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As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland

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As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2018, 14:40
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A
B
C
D
E

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GST Week 4 Day 4 Economist GMAT Tutor Question 4


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As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

A. are most likely to benefit from

B. is most likely to benefit from

C. are likely to benefit from

D. is likely to benefit from

E. are most likely to benefit

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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2018, 19:58
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8
Correct Answer - A
A. are most likely to benefit from

Rules with "one of "-
1. ONE OF THE "NOUN"(WILL ALWAYS BE PLURAL) + THAT/WHO+PLURAL VERB.
2. ONE OF THE "NOUN"(WILL ALWAYS BE PLURAL) + SINGULAR VERB
Exception 1-A (COLLECTIVE NOUN) of Noun(plural) that/who-->ALWAYS SINGULAR
Exception 2-i) THE only one of....that/who-->Always singular
ii) Only one of ........that/who-->Always plural

As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

one of the places(Plural) + that/who + plural verb(are)

In option C, most is missing.
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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2018, 19:38
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As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

A. are most likely to benefit from

B. is most likely to benefit from

C. are likely to benefit from

D. is likely to benefit from

E. are most likely to benefit

places that are most likely to benefit from . PLACES is plural. Verb - are should be used. Eliminate B & D.

E doesn't make sense when we are trying to say places that are most likely to benefit global warming. This alters the meaning. Eliminate E.

A & C have only one change. "most" is missing in C.

Not sure what is the best way to eliminate C.

I don'e see any issue with A. I will go with A.
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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2018, 19:46
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Concept Tested : SV 3/2 Splits are/is

that refers to places hence are is correct, Eliminate B & C

In E there is no from, which changes the meaning.

In C likely is definite, but actually, we need probability

Hence A
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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2018, 20:02
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Quote:

As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

A. are most likely to benefit from

B. is most likely to benefit from

C. are likely to benefit from

D. is likely to benefit from

E. are most likely to benefit


____________________________________________________________

This question presents with a few concrete decision points:

1) are vs is
2) benefit vs benefit from
3) likely vs most likely

The most obvious place to start is the difference between "is" and "are". The whole clause after "that" modifies the noun "places", which stands in plural form.
So we go with "are". Good bye options B and C.

The option E is also quite easy to detect as a wrong one. Definitely, there are contries who are going to benefit from the global warming, not vice versa. E is out.

Now we left with the two options -A vs C- with a subtle difference likely vs most likely. This is the case when logic is your best friend.
If we go with an option "most likely", that means that we suppose that some contries will benefit from the global warming more than the other contries will.
What helps us to understand that it is not the initial meaning of the sentence is the modifier, "As surprising as it may seem", in the beginning of the sentence. We are not surprised that the Iceland will benefit from the global warming MORE than other contries, since we have no clue which country is going to benefit from the global warming at whole. But rather we could be surprised that Iceland will benefit instead of suffer from the global warming, since Iceland is an island, surrrounded by the ocean, and even small rise of the sea level can bring a damage to this country. So, to implement this meaning, "likely" works just fine, and we can safely eliminate option A.

Answer C.
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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2018, 21:39
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GST Week 4 Day 4 Economist GMAT Tutor Question 4


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As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

A. are most likely to benefit from

B. is most likely to benefit from

C. are likely to benefit from

D. is likely to benefit from

E. are most likely to benefit


This question is a gem in that it clearly lays emphasis on logic than on Grammar.
There is a clear split in the answer options: A,C & E start with 'are' and 'B' and 'D' start with 'is', as it should be abundantly clear that 'that' refers to plural 'places' and hence requires 'are' instead of an 'is'. This knocks off options 'B' and 'D'.
Now we are left with A, C and E, 'E' is clearly out as it conveys nonsensical meaning. As per 'E' 'Global warming' will benefit from many places and of those many places 'Iceland' will most likely benefit global warming. 'E' goes out.
Now the game begins, the real challenge is picking the right answer between A and C. Lets look at A first,
the contrast that the author intends to present here is that global warming as is known to the world is associated with devastation but to the author's surprise there are a few countries in the world, Iceland being one of those' that will benefit from global warming. So the contrast here is not the fact that Iceland will most likely benefit from global warming but the fact that global warming which is usually thought of as nuisance for the entire world will benefit some places.
This subtle meaning change knocks 'A' off, making 'C' the correct answer
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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2018, 21:45
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OA : A

As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

A. are most likely to benefit from : Contender
that refers to places and places are plural so usage of "are" is correct


B. is most likely to benefit from : Eliminate
usage of "is" is wrong .


C. are likely to benefit from : Contender
Same as option A, difference is absence of "most" which will be discussed later.


