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# As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane w

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As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane w  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2015, 11:27
1
17
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (01:24) correct 53% (01:37) wrong based on 374 sessions

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As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane was unable to understand the cause for his hysteria over the phone, so she dropped everything at work and drove home.

A. As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane

B. Because John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane

C. John was hysterical to such a large degree that he could not articulate well and Jane

D. As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well, Jane

E. John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane, who

mikemcgarry, only you can help here

Here's the official explanation:
This answer choice corrects the original Double Conjunction mistake, by omitting the connector and adding a comma before the word Jane. As a result of this change to the punctuation and sentence structure, the conjunction so (outside the underlined section) is no longer a redundant conjunction: it now is given a new function.

In the original sentence, the conjunctions as and so were redundant - because they were used together to indicate the same relationship of cause and effect.

Incorrect: [Cause]: As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane was unable to understand the cause for his hysteria over the phone, [Effect]: so she dropped everything at work and drove home.

For the sentence to be correct, only ONE conjunction is needed, either as or so. But there are also other ways to correct the sentence: notice that corrected sentence doesn't simply get rid of one conjunction - it in fact keeps both conjunctions, making the change harder to see. Nevertheless, by changing the sentence structure, it changes the role of the conjunctions without changing the overall meaning of the sentence:

Correct: [Cause] As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well, [Effect] Jane was unable to understand the cause for his hysteria over the phone, [Result] so she dropped everything at work and drove home.

In the corrected sentence, the cause and effect relationship is expressed with the use of the conjunction as alone - eliminating the redundancy. The conjunction so has a new role: it now introduces the sentence's final clause (so she dropped everything at work and drove home) - as a consequence of the previous actions.

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Re: As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane w  [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2018, 10:23
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3
Mike is among the best in business but I can have a shot at this one

Here, the problem is that as and because introduce sub-ordinate clauses. Subordinate clauses always need main clauses.

Point # 1: Although and Because don't take "so". You would never say Although X is good, so X is not good enough. Instead, you would say Although X is good, he/she/it is not good enough.
That's the first problem with A & B. It would lead to what is called a "run-on" sentence.
Point # 2: If you notice Jane wasn't unable to understand John clearly because he couldn't articulate well. Well, what does that say about the nature of this statement. That there is an element of "causality" here. "and" doesn't do justice to express causal behaviour. It puts both the subjects at the same level. This problem plagues A, B, C & E.
Point # 3:such a large degree is a very wordy way to say "so hysterical". So, "C" earns some more negative points.
Point # 4: D captures the causal nature well and in such a way as to allow the sentence to be completed by so

Hence D. Hope that makes sense.
##### General Discussion
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Joined: 30 Jan 2018
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Re: As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane w  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2018, 06:37
I chose 'B'. Would request an OE for each of the option. Thanks!
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Re: As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane w  [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2019, 02:44
A and B are out, since they are both run-ons.

The use of “and” in C and E is what disqualifies them. The first thing mentioned here is the cause of the second thing. This means that “and” is not appropriate, as it does not denote a causal relationship.
Re: As John was so hysterical that he could not articulate well and Jane w   [#permalink] 28 Feb 2019, 02:44
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