GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Sep 2018, 07:39

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Demographers doing research for an international economics

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Feb 2008
Posts: 292
CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 13 Apr 2014, 04:17
5
12
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (01:24) correct 41% (01:45) wrong based on 966 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

ANswer with explanation please. Thanks

Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.
The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?
(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.

Originally posted by Vavali on 13 Mar 2008, 10:02.
Last edited by ankurgupta03 on 13 Apr 2014, 04:17, edited 1 time in total.
added the OA
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
P
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8281
Location: Pune, India
Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2014, 22:07
6
1
Vavali wrote:
ANswer with explanation please. Thanks

Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.
The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?
(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.


Responding to a pm:

Let's understand the argument:

"Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton." -
Say average per capita income of K is $10,000
Say average per capita income of B is $40,000

"They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong."

This is possible with the numbers given above, right? Say, poverty is defined as < $5000. Say, most people in K earn $10,000. Very few are less than $5000 and very few are above $15000. Say most people lie close to the average.
On the other hand, it is possible that 80% of people in B earn only $1000. Then the rest of the 20% must have very high income i.e. say $150,000. In that case, even though average per capita income would be relatively higher, most of the population would be below poverty line.

"At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong."

This is incorrect conclusion. It is not necessary that at least one of the demographers’ claims must be wrong as we showed above with some numbers.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.

This is exactly what we thought. Incomes in K might be very close to the country's average so that very few people have less than average income (or below poverty line) whereas the gap between in incomes in B might be very high such that many people fall below the poverty line.

Hence (E) is the answer.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >

GMAT self-study has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!

Most Helpful Community Reply
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Affiliations: ACA, CPA
Joined: 26 Apr 2009
Posts: 419
Location: Vagabond
Schools: BC
WE 1: Big4, Audit
WE 2: Banking
Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Aug 2009, 18:50
4
23
Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?
(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.
_________________

If you have made mistakes, there is always another chance for you. You may have a fresh start any moment you choose, for this thing we call "failure" is not the falling down, but the staying down.

General Discussion
CEO
CEO
User avatar
B
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3481
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Mar 2008, 10:45
E

[AI] of [K] - the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala:
[AI] of [B] - the average per capita income in the country of Bahlton:

[P] of [K] - % people living in poverty in the country of Kuptala:
[P] of [B] - % people living in poverty in the country of Bahlton:

1st claim: [AI] of [K] << [AI] of [B]
2st claim: [P] of [K] ~ 0, [P] of [B] = 50%

The explanation of these visible disparity destroy conclusion: "one of the claims must be wrong"

Only E fully explains that: "It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita"
In other words, there are a few billionaires in Bahlton
_________________

HOT! GMAT TOOLKIT 2 (iOS) / GMAT TOOLKIT (Android) - The OFFICIAL GMAT CLUB PREP APP, a must-have app especially if you aim at 700+ | Limited GMAT/GRE Math tutoring in Chicago

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Sep 2007
Posts: 197
Reviews Badge
Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Mar 2008, 12:36
I chose E also. Statement E says that the incomes in Kaptula could be close to the median, and the per capita incomes in Bahlton are more disbursed with lower lows and higher highs.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 May 2009
Posts: 250
Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Aug 2009, 19:37
4
Phew!! Tough one bro

Got hung between C and E.

(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning. -- poverty needs to be defined as same for both the countries. universally sounds broad.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton. - out of scope
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.

IMO E. I think C is wrong because the premise talks about absolute numbers in giving the poverty statistics and not the percentages.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 25 Jul 2009
Posts: 24
Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Aug 2009, 20:03
3
IMO E

People in Kuptala might not be poor because all of them earn the same i.e the national average capita income which is nt the case for Bahlton.
A says that no attempt was made to discredit the claim which is wrng too because evidence of poorer people was provided to contrast the claim.
The others are irrelevant.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Affiliations: ACA, CPA
Joined: 26 Apr 2009
Posts: 419
Location: Vagabond
Schools: BC
WE 1: Big4, Audit
WE 2: Banking
Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Aug 2009, 22:08
2
OA is E.

I was also stuck with C or E. Nice reasoning Acer

THanks all.
_________________

If you have made mistakes, there is always another chance for you. You may have a fresh start any moment you choose, for this thing we call "failure" is not the falling down, but the staying down.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 May 2007
Posts: 18
Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2009, 05:37
2
E it is

In kuptala's case majority of the population earns, about the same as the national average and in Bahlton's case, there is a huge disparity in the earnings of the population. Only this weakens the conclusion
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2009
Posts: 222
Location: New York, NY
Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Sep 2009, 11:53
1
E.

C is wrong, becuase the argument DOES consider the percentage when it says "half" the population lives in poverty. Half is a percentage, not a number.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 26 Jul 2009
Posts: 315
Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Sep 2009, 01:47
Good question. Tests concept of 'average'.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 03 Feb 2010
Posts: 60
Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2010, 19:56
6
6
Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton.They also claim,however,that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala,over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty.At least one of the demographer's claim must,therefore be wrong.

the argument above is most vunerable to which of the following criticism ?