D. is likely to benefit from : Eliminate
Same as option B i.e usage of "is"

E. are most likely to benefit : Eliminate
It is changing the meaning of sentence. it is implying that that Iceland is one of places that will most likely to aid/help global
warming.

Now between A and C,
As Sentence begins with As surprising as it may seem, it means that Global warming majorly will have negative effect.
In remaining cases , Global warming can lead to
[1] No effect (+ve of global warming=-ve of Global warming)
[2] Positive effect (+ve of global warming>-ve of Global warming)
As we do not know for sure what will happens in future, We can predict the most likely event( or high probability event).
Meaning of original sentence is that Iceland is most likely(high probability) to be in [2] category,so most is required in the correct answer.
for that reason OA : A
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New post 04 May 2018, 22:27
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by considering meaning, Iceland is going to be one of the places that will benefit the most from global warming. Okay.
I dont see any issue with given underline.

One of many places + that + plural - fine as given
'Benefit from' phrase is used well


A. are most likely to benefit from : By above-mentioned reasons, let's keep A.

B. is most likely to benefit from : 'Is'(?) No. it could have been right if we would have one of many places is Iceland
but because 'that' is modifying places, we need to use a plural.

C. are likely to benefit from : Only the difference of 'Most'. Correct SV. Let's keep C.

D. is likely to benefit from : Same reasoning as C plus SV error. Out.

E. are most likely to benefit : Most like to benefit global warming (?) no. It's not intended meaning.

A Vs C

IMO C is the answer, as there is no need for 'most' to convey the intended meaning, 'Most' is redundant here
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New post 04 May 2018, 22:51
main subject is Iceland, and we're referring to it...Iceland is singular therefore it will most likely benefit from global warming.

A. are-plural but we're referring to a singular noun-Iceland. if I try to understand it in a simpler sense, chicken meat is one of the foods that is mostly likely to aid in weight loss. chicken meat is one of the foods that are most likely to aid in weight loss is wrong because we're still referring to chicken meat which is singular. therefore eliminated.

C. are likely to benefit from - same issue as in A, eliminated.

D. is likely to benefit from - changes meaning, because we're comparing how much Iceland will benefit compared to other other places. eliminated

E.are most likely to benefit -same issue as in A, eliminated.

answer is B, it singular noun, singular verb.
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New post 05 May 2018, 02:19
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+1 for A.

According to below rule option A, C and E stand.Among A , C and E only A is correct as per the intended meaning.

Just as a note for one of the sentences follow the below rule:

1. One of the Xs that/who <plural>
2. One of the Xs <singular>
3. only One of the Xs <singular>
4. only One of the Xs that/who <plural>
5. "the" only One of the Xs that/who <singular>
note: Xs===>this is always plural.

+1 if this helps!


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GST Week 4 Day 4 Economist GMAT Tutor Question 4


Give your best shot at writing a top notch application and you will have the chance to win GMAT Club tests daily and GMAT Basic Prep Plan by The Economist GMAT Tutor. See the GMAT Spring Training Thread for all details


As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

A. are most likely to benefit from

B. is most likely to benefit from

C. are likely to benefit from

D. is likely to benefit from

E. are most likely to benefit

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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2018, 08:01
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souvik101990 wrote:

GST Week 4 Day 4 Economist GMAT Tutor Question 4


Give your best shot at writing a top notch application and you will have the chance to win GMAT Club tests daily and GMAT Basic Prep Plan by The Economist GMAT Tutor. See the GMAT Spring Training Thread for all details


As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

A. are most likely to benefit from

B. is most likely to benefit from

C. are likely to benefit from

D. is likely to benefit from

E. are most likely to benefit


Option A.
"Places" requires "are" not "is". This leaves us with A, C, and E.
E is wrong since a country can't benefit Global Warming. Its nonsensical.
As we are comparing the places that will be benefited, we have to use "most". This leaves us to option A, which is also the OA.
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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2018, 08:52
souvik101990 wrote:

GST Week 4 Day 4 Economist GMAT Tutor Question 4


Give your best shot at writing a top notch application and you will have the chance to win GMAT Club tests daily and GMAT Basic Prep Plan by The Economist GMAT Tutor. See the GMAT Spring Training Thread for all details


As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.


