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Demographers doing research for an international economics

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Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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A
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D
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Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?
(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2009, 18:37
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Phew!! Tough one bro

Got hung between C and E.

(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning. -- poverty needs to be defined as same for both the countries. universally sounds broad.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton. - out of scope
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.

IMO E. I think C is wrong because the premise talks about absolute numbers in giving the poverty statistics and not the percentages.

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New post 04 Aug 2009, 18:58
I vote for E

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New post 04 Aug 2009, 19:03
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IMO E

People in Kuptala might not be poor because all of them earn the same i.e the national average capita income which is nt the case for Bahlton.
A says that no attempt was made to discredit the claim which is wrng too because evidence of poorer people was provided to contrast the claim.
The others are irrelevant.

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2009, 21:08
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OA is E.

I was also stuck with C or E. Nice reasoning Acer

THanks all.
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2009, 04:37
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E it is

In kuptala's case majority of the population earns, about the same as the national average and in Bahlton's case, there is a huge disparity in the earnings of the population. Only this weakens the conclusion

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2009, 07:39
agree with C

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2009, 00:29
Nice Question!
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2009, 10:53
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E.

C is wrong, becuase the argument DOES consider the percentage when it says "half" the population lives in poverty. Half is a percentage, not a number.

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2009, 00:47
Good question. Tests concept of 'average'.

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Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton.They also claim,however,that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala,over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty.At least one of the demographer's claim must,therefore be wrong.

the argument above is most vunerable to which of the following criticism ?

1.It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.

2.It treats the vague term "poverty" as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.

3.It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.

4.It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in kuptala as in bahlton.

5.It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala , unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country's average per capita income.

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Re: CR : Weaken (demographers claim average per capita income) [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2010, 20:33
Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton.They also claim,however,that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala,over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty.At least one of the demographer's claim must,therefore be wrong.

P1 : Per ca pita income of K < B
P2 : Poverty is rare in K but half the population of B live in extreme poverty
Conclusion : One of the premises (claims) is wrong.

Well this argument is flawed because its making a hasty generalization. If the incomes (per ca pita income) in K are close to country's average then K is indeed prosperous. hence E.

A : This is NOT the case. The argument offers evidence. The problem is that it ignores a vital assumption that the country's average income can be close to per capita income of the country it claims to be poor.
B : The term "poverty" is unambiguous.
C : It does not critiques the argument.
D : No bearing on the argument. Irrelevant
E : Answer

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Re: CR : Weaken (demographers claim average per capita income) [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2010, 21:52
So is poverty unambiguous because it is taken to mean less than per capita income?
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New post 27 Aug 2010, 01:04
nusmavrik wrote:
Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton.They also claim,however,that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala,over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty.At least one of the demographer's claim must,therefore be wrong.

P1 : Per ca pita income of K < B
P2 : Poverty is rare in K but half the population of B live in extreme poverty
Conclusion : One of the premises (claims) is wrong.

Well this argument is flawed because its making a hasty generalization. If the incomes (per ca pita income) in K are close to country's average then K is indeed prosperous. hence E.

A : This is NOT the case. The argument offers evidence. The problem is that it ignores a vital assumption that the country's average income can be close to per capita income of the country it claims to be poor.
B : The term "poverty" is unambiguous.
C : It does not critiques the argument.
D : No bearing on the argument. Irrelevant
E : Answer




could you define the term "per capita income" and "country average" ??

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Re: CR : Weaken (demographers claim average per capita income) [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2010, 09:28
Well per capita income is income per unit of population.

The choice E means that the argument fails to consider the fact that the incomes of people of Kuptala is close to the national average (arithmetic mean) income. Hence poverty is rare in Kuputala compared with that in Bahlton. Hence both the demographers can be true.

5.It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala , unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country's average per capita income.


sushma0805 wrote:

could you define the term "per capita income" and "country average" ??

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New post 27 Aug 2010, 13:12
E IMO

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Re: CR : Weaken (demographers claim average per capita income) [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2010, 00:09
Nice!!
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2010, 18:45
Definitely E.....

assume incomes of K to be --- A-1, A-1, A-1...... A-1, A+1 A+1 A+1 A+1 (Av=A)
now incomes of B (half are very poor so the other half people must be very rich so that the average income of the whole increase) say A-10 A-15 A-20 A-12 ....... A+20 A+31 (Av=A+1)

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2010, 02:06
so nice a question :)

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Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?

(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.

(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.

(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.

(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.

(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.

Please can someone explain this
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Last edited by HKD1710 on 29 Oct 2017, 09:28, edited 1 time in total.
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