GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 10 Dec 2018, 03:35

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free lesson on number properties

     December 10, 2018

     December 10, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Practice the one most important Quant section - Integer properties, and rapidly improve your skills.
  • Free GMAT Prep Hour

     December 11, 2018

     December 11, 2018

     09:00 PM EST

     10:00 PM EST

    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. December 11 at 9 PM EST.

Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 51067
Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2018, 21:21
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (01:09) correct 28% (01:08) wrong based on 331 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer and its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way.


A. its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way

B. its residents wonder if another long dry spell is on the way or not

C. its residents wondering whether another long dry spell is on the way

D. their residents wondering whether or not another long dry spell is on the way

E. their residents wondering if another long dry spell is on the way

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/13/climate/california-drought.html

Atmospheric conditions that helped create the recent multiyear California drought have returned, leaving the state dry and exceptionally warm this winter and its residents wondering if another long dry spell is on the way.

_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 26 Jun 2017
Posts: 375
Location: Russian Federation
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
WE: Information Technology (Other)
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2018, 22:14
Bunuel wrote:
Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer and its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way.

A. its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way

B. its residents wonder if another long dry spell is on the way or not

C. its residents wondering whether another long dry spell is on the way

D. their residents wondering whether or not another long dry spell is on the way

E. their residents wondering if another long dry spell is on the way



When I read this sentence (A) I thought that it was wrong and I would build it so:
"Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer; its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way."
But "and" is not underlined. Then I understood that there is a better way.

1. We use if on GMAT only in conditional sentences. B is out.
2. SV agreement. Region is single, so "their" is out. Thus D, E are out.

3. Now, between A and C. What I wrote in t he beginning. I thought the sentence was wrong.
We have a clause "Atmospheric conditions have returned"- the main part and then "leaving the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer" - this part is not as important as the the first one, it depends on the first part. "And" is not underlined and we do not have semicolon.
So A is out. Because we have the verb "wonder" and 2 clauses that do not match.

But C is ok.

Atmospheric conditions (that helped create the extended drought in New England) have returned, leaving the region dry (and exceptionally warm this summer) and its residents wondering whether another long dry spell is on the way
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Feb 2018
Posts: 395
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2018, 22:29
A. its residents ((wonder)) whether another long dry spell is on the way - not actually parallel, thus, meaning and connectivity with the previous part is not clear.

B. its residents wonder ((if)) another long dry spell is on the way or not - directly eliminate.

C. its residents ((wondering)) whether another long dry spell is on the way - this goes well....(leaving the region.....and its residents wondering....) Looks good. Hold.

D. ((their)) residents wondering whether or not another long dry spell is on the way - incorrect

E. ((their)) residents wondering ((if)) another long dry spell is on the way - incorrect.

Thus, C is best.

Sent from my Lenovo K53a48 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 411
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 01:15
it can not be C because "and" show a paralel elements. we do not have two paralel elements here.
and its resident wondering.
we do not have any phrase in begining part which paralel to the phrase.

i think A is best inhere

but A have some problem

conditioins return and it residents wonder

are paralel in choice A. this mean both return and wonder are two action separate and wonder dose not depend on return.

this is not logic. in fact the return make the wonder.

so, this problem is confused.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 26 Jun 2017
Posts: 375
Location: Russian Federation
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
WE: Information Technology (Other)
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 01:24
thangvietnam wrote:
it can not be C because "and" show a paralel elements. we do not have two paralel elements here.
and its resident wondering.
we do not have any phrase in begining part which paralel to the phrase.

i think A is best inhere

but A have some problem

conditioins return and it residents wonder

are paralel in choice A. this mean both return and wonder are two action separate and wonder dose not depend on return.

this is not logic. in fact the return make the wonder.

so, this problem is confused.


Agree that C is strange with parallel issue. But A is simply not right logically with these 2 clauses, as I wrote before.

It has to be C.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 02 May 2018
Posts: 14
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 03:02
1
The parallel structure starts with leaving. "Leaving" is the modifier here. Atmospheric conditions have returned, leaving (1) the region dry and warm (/1) and (2) its residents wondering (/2). The region is left dry and ward, while its residents are left wondering.

Answer: C
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Feb 2017
Posts: 137
Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V31
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 05:42
I agree with the above posts, option C here is correct.
Leaving here is parallel to wondering as is desired with parallelism.

Posted from my mobile device
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 51067
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jun 2018, 03:51
Bunuel wrote:
Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer and its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way.