A. are most likely to benefit from

B. is most likely to benefit from

C. are likely to benefit from

D. is likely to benefit from

E. are most likely to benefit



Analysis :
1. S-V agrees in number : places (that).......are
2.The point to be noted here is that the author is presenting a future probabilistic event which is incontrary to the popular belief and surprising. This construction demands for a emphasis word such as 'Most' and the probabilistic one 'likely'.

Option A: Correct : As mentioned in the Analysis.

Option B: Incorrect : The singular verb....is ....does not match with the plural subject ( that ----- places)

Option C: Incorrect : The emphasis part is missing here as we are omitting 'most'

Option D: Incorrect : similar issue as in B.

Option E: Incorrect : This option completely distorts the meaning by saying : places will be benefiting global warming..... quite illogical
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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2018, 09:20
1
Quote:
main subject is Iceland, and we're referring to it...Iceland is singular therefore it will most likely benefit from global warming.

A. are-plural but we're referring to a singular noun-Iceland. if I try to understand it in a simpler sense, chicken meat is one of the foods that is mostly likely to aid in weight loss. chicken meat is one of the foods that are most likely to aid in weight loss is wrong because we're still referring to chicken meat which is singular. therefore eliminated.

C. are likely to benefit from - same issue as in A, eliminated.

D. is likely to benefit from - changes meaning, because we're comparing how much Iceland will benefit compared to other other places. eliminated

E.are most likely to benefit -same issue as in A, eliminated.

answer is B, it singular noun, singular verb.


my answer is wrong :D but I was certain that I was right. A big thank you to Souvik for posting this question and the others for answering, it made it realise that I am wrong :D I hope this will fetch me an extra point on the test. Kudos to gmatclub and a kudos to each one of you...is this grammatically right? :)
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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2018, 09:31
souvik101990 wrote:

GST Week 4 Day 4 Economist GMAT Tutor Question 4


Give your best shot at writing a top notch application and you will have the chance to win GMAT Club tests daily and GMAT Basic Prep Plan by The Economist GMAT Tutor. See the GMAT Spring Training Thread for all details


As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

A. are most likely to benefit from

B. is most likely to benefit from

C. are likely to benefit from

D. is likely to benefit from

E. are most likely to benefit



that refers to placees, hence are is correct; which leaves us with A,C,E

to benefit global warming means -> global warming is getting benefited which changes the meaning of sentence. Hence E also eliminated.

Among, "are most" and "are" clearly are most looks more elaborative. Hence option A
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New post 05 May 2018, 09:35
I would choose C. I'm not sure about "most"
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New post 19 May 2018, 05:34
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please!!! help between A and c
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Re: As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 05:39
GMATNinja , egmat , MartyMurray , Vyshak , generis

Isn't "most" in option A redundant? C seems more concise. I am a little confused. Can somebody help?
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New post 22 Jul 2018, 13:25
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Prateek176 wrote:
GMATNinja , egmat , MartyMurray , Vyshak , generis

Isn't "most" in option A redundant? C seems more concise. I am a little confused. Can somebody help?


In a GMAT Sentence Correction question, there should be only one answer choice that can be used to make a sentence that makes sense. This question is flawed, because it has two such answer choices, A and C.

Here is the complete sentence formed via the use of choice A:

As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

This choice conveys that there are places that are likely to benefit from global warming and that, of those places, Iceland is one of the ones that are "most likely" to benefit.

The word "most" is not redundant. It is correctly used to indicate that the likelihood that Iceland will benefit is greater than the likelihood that other places will benefit.

So, the sentence created via the use of choice A makes sense, and it uses the word "most" to concisely convey a certain meaning.

Here is the complete sentence formed via the use of choice C:

As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are likely to benefit from global warming.

This sentence conveys a meaning different from that conveyed by the sentence formed via that use of choice A.

In this case, the sentence conveys that some places are likely to benefit from global warming, that other places are not likely to benefit from global warming, and that Iceland is one of the places that are likely to benefit.

So, this version makes sense as well.

Thus, both choice A and choice C can be used to form sentences that make sense, and, therefore, this question has two correct answers.
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As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 15:10
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souvik101990 wrote:

As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

A. are most likely to benefit from

B. is most likely to benefit from

C. are likely to benefit from

D. is likely to benefit from

E. are most likely to benefit

Prateek176 wrote:

GMATNinja , egmat , MartyMurray , Vyshak , generis

Isn't "most" in option A redundant? C seems more concise. I am a little confused. Can somebody help?

EDIT I did not see MartyMurray 's post. Agreed and +1. My analysis ranges a little more widely.

Prateek176 - No, "most likely" is not redundant. This question's flaws probably created the confusion.