1.It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.

2.It treats the vague term "poverty" as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.

3.It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.

4.It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in kuptala as in bahlton.

5.It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala , unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country's average per capita income.
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 837
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: CR : Weaken (demographers claim average per capita income)  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2010, 21:33
Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton.They also claim,however,that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala,over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty.At least one of the demographer's claim must,therefore be wrong.

P1 : Per ca pita income of K < B
P2 : Poverty is rare in K but half the population of B live in extreme poverty
Conclusion : One of the premises (claims) is wrong.

Well this argument is flawed because its making a hasty generalization. If the incomes (per ca pita income) in K are close to country's average then K is indeed prosperous. hence E.

A : This is NOT the case. The argument offers evidence. The problem is that it ignores a vital assumption that the country's average income can be close to per capita income of the country it claims to be poor.
B : The term "poverty" is unambiguous.
C : It does not critiques the argument.
D : No bearing on the argument. Irrelevant
E : Answer
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Apply - Last Chance
Affiliations: IIT, Purdue, PhD, TauBetaPi
Joined: 18 Jul 2010
Posts: 637
Schools: Wharton, Sloan, Chicago, Haas
WE 1: 8 years in Oil&Gas
Re: CR : Weaken (demographers claim average per capita income)  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2010, 22:52
So is poverty unambiguous because it is taken to mean less than per capita income?
_________________

Consider kudos, they are good for health

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 03 Feb 2010
Posts: 60
Re: CR : Weaken (demographers claim average per capita income)  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Aug 2010, 02:04
nusmavrik wrote:
Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton.They also claim,however,that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala,over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty.At least one of the demographer's claim must,therefore be wrong.

P1 : Per ca pita income of K < B
P2 : Poverty is rare in K but half the population of B live in extreme poverty
Conclusion : One of the premises (claims) is wrong.

Well this argument is flawed because its making a hasty generalization. If the incomes (per ca pita income) in K are close to country's average then K is indeed prosperous. hence E.

A : This is NOT the case. The argument offers evidence. The problem is that it ignores a vital assumption that the country's average income can be close to per capita income of the country it claims to be poor.
B : The term "poverty" is unambiguous.
C : It does not critiques the argument.
D : No bearing on the argument. Irrelevant
E : Answer




could you define the term "per capita income" and "country average" ??
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 837
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: CR : Weaken (demographers claim average per capita income)  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Aug 2010, 10:28
Well per capita income is income per unit of population.

The choice E means that the argument fails to consider the fact that the incomes of people of Kuptala is close to the national average (arithmetic mean) income. Hence poverty is rare in Kuputala compared with that in Bahlton. Hence both the demographers can be true.

5.It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala , unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country's average per capita income.


sushma0805 wrote:

could you define the term "per capita income" and "country average" ??
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 04 Jun 2010
Posts: 1
Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2010, 19:45
Definitely E.....

assume incomes of K to be --- A-1, A-1, A-1...... A-1, A+1 A+1 A+1 A+1 (Av=A)
now incomes of B (half are very poor so the other half people must be very rich so that the average income of the whole increase) say A-10 A-15 A-20 A-12 ....... A+20 A+31 (Av=A+1)
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Jun 2010
Posts: 138
Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Oct 2010, 03:06
so nice a question :)
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Aug 2010
Posts: 222
Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 29 Oct 2017, 10:28
1
3
Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?

(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.

(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.

(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.

(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.

(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.

Please can someone explain this
_________________

Verbal:new-to-the-verbal-forum-please-read-this-first-77546.html
Math: new-to-the-math-forum-please-read-this-first-77764.html
Gmat: everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ajit


Originally posted by ajit257 on 29 Dec 2010, 17:07.
Last edited by HKD1710 on 29 Oct 2017, 10:28, edited 1 time in total.
edit text
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 162
Location: Stockholm, Sweden
Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Dec 2010, 17:17
Its very late here but I'll give it a shot :)

Claim 1 Kuptala = lower average income per capita
Claim 2 Bahlton = higher average average income but >50% in poverty (much higher than Kuptala).

Argument: This doesn't make sense, one claim must be false.

One way this can be true is if the income divergence is substanially higher in Bahlton than Kuptala. Meaning, they have a few people earning all the money and the rest is living on the street. (Answer E)
_________________

12/2010 GMATPrep 1 620 (Q34/V41)
01/2011 GMATPrep 2 640 (Q42/V36)
01/2011 GMATPrep 3 700 (Q47/V39)
02/2011 GMATPrep 4 710 (Q48/V39)
02/2011 MGMAT CAT 1 650 (Q46/V32)
02/2011 MGMAT CAT 2 680 (Q46/V36)
02/2011 MGMAT CAT 3 710 (Q45/V41)

Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics &nbs [#permalink] 29 Dec 2010, 17:17

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 44 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Demographers doing research for an international economics

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.