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As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time

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As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Apr 2018, 06:42
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 188
Page: 682

As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.

(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died

Originally posted by sidbidus on 01 Jul 2007, 03:40.
Last edited by hazelnut on 24 Apr 2018, 06:42, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2007, 12:21
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eyunni wrote:

Would re-framing the choice D to:
who, in childhood, might have at one time died

make it a probable choice?


No, you still need // sentences as in B:
who might once have died in childhood...now live well into old age.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2009, 08:22
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scthakur wrote:
As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died

Please explain why you rejected an option.


A,C -out "that" is not appropriate here.

at one time (wordy) = once (concise)
D,E are out.

D,E also distorts the meaning.
as ritula explained.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2011, 18:12
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(A) Wrong : Children – old age are not parallel
(B) Correct : childhood and old age are parallel
(C) Wrong : same reason as in A
(D) Wrong : one time died is wrong [people wont die multiple times]
(E) Wrong : same reason as in A
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2012, 10:25
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shikhar wrote:
121. As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died


I am confused between B and D

B sounds very incorrect to me
"Who might once have died in childhood"
here once sounds to be emphasizing once, twice, thrice thing ....
at one time sounds better in such a situation what do you say guys



These are types of questions the GMAT is moving more towards - one of meaning. Usually you'll be down to 2 answer choices - here B and D and the difference may come to a small technicality or in meaning.

With D - the "one time" if you read closely refers to one time during the childhood period.
For B - the "once" refers to one time in history, something may have happened in a person's childhood.

There is a slight nuance here that is significant. With D, it's a time during the childhood where something happened - death. Now it doesn't make sense here because if there was death, then there was no stage after childhood.

If the sentence said - many people who in childhood might have at one time gotten chicken pox - it would be valid. However, we are using death instead and it just doesn't make sense in this context.

B doesn't have this confusion. One may have died in childhood...when? At one time or moment in history. He is not dying at one time IN his childhood. He is dying as a child at one time IN the timeline of history.

More GMAT questions will be of this type going forward.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2012, 00:35
like the previous post said who vs. that narrows it down to B and D.
Between B and D is a classic meaning debate but the difference is pretty clear!

In analyzing B and D, I deleted some words to emphasize the focus.

(B) who might once have died
In B, focus on died. So, sounds correct. Once refers to some point in time.

(D) who might have at one time died
In D, focus is on "at one time died". At one time is ambiguous. Why? Because it could either mean "a particular time" so he couldn't have died twice or at two different times or it could mean at once upon a time as in B.

The other aspect is that once is more concise than at one time.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2012, 22:34
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Ankit04041987 wrote:
As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died


What is the question for you with this sentence. You should follow the meaning of this sentence which states that many people might died in childhood. Not as children.

Choice (A) makes the meaning as the people might died in the same way as the children died.Wrong.
Choice (C) has the same meaning as choice (A)
Choice (D) means that the people died in their childhood one times. Now they're still alive => Do they reborn, don't they? => Ridiculous.
Choice (E) makes the meaning between the comma becomes unessential and unnecessary. If we omit that clause, the sentence will be go in the unintended meaning.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2012, 00:59
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Might have died one time is not the same as might have died once. Here the one time belong to the category of arithmetical count one-time, two times etc. After all, of us die only one time. Therefore, that is not the intention of the sentence.

Might have died once - means -might have died once upon a time - ;
Hence let us drop all the one –time might have died options, retaining only B and C. between B and C, that cannot be used for human beings; Hence, C is gone. This leaves B as the option.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2012, 07:21
The key difference is between (B) and (D), and is one of meaning.

(D) suggests that people may have actually died at one time. This is nonsensical. One can only die once.

(B) avoids this error with 'might once have died...'.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2013, 07:37
(A) wrong: Use of that is wrong
(B) correct: concise and conveys the intended meaning
(C) wrong: same as A
(D) wrong: modifier problem - incorrect placement of "childhood" which is supposed to modify "died"
(E) wrong: Too wordy
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New post 06 May 2015, 19:33
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ChrisLele wrote:
The key difference is between (B) and (D), and is one of meaning.

