00:59) correct 30% (01:05) wrong based on 1239 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 260
Page: 694

According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years

(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate

(C) to what would be the lowest in two years

(D) to a two-year low level

(E) to the lowest level in two years

Surprisingly, Britain is one the OECD’s worst performers over the past decade. At 4%, its unemployment rate is at its lowest level since 1975.

In July Britain's unemployment rate fell for the 13th straight month, to 5.5%, the lowest level since April 1990.

Can someone explain why (D) is incorrect. I have come across sentences that said inflation hit to a two-year low level and so confused as to why (D) is incorrect.

Originally posted by seekmba on 10 Mar 2010, 07:59.
Last edited by hazelnut on 14 Sep 2018, 20:57, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
Economist GMAT Tutor Discount CodesVeritas Prep GMAT Discount CodesMagoosh Discount Codes
Most Helpful Community Reply
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 335
Location: San Francisco
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Mar 2010, 00:20
17
5
Hey All,

Bakfed pretty much nailed this one on the head. It's just not idiomatic. To be more specific:


(D) to a two-year low level

There are two ways we could read this.

#1: "low level" is meant to be read as one thing, and two-year is modifying it (as in "It was a lovely barn dance", in which "lovely" is modifying the compound noun "barn dance). This doesn't make any sense, however, because there's no such thing as a "low level".

#2: "Two-year" is an adverb modifying the main adjective "low", which is describing "level" (as in "It was a dark green sweater", in which dark is modifying green, which is modifying sweater). This doesn't make any sense either, however, because there's no such thing as a level that is "two-year low".

Hope that helps a bit!

-t
_________________


Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

General Discussion
Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: Darden Class of 2013
Joined: 28 Jul 2009
Posts: 1810
Schools: University of Virginia
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Mar 2010, 14:08
1
i can't really gasp why (D) is wrong, besides the unidiomatic way of saying this sentence.

I would choose (E) over (D) and this is simply because (D) just sounds wrong and ambiguous.
_________________

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 13 Dec 2009
Posts: 229
Reviews Badge
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 May 2010, 00:27
2
1
TommyWallach wrote:
(D) to a two-year low level

There are two ways we could read this.

#1: "low level" is meant to be read as one thing, and two-year is modifying it (as in "It was a lovely barn dance", in which "lovely" is modifying the compound noun "barn dance). This doesn't make any sense, however, because there's no such thing as a "low level".

#2: "Two-year" is an adverb modifying the main adjective "low", which is describing "level" (as in "It was a dark green sweater", in which dark is modifying green, which is modifying sweater). This doesn't make any sense either, however, because there's no such thing as a level that is "two-year low".


Tommy, is the following construction correct? I've removed the word 'level' from choice D.

According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment to a two-year low suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.
_________________

My debrief: done-and-dusted-730-q49-v40

Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 335
Location: San Francisco
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 May 2010, 10:26
2
Hey Sidhu,

Yes, as far as I can see, your suggest construction would be correct.

-tommy
_________________


Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Mar 2010
Posts: 15
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 May 2010, 11:06
Thanks for the explanation Tommy.

Yes IMO also its E.

two year low level, is not as clear as "the lowest level in two years"

-SS
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 31 Oct 2011
Posts: 242
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2012, 16:19
In the explanation of the OG,
"decrease" is used as a noun and cannot gramatically be modified by the adverbial "so that".

Then, what does "so that" modift gramatically? verb, adjective, or adverb??
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 Jun 2011
Posts: 130
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2012, 05:22
eybrj2 wrote:
In the explanation of the OG,
"decrease" is used as a noun and cannot gramatically be modified by the adverbial "so that".

Then, what does "so that" modift gramatically? verb, adjective, or adverb??


'so that' is wrong here - not the apt usage
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Oct 2012
Posts: 14
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jan 2013, 21:11
1
According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years

Hi! I would like to clarify pronoun antecedent. It seems that as sentences become more difficult, pronoun antecedent eligbility becomes less clear-cut. I have read in some places that an antecedent cannot be an object of a preposition but elsewhere it says this is possible. Would anyone be able to help clarify please?

Thanks!

For example, for above, the OG says "it" is ambiguous because it can refer to either decrease or unemployment. I can see that if "it" refers to decrease, the sentence won't make sense. However, the OA does not say it's a wrong antecedent but an ambiguous one. Unemployment is part of a prep phrase. In OG13, the OA says that objects of prepositions can't be antecedents for pronouns?

Q: Fossils of the arm of a sloth found in Puerto Rico in 1991, and dated at 34 million years old, made it the earliest known mammal of the Greater Antilles islands.
OA: "Because sloth is the object of a preposition and not the subject of the sentence, there is no reasonable antecedent for "it"
Edit: by carcass
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 11 Jan 2013
Posts: 16
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jan 2013, 21:33
Hi,

An object of a preposition can be a pronoun antecedent if the prepositional phrase is post-modifying the head noun.