A. its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way

B. its residents wonder if another long dry spell is on the way or not

C. its residents wondering whether another long dry spell is on the way

D. their residents wondering whether or not another long dry spell is on the way

E. their residents wondering if another long dry spell is on the way


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



An easy decision point to start with in this problem is the pronoun choice between “its” and “their” at the start of the answers. Looking back in the sentence, it is clear that the antecedent of this pronoun is “the region,” so “their” is incorrect and you can confidently eliminate (D) and (E).

While you might now notice a choice between “if” and “whether” in (A), (B), and (C), that type of diction choice is best avoided, as the two words are often interchangeable. Instead, notice that (A) and (B) use “wonder” while (C) uses “wondering”. Looking back in the sentence, you see that there is a participial modifier attached to the main clause: “have returned, leaving the region dry and warm this summer and its residents wondering…” - choice (C) is correct.

Using the active verb “wonder” in (A) and (B) creates a sentence construction error – you cannot link a new clause on after “this summer” unless you have a comma before the “and” indicating that there is a separate clause. Furthermore, this part of the sentence goes more logically as a second part of the modifying phrase that indicates what has happened because the atmospheric conditions have returned.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 20 Sep 2016
Posts: 522
GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jun 2018, 02:31
Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer and its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way.


A. its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way

B. its residents wonder if another long dry spell is on the way or not

C. its residents wondering whether another long dry spell is on the way

D. their residents wondering whether or not another long dry spell is on the way

E. their residents wondering if another long dry spell is on the way


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



An easy decision point to start with in this problem is the pronoun choice between “its” and “their” at the start of the answers. Looking back in the sentence, it is clear that the antecedent of this pronoun is “the region,” so “their” is incorrect and you can confidently eliminate (D) and (E).

While you might now notice a choice between “if” and “whether” in (A), (B), and (C), that type of diction choice is best avoided, as the two words are often interchangeable. Instead, notice that (A) and (B) use “wonder” while (C) uses “wondering”. Looking back in the sentence, you see that there is a participial modifier attached to the main clause: “have returned, leaving the region dry and warm this summer and its residents wondering…” - choice (C) is correct.

Using the active verb “wonder” in (A) and (B) creates a sentence construction error – you cannot link a new clause on after “this summer” unless you have a comma before the “and” indicating that there is a separate clause. Furthermore, this part of the sentence goes more logically as a second part of the modifying phrase that indicates what has happened because the atmospheric conditions have returned.



I call into question the official answer and hence the explanation.
my take- "Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving(verb-ing modifier showing result) the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer AND its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way. Single " leaving" partciple is enough to denote the entire parallalism. X happened,leaving Y and leaving Z. The verb wonder coorectly states how the residents were left or how was the impact on them. IF you nonsensically read every single part of the statement and and say there should be a comma and fail to read the part of the sentence as a embedded part of the whole , then you are reading it incorrectly.
IMO there isnt any difference between wonder and wonder, because if you read the second part of the result- leaving its residents wonder.... does sound right.
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1068
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jun 2018, 07:13
Bunuel wrote:
Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer and its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way.


A. its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way

B. its residents wonder if another long dry spell is on the way or not

C. its residents wondering whether another long dry spell is on the way

D. their residents wondering whether or not another long dry spell is on the way

E. their residents wondering if another long dry spell is on the way


Imo C

Main split in this sentence is parallelism between two modifiers after comma .

We have present participle modifier after and there is another clause after and .The second sentence is not parallel to the first modifier .Second sentence a full independent clause ; so we have to make second sentence a present particle modifier .

Only C ,D and E does that .
In D we have redundancy issue we do not use or not with weather also "their" pronoun is wrong.
E has pronoun error same as D .
_________________

Please give kudos if you found my answers useful

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Feb 2018
Posts: 395
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jun 2018, 03:01
AdityaHongunti wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer and its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way.


A. its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way

B. its residents wonder if another long dry spell is on the way or not

C. its residents wondering whether another long dry spell is on the way

D. their residents wondering whether or not another long dry spell is on the way

E. their residents wondering if another long dry spell is on the way


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



An easy decision point to start with in this problem is the pronoun choice between “its” and “their” at the start of the answers. Looking back in the sentence, it is clear that the antecedent of this pronoun is “the region,” so “their” is incorrect and you can confidently eliminate (D) and (E).

While you might now notice a choice between “if” and “whether” in (A), (B), and (C), that type of diction choice is best avoided, as the two words are often interchangeable. Instead, notice that (A) and (B) use “wonder” while (C) uses “wondering”. Looking back in the sentence, you see that there is a participial modifier attached to the main clause: “have returned, leaving the region dry and warm this summer and its residents wondering…” - choice (C) is correct.