Both options A and C are correct.

• "Most likely" is perfectly acceptable

If X is the most likely choice, then among all its competitors or group members, X has the greatest possibility of being chosen.

"Most likely" in this context? Among a group of more than two countries that might get X:
1) some countries have a low chance of getting X (1-25% chance);
2) some have a moderate chance (25-60%); and
3) some have the highest chance of getting X (90-99%). The last group, compared to the others, is the "most likely" to get X.

As an adjective, "likely" means
"such as well might happen or be true; probable." --Oxford dictionary online, here

"Likely": For some countries including Iceland it might well be the case that the countries will benefit from global warming.

"Most" is a superlative used to indicate to the greatest degree.

"Most likely": For some countries including Iceland it might well be the case that a few countries will have the greatest chance to benefit from global warming among all countries.
Iceland is among the group most likely to benefit from global warming when Iceland is compared to countries that will have either a small or no chance to benefit from global warming.

This question is not representative of the way that GMAC tests comparisons and superlatives.

This question has two correct answers; do not rely on its distinction

According to the OE below and the tags on this topic, this question is designed to test S/V agreement.
Specifically, it is designed to test one of the + plural + relative pronoun = plural or singular verb.

Clever ambiguity often is exactly that which GMAC tests, but this question goes well beyond the reasonable parameters of clever ambiguity.

I can make the case that answers A and C are equally logical, grammatically correct, and defensible.

I can make the case that A is better. I can make the case that C is better.

If I can make all three of those cases, something is seriously wrong with my understanding of this question or something is seriously wrong with the way that the question is framed.

In this instance I am inclined to bet on the latter because others have produced solid answers in all three categories.

The distinction between answers A and C turns on two different words: the and likely.

Defending A

FACT: Global warming WILL benefit some countries.

. . . in the medium-long term Iceland is one of THE places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

THE as a definite article signals that there ARE places that will benefit from global warming.
Among those places that will benefit from global warming, the likelihood that the countries will benefit is described by degree:
most, somewhat, or least likely.
Iceland is among the group most likely to benefit.

Defending C

I can defend C on the same basis as A (key word/phrase).

FACT: "LIKELY TO BENEFIT" implies a hypothetical in the future.

Despite the presence of the word the, benefiting from global warming is not a foregone conclusion.
That fact signaled by the words "likely to benefit."
Iceland is not now benefiting from global warming.
We have no idea whether any other countries are benefiting now either.

(C) means that IF global warming were to or could benefit some countries but not others, Iceland would be among the likely beneficiaries.

Defending A and C
Remember that we cannot assume that option A has the correct meaning.
Answers A and C are equally good.

(C) As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are likely to benefit from global warming.

Iceland is an island in the north whose glaciers are melting at an alarming rate.
We would not expect Iceland to be among a group of places that have a decent chance of benefiting from global warming
compared to other countries that are not likely to benefit from global warming.
The distinction is binary: benefit/not benefit. Iceland is in the former category.

(A) As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland is one of the places that are most likely to benefit from global warming.

Iceland is an island in the north whose glaciers are melting at an alarming rate.
We would not expect Iceland to be among a group of places that have the highest chance
of benefiting from global warming compared to other countries that have a much lower or no chance of benefiting from global warming.
The distinction among countries is a continuum from zero chance of benefiting to a very high chance of benefiting from global warming.

Answers A and C are both grammatically correct, concise, and reasonable (other than the asinine scientific content).

We have no way to determine what the sentence was supposed to mean originally.

The prompt is flawed.

This analysis is more hair-splitting than any analysis I have ever needed to use on actual GMAT questions.

Here is the OE about option C:
Quote:
Notice how answer option C changes the meaning of the original sentence. 'Likely' is not the same as 'most likely'. So, you can eliminate C.

Assertion: "Notice how answer option C changes the meaning of the original sentence."

Putative explanation: "[l]ikely is not the same as most likely." Huh? Thanks, but I know that likely and the most likely are not the same.

Official explanation writers: this explanation sheds a lot more heat than light. I am not convinced it sheds any light.

I have now seen at least six well-reasoned answers.
Results in that group: 1) A and C are equally good; 2) C is better; and 3) A is better.

I decided to do a data search. I read 250+ OG questions. I found exactly zero parallel examples.

And of the few questions that marginally resembled this one,
not one tested "likely" and "most likely" (or any similar pairing) in the manner used in this question.

I am happy to be corrected. If there is an official example that mimics this question, bring it on.