Consider the following example of a noun phrase in which a prepositional phrase is used to post-modify the head noun: "the coat of many colors". The prepositional phrase is "of many colors." The head noun is coat. This head noun is pre-modified by the identifier the. In addition, it is post-modified by the prepositional phrase of many colors. It is a simple matter to determine if this complex structure is functioning as a complete noun phrase, as it is always possible to substitute a pronoun for a whole noun phrase. So, in the utterance the coat of many colors was beautiful a pronoun may be substituted for the noun phrase to produce the modified utterance it was beautiful.

_________________

Susan Feldman, Ph.D.
GMAT AWA & Verbal Tutor
Admission Essay Coach
Peak Performance Test Prep

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 23 Nov 2012
Posts: 32
Location: France
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Schools: Said (D)
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V38
WE: Sales (Investment Banking)
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2013, 12:11
Quote:
According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

The problem here is, that the pronoun "it" refers to "the July decrease in unemployment" which makes no sense. The unemployment should be the lowest in two years. Only D and E solve this problem, but D is unclear. Hence it has to be "E".
_________________

Hodor?

Kudo!

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 Aug 2013
Posts: 14
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Oct 2013, 19:53
2
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 07 Jan 2013
Posts: 29
GMAT 1: 570 Q43 V26
GMAT 2: 610 Q47 V28
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Dec 2013, 16:59
eybrj2 wrote:
50. According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years


Why D is wrong?

I Hope someone can help
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 16 Jan 2013
Posts: 147
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Dec 2013, 19:57
2
kassim wrote:
Why D is wrong?
I Hope someone can help


decrease ... to a two year low would have sufficed.

"level" is additionally/wrongly used in option 'D'
_________________

Read my posts...
What are modifiers ??

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 171
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2014, 00:42
1
eybrj2 wrote:
50. According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years


nice question.

"so that +clause" is a adverb clause of purpose. of course this clause need a main clause. There is no main clause. A and B are gone.

in c, "would be " show the certainty, not a fact. This is wrong. we need to show a fact. C is gone

in D, "two year low" is not idiomatic. This phrase is meaningless.
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Mar 2010
Posts: 292
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2014, 13:32
IMO E.

The Intended Meaning is that the unemployment is at the lowest level in two years.

'decrease in unemployment is the lowest' is actually bad news as unemployment is not going down.

A/B/C talk about the decrease in unemployment

D: 'two year low level' is wrong

E: 'lowest level in two years' is correct usage and also has the right intended meaning.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2013
Posts: 238
Location: India
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2014, 20:16
Between D & E,E seems more appropriate.But exactly why is D wrong?

Posted from my mobile device
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Mar 2010
Posts: 292
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2014, 22:42
Quote:
Between D & E,E seems more appropriate.But exactly why is D wrong?


The level that we are talking about is the lowest level in two years. 'two year low level' is frequently used in colloquial English and that is why it might sound fine to the ear. We have to use the adjective 'lowest'.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 03 Jun 2013
Posts: 23
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Oct 2014, 07:47
hi guys.

i chose B for it which was wrong , but as per my thought process B is the least ambiguous among all of them. Let me know if am wrong.

Quote:
According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years


If we analyse all the options A to E, we can see all the options are talking about "decrease in unemployment".

If i go for the meaning of the sentence , its trying to say that because rate of unemployment was lowest in july that's why economists think job market is gradually improving.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years - incorrect : it refers to decrease not rate of decrease and if it was lowest in 2 years that actually means there has been no change in job market, thus it is wrong
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate-correct - only this option talks about rate instead of just decrease, which is in sync with the meaning of the sentence
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years -incorrect - like option A its also talking about decrease
(D) to a two-year low level-incorrect - like option A its also talking about decrease
(E) to the lowest level in two years-incorrect - like option A its also talking about decrease

Any thoughts ??
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 193
Location: India
GMAT 1: 570 Q50 V19
GMAT 2: 650 Q49 V28
GMAT 3: 690 Q50 V34
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Dec 2014, 19:41
Consider the case

1)"stone wall"
2)"wall of stone"

In 1) stone is an adjective modifying wall. We can read "stone wall" as a single noun or only "wall, which has an adjective stone. GMAT consider such constructions ambiguous.
in 2) stone is an object of preposition.

GMAT has preference to convert adjective to object of preposition.

AKG1593 wrote:
Between D & E,E seems more appropriate.But exactly why is D wrong?

Posted from my mobile device

_________________

Middle of nowhere!

GMAT Club Bot
Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so &nbs [#permalink] 23 Dec 2014, 19:41

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 33 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.