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As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2018, 23:00
As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.

(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died

This is a great question and I see why B is the best option, but I'm not clear on WHY.

My questions:

1. Choice B seems wrong because "once" is redundant. The sentence makes more sense as such--

"As a result of [medicine], many people who might have died in childhood[] now live well into old age."

This is why I was quick to eliminate B.

2. This sentence makes sense: "As a result of [medicine], many people who in childhood might have died now live [into] old age."

Here the placement of "in childhood" does not seem to be the problem, except that option D is wordier by awkwardly placing "at one time".

3. Aside from being wordy, does E have any errors?

GMATNinja, hoping to hear your thoughts on this.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 14:34
Quote:
1. Choice B seems wrong because "once" is redundant. The sentence makes more sense as such--

"As a result of [medicine], many people who might have died in childhood[] now live well into old age."

This is why I was quick to eliminate B.

Here's the essence of the sentence: the type of people who used to die during childhood, now survive to be adults because those diseases are now preventable or curable. (Maybe it's because I'm a dad now, but it's amazing how grim GMAT sentences are sometimes.)

"Once" is playing the same role as "in the past" - communicating that a state of affairs used to be the case, but isn't any longer. Do we need "once?" I guess you could debate it. But it basically means the same thing as "at one time." Every answer choice contains either "once" or "at one time," so there's no reason to waste our time worrying about it.

Quote:
Here the placement of "in childhood" does not seem to be the problem, except that option D is wordier by awkwardly placing "at one time".

In (D), we have: "who in childhood might have at one time died." If we read this strictly and literally, it's hard to make any sense of the meaning. In childhood, they may have died at one time, as opposed to having died at another time in childhood? Or: they may have at one time died, but now at one time do something other than die? Huh?

So I guess I would argue that the meaning is warped in (D), and that's a worse crime than wordiness or awkwardness.

Quote:
3. Aside from being wordy, does E have any errors?

In (E), we've got: "...who, when they were children, might at one time have died."

If we read this strictly and literally, it seems to be saying this: when they were children they might have died, but now that they're not children... they won't die?

Notice that in both (D) and (E), moving the modifier "at one time" creates strange meanings.

So (B) is easily the most logical and most concise option. But the topic is still pretty darned grim. :|

I hope this helps!
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As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 21:08
Hi
GMATNinja, mike

I am still confused with "might have once died" and "might have at one time died" in the answer choices.
Is it not true that usage of "might" itself suggests that the occurrence is highly unlikely? If that is the case, then "might have once died" and "might have at one time died" both indicate events that were highly unlikely to occur.

Also, is "at one time" not equivalent to "once" ?

" many people who might at one time".

I can understand that "many people who might ONE TIME have died" is correct, because dying "one time" is nonsensical. But I cannot understand how dying AT ONE TIME is incorrect?


Please help!
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2018, 11:40
manusingh wrote:
Hi
GMATNinja, mike

I am still confused with "might have once died" and "might have at one time died" in the answer choices.
Is it not true that usage of "might" itself suggests that the occurrence is highly unlikely? If that is the case, then "might have once died" and "might have at one time died" both indicate events that were highly unlikely to occur.

"Might" just means that something is possible. If I say "it might rain today" or "I might eat eight burritos for dinner", I'm just saying that those things COULD happen. It definitely doesn't mean that they're "highly unlikely."

And it's a non-issue, anyway: "might" appears in all five answer choices, so it's not really relevant to figuring out which answer is correct.

manusingh wrote:
Also, is "at one time" not equivalent to "once" ?

" many people who might at one time".

I can understand that "many people who might ONE TIME have died" is correct, because dying "one time" is nonsensical. But I cannot understand how dying AT ONE TIME is incorrect?

Yes, "at one time" and "once" basically mean the same thing, as discussed in my post above. (Though I think you might be confusing "one time" and "at one time"?) If it helps, think of "at one time" as meaning "in a previous era."
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time &nbs [#permalink] 01 Jul 2018, 11:40

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