(D) suggests that people may have actually died at one time. This is nonsensical. One can only die once.

(B) avoids this error with 'might once have died...'.


If it were died one time , then your explanation of option (D) would have been correct.
BUT, died AT one time , technically means same as died once upon a time.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2016, 00:51
gmat dose not accept "that" refering to person in relative clause. but this point is not tested on question in recent og books. this question is from very old og book, which , it seems, is og 10
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 15:36
GMATNinja, Could you help to explain why (D) is incorrect here?
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New post 30 Nov 2017, 15:53
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hazelnut wrote:
GMATNinja, Could you help to explain why (D) is incorrect here?




Hello hazelnut,


I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)


Choice D is incorrect for the usage of the phrase one time in childhood. This expression seems to suggest that the many people night have died one time in the childhood as if they could actually die many times.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 16:01
egmat wrote:
hazelnut wrote:
GMATNinja, Could you help to explain why (D) is incorrect here?


Hello hazelnut,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

Choice D is incorrect for the usage of the phrase one time in childhood. This expression seems to suggest that the many people night have died one time in the childhood as if they could actually die many times.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi egmat, Thank you for replying. However, upon looking up at Cambridge Dictionary, "at one time" = in the past.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2017, 20:13
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I think egmat was correct in this case, hazelnut, but the issue is more with the placement of the phrase "at one time", and not really with the difference between "once" and "at one time."

I'm not sure if this little exercise will help, but let's see what happens if we swap "once" and "at one time", but keep the placement the same as before. So which of these two would you prefer?

    (B)...many people who might at one time have died as children... now live well into old age.
    (D) ... many people who in childhood might have at one time died... now live well into old age.

And what about now?

    (B)...many people who might once have died as children... now live well into old age.
    (D) ... many people who in childhood might have once died... now live well into old age.

And here's the actual answer choices again:

    (B)...many people who might once have died as children... now live well into old age.
    (D) ... many people who in childhood might have at one time died... now live well into old age.

The problem is that in (D), "at one time" seems to be modifying "died" -- and as Shraddha pointed out, that doesn't make a lot of sense. If we think about what that's saying strictly and literally, it seems to imply that the people died once in childhood, but then kept living -- or least that's what it seems to be saying. In (B), "once" modifies "might have" -- suggesting that it's possible in the past that they could have died before modern medicine became more awesome.

It's a tricky question to explain! I'm surprised that it's tagged as sub-600 level -- this one is slippery, but I hope that this made some sense.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2017, 04:05
I have a question ,fellow gmat club members.
Does the presence of 'that' make option A incorrect? can people only be modified by using 'who'?
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2017, 19:57
doeadoer wrote:

I have a question ,fellow gmat club members.
Does the presence of 'that' make option A incorrect? can people only be modified by using 'who'?

Really good question. In general, "who" can only modify people, and "that" can modify either people or things. So I definitely wouldn't argue that "that", by itself, makes (A) incorrect.

But I remember answering another question about this somewhere on GMAT Club (massive kudos for anybody who can find that post!), and I think I went through every OG and verbal guide edition I have, and I couldn't find a case in which "that" was actually used to modify a person in a correct answer. I also couldn't find any official GMAT questions in which the choice between "who" and "that" was a meaningful issue.

So I think "that" is probably acceptable to modify people on the GMAT, just like it is in "real world" English. And I don't think that the GMAT cares about the distinction, one way or another.

I hope this helps!
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2018, 11:48
since this question is from an old version of OG, this question probably is no longer available in the new version of OG.

(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died -> wrong grammar and wordy

stuck with B and D, I think "in childhood" should modify "died". Otherwise, the meaning is changed.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2018, 10:15
aaba wrote:
since this question is from an old version of OG, this question probably is no longer available in the new version of OG.

(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died -> wrong grammar and wordy

stuck with B and D, I think "in childhood" should modify "died". Otherwise, the meaning is changed.

Answer is B, GMAT always prefers to use words like once,twice,thrice rather than one time etc.

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time &nbs [#permalink] 09 Mar 2018, 10:15

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