Hope that helps. :-)

The rest of the OE is below. You can find the OE posted by hazelnut ,HERE
In this topic thread.

hazelnut wrote:

OFFICIAL SOLUTION



When you look at the first word in each answer option, you can quickly deduce that this question is about a singular / plural issue.

Next, notice the presence of the relative pronoun “that” in the question. The most important relative pronouns for our purposes are “who”, “which” and “that”. In this case, the rule is that the verb that follows the relative pronoun must agree in number with the word that comes immediately before the relative pronoun. Notice in this sentence that the word “places” comes before the relative pronoun “that”. Therefore, the verb that follows the relative pronoun must be plural to agree with “places”. This is because of the special construction “one of the + plural + relative pronoun”.

Now that you know the verb following the relative pronoun must be plural, you can eliminate answer options B and D.

Notice how answer option C changes the meaning of the original sentence. 'Likely' is not the same as 'most likely'. So, you can eliminate C.

The elimination of the preposition “from” in answer option E changes the meaning of the original sentence completely. Therefore, eliminate E.
That leaves only one option: A is correct.

In summary, remember the important rule that in the special construction “one of the + plural + relative pronoun” the verb that follows the relative pronoun agrees in number with the word that comes immediately before the relative pronoun. The verb is therefore plural. Remembering such relatively simple rules will make you feel more secure about sentence correction and will allow you to spend more time on other more difficult questions.

Sorry, cannot help myself: SERIOUSLY?! Politically loaded and questionable science aside, this answer is as clear as mud.
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As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 15:40
hazelnut wrote:

OFFICIAL SOLUTION



When you look at the first word in each answer option, you can quickly deduce that this question is about a singular / plural issue.

Next, notice the presence of the relative pronoun “that” in the question. The most important relative pronouns for our purposes are “who”, “which” and “that”. In this case, the rule is that the verb that follows the relative pronoun must agree in number with the word that comes immediately before the relative pronoun. Notice in this sentence that the word “places” comes before the relative pronoun “that”. Therefore, the verb that follows the relative pronoun must be plural to agree with “places”. This is because of the special construction “one of the + plural + relative pronoun”.

Now that you know the verb following the relative pronoun must be plural, you can eliminate answer options B and D.

Notice how answer option C changes the meaning of the original sentence. 'Likely' is not the same as 'most likely'. So, you can eliminate C.

The elimination of the preposition “from” in answer option E changes the meaning of the original sentence completely. Therefore, eliminate E.
That leaves only one option: A is correct.

In summary, remember the important rule that in the special construction “one of the + plural + relative pronoun” the verb that follows the relative pronoun agrees in number with the word that comes immediately before the relative pronoun. The verb is therefore plural. Remembering such relatively simple rules will make you feel more secure about sentence correction and will allow you to spend more time on other more difficult questions.


The highlighted portion of the above official explanation for this question is based on a myth. The myth is that the meaning conveyed by the sentence created via the use of the correct answer to a GMAT Sentence Correction question has to match the meaning conveyed by the original sentence, i.e., the version created via the use of choice A.

There is no such rule.

The correct answer to a Sentence Correction question is the one the use of which results in a sentence that makes sense - end of story.

The idea that the meaning of the version created via the use of the correct answer has to match the meaning conveyed by the original defies logic, as THE ORIGINAL VERSION MAY CONVEY A NONSENSICAL MEANING. In such a case, the version created via the use of the correct answer would have to convey the same nonsensical meaning. Since, by definition, the version created by the correct answer has to convey a meaning that makes sense, there is no way that the "meaning of the original version" myth can be true, as application of a rule based on that myth would, in some cases, result in "correct" versions that convey nonsensical meanings.

For an example of an official GMAT Sentence Correction question that has an original version that conveys a nonsensical meaning, see the question below.

A long-term study of some 1,000 physicians indicates that the more coffee these doctors drank, the more they had a likelihood of coronary disease.

A. more they had a likelihood of coronary disease

B. more was their likelihood of having coronary disease

C. more they would have a likelihood to have coronary disease

D. greater was their likelihood of having coronary disease

E. greater was coronary disease likely

The meaning conveyed by the original version is nonsensical, as, for everyone, even someone who has zero chance of experiencing coronary disease, there is "a likelihood", whether zero, small, or great, that that person will experience coronary disease.

The correct answer conveys a meaning different from that of the original.

The correct answer is .
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As surprising as it may seem, in the medium-long term Iceland &nbs [#permalink] 22 Jul 2018, 15:40
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