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Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter

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Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
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Location: Pune, India

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30 Oct 2018, 23:36

I selected E . But please correct my reasoning for option B. I was stuck between these two. But i rejected option B on the basis of EXTREME POVERTY.

karishma i'll be using your analysis:
"Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton." -
Say average per capita income of K is \$10,000
Say average per capita income of B is \$40,000

"They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong."

lets consider poverty limit in K = 1000
poverty limit in B = 20,000

now lets alsmot all K's are above 1000 and near to 10000
and most of K are below 20k . But a group of B citizens earn so much that the avg gets to 40k (similar to your reasoning)

the xtreme poverty according to B can be 20k
even in this sitiation BOTH STATEMENTS ARE RIGHT. PLease correct my reasoning

Here is the problem with your analysis:
Even if poverty does not have a precise, universally accepted definition, you cannot apply such different definitions to different circumstances. You have to use the definition you believe in - whether it is \$1000 a year or \$1200 a year etc.
Also, we are talking about poverty in K vs extreme poverty in B. How can poverty be \$1000 and extreme poverty be \$20,000?

So, try to find the option that suits the reasoning of the argument, not the one that you can twist to work with the argument.
Does that help?
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter &nbs [#permalink] 30 Oct 2018, 23:36

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