Using the active verb “wonder” in (A) and (B) creates a sentence construction error – you cannot link a new clause on after “this summer” unless you have a comma before the “and” indicating that there is a separate clause. Furthermore, this part of the sentence goes more logically as a second part of the modifying phrase that indicates what has happened because the atmospheric conditions have returned.



I call into question the official answer and hence the explanation.
my take- "Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving(verb-ing modifier showing result) the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer AND its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way. Single " leaving" partciple is enough to denote the entire parallalism. X happened,leaving Y and leaving Z. The verb wonder coorectly states how the residents were left or how was the impact on them. IF you nonsensically read every single part of the statement and and say there should be a comma and fail to read the part of the sentence as a embedded part of the whole , then you are reading it incorrectly.
IMO there isnt any difference between wonder and wonder, because if you read the second part of the result- leaving its residents wonder.... does sound right.
It might sound right but it has a dubious meaning. It can be interpreted in two ways. Thus, C is more clear.

Sent from my Lenovo K53a48 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 26 Dec 2017
Posts: 157
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jun 2018, 04:13
Bunuel wrote:
Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer and its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way.


A. its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way

B. its residents wonder if another long dry spell is on the way or not

C. its residents wondering whether another long dry spell is on the way

D. their residents wondering whether or not another long dry spell is on the way

E. their residents wondering if another long dry spell is on the way


i did not get what this clause parallel to
and its residents wondering whether another long dry spell is on the way
_________________

--If you like my post pls give kudos

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 24 Oct 2017
Posts: 46
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jun 2018, 05:09
Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New England have returned, leaving the region dry and exceptionally warm this summer, and its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way.


A. its residents wonder whether another long dry spell is on the way

B. its residents wonder if another long dry spell is on the way or not

C. its residents wondering whether another long dry spell is on the way

D. their residents wondering whether or not another long dry spell is on the way

E. their residents wondering if another long dry spell is on the way

I have modified this q a little bit by inserting a comma before "and it's residents wonder...."
@dhaag pls tell which one is better in this scenario

Posted from my mobile device
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 22 Jan 2018
Posts: 17
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2018, 07:49
daagh Sir, here the head of the modifying phrase after comma is 'leaving' and it makes complete sense to say, "leaving X and Y" ; even if Y contains a verb (here, "wonder") , it causes no harm and portrays clear meaning as stated in the original statement, A.

What is your take on this?
_________________

"Winning is all about right strategy"

Set S.M.A.R.T Objectives : Specific | Measurable | Attainable | Relevant | Time-Bound

Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4555
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2018, 09:10
Top Contributor
Setback
The parallelism between X and Y implies that both X and Y are parallel in both structure and meaning. We can't afford to have a phrase ( leaving the region dry and warm)and parallelly combine it with a clause (its residents wonder), even though the meaning is evident.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 22 Jan 2018
Posts: 17
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2018, 09:21
daagh wrote:
Setback
The parallelism between X and Y implies that both X and Y are parallel in both structure and meaning. We can't afford to have a phrase ( leaving the region dry and warm)and parallelly combine it with a clause (its residents wonder), even though the meaning is evident.

So, in that case, can I safely assume that if the correct answer choice were not mentioned, then I could have chosen this option as the correct choice?
_________________

"Winning is all about right strategy"

Set S.M.A.R.T Objectives : Specific | Measurable | Attainable | Relevant | Time-Bound

Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4555
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2018, 09:38
1
Top Contributor
setback
Do you mean that if choice C were not there, whether you can still select A?
Why would you want to compromise with wrong choices that are equally bad?
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 12 Mar 2017
Posts: 236
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V27
GPA: 4
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jul 2018, 07:49
daagh wrote:
Setback
The parallelism between X and Y implies that both X and Y are parallel in both structure and meaning. We can't afford to have a phrase ( leaving the region dry and warm)and parallelly combine it with a clause (its residents wonder), even though the meaning is evident.


daagh , MagooshExpert , egmat

(leaving) the region dry and warm and (leaving) its residents wonder/wondering . How are these 2 different? Both are a part of V-ing modifier. Please help
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4555
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jul 2018, 08:39
2
Top Contributor
Leaving (the region dry and warm-- a noun followed by the adjectives dry and warm) and leaving (its residents wonder -- a noun followed by a verb)

The question is whether an adjective can be equal to a verb? If we say 'wondering,' the situation is different because now the 'participle' modifies the residents and is adjectival. Parallelism is about both equalities of meaning and structure.

Besides, in the given context, there should be no confusion between the structures of 'wonder 'and 'wondering.'
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jul 2018, 08:39
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Atmospheric conditions that helped create the extended drought in New

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.