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Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document

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Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2018, 10:37
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Question 1
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based on 123 sessions

80% (02:49) correct 20% (03:32) wrong

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Question 2
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44% (01:27) correct 56% (01:28) wrong

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Question 3
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based on 119 sessions

39% (01:36) correct 61% (02:05) wrong

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Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal documents are the best—indeed, often the only—available evidence about the economic and social history of a given period. Why, then, has it taken so long for historians to focus systematically on the civil (noncriminal) law of early modern (sixteenth- to eighteenth-century) England? Maitland offered one reason: the subject requires researchers to "master an extremely formal system of pleading and procedure." Yet the complexities that confront those who would study such materials are not wholly different from those recently surmounted by historians of criminal law in England during the same period. Another possible explanation for historians' neglect of the subject is their widespread assumption that most people in early modern England had little contact with civil law. If that were so, the history of legal matters would be of little relevance to general historical scholarship. But recent research suggests that civil litigation during the period involved artisans, merchants, professionals, shopkeepers, and farmers, and not merely a narrow, propertied, male elite. Moreover, the later sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries saw an extraordinary explosion in civil litigation by both women and men, making this the most litigious era in English history on a per capita basis.
The author of the passage mentions the occupations of those involved in civil litigation in early modern England most likely in order to

A) suggest that most historians' assumptions about the participants in the civil legal system during that period are probably correct
B) support the theory that more people participated in the civil legal system than the criminal legal system in England during that period
C) counter the claim that legal issues reveal more about a country's ordinary citizens than about its elite
D) illustrate the wide range of people who used the civil legal system in England during that period
E) suggest that recent data on people who participated in early modern England's legal system may not be correct


Spoiler: :: OA
D


The author of the passage suggests which of the following about the "widespread assumption"?

A) Because it is true, the history of civil law is of as much interest to historians focusing on general social history as to those specializing in legal history.
B) Because it is inaccurate, the history of civil law in early modern England should enrich the general historical scholarship of that period.
C) It is based on inaccurate data about the propertied male elite of early modern England.
D) It does not provide a plausible explanation for historians' failure to study the civil law of early modern England.
E) It is based on an analogy with criminal law in early modern England.


Spoiler: :: OA
B


The passage suggests that the history of criminal law in early modern England differs from the history of civil law during that same period in that the history of criminal law

A) is of more intellectual interest to historians and their readers
B) has been studied more thoroughly by historians
C) is more relevant to general social history
D) involves the study of a larger proportion of the population
E) does not require the mastery of an extremely formal system of procedures

Spoiler: :: OA
B



NOTE: passage from official GRE Material.

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Re: Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2018, 10:55
Good Passage!!

Took 7 mins.
Got all correct except q2.
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Re: Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2018, 12:02
A good read!

All correct, 7 mins
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Re: Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2018, 15:27
can someone please help me in ques 3
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Re: Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2019, 20:55

+1 kudos to the posts containing answer explanations of all questions


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Re: Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2019, 23:30
Solving this RC took me exactly 6:38 minutes with 3/3 score. Is the time taken more than what should be taken?
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Re: Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 00:31
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Hi riyarush2007, Welcome to GMAT Club! :-)

Based on the timing of verbal section, one has around 1.8 mins per question ( 36 questions in 65 mins)... so for 3 questions, one should aim for 5.4 mins or around 5 mins 24 secs.
Now, this is the ideal scenario - depending on the difficulty level and how you have managed time up unto the point you get the passage in the test you may have to speed up or slow down. So 6.38 is neither too fast nor too slow - the important pointer is you got 100% accuracy. Try to keep it that way while always keeping a 2 min average per question in mind while solving.

For verbal timing strategy & RC for beginners read - this & this great advice.

Happy learning!

riyarush2007 wrote:
Solving this RC took me exactly 6:38 minutes with 3/3 score. Is the time taken more than what should be taken?

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Re: Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 20:51
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4 mins 53 secs... got 2 out of 3. A good short passage with challenging questions.

The author of the passage believes that "legal documents are the best—indeed, often the only—available evidence about the economic and social history of a given period." and the passage then outlines why then it has taken so long for the legal documents of late 16th to early 18th century England to be studied. In explaining why the author points to two reasons - first, the extremely complex formal structure that presents a lot of difficulties in the study. Second, the wrong assumption that civil law back then only affected and involved few people and hence is not representative of social history in general. More civil cases were fought per capita back then as compared to today.


Detail question - pretty straightforward
The author of the passage mentions the occupations of those involved in civil litigation in early modern England most likely in order to

A) suggest that most historians' assumptions about the participants in the civil legal system during that period are probably correct opposite
B) support the theory that more people participated in the civil legal system than the criminal legal system in England during that period unnecessary comparison, one that is not made in the passage
C) counter the claim that legal issues reveal more about a country's ordinary citizens than about its elite opposite - also this comparison is not why the claim was made. A real world trap
D) illustrate the wide range of people who used the civil legal system in England during that period Perfect - the mention in the passage is with respect to bringing up this point
E) suggest that recent data on people who participated in early modern England's legal system may not be correct wrong.

Detail question - deals with the second reason why civil laws have not been studied
The author of the passage suggests which of the following about the "widespread assumption"?

A) Because it is true, the history of civil law is of as much interest to historians focusing on general social history as to those specializing in legal history. again, unnecessary comparison
B) Because it is inaccurate, the history of civil law in early modern England should enrich the general historical scholarship of that period. Perfect - the author asserts that the widespread assumption is inaccurate and leads to civil law being not considered a proper representation of social history of that period
C) It is based on inaccurate data about the propertied male elite of early modern England. no inaccurate data is mentioned
D) It does not provide a plausible explanation for historians' failure to study the civil law of early modern England. 180 opposite.
E) It is based on an analogy with criminal law in early modern England. criminal law is not mentioned at all

Tricky detail question - one that is not directly mentioned in the passage
The passage suggests that the history of criminal law in early modern England differs from the history of civil law during that same period in that the history of criminal law

A) is of more intellectual interest to historians and their readers Wrong - the second reason suggests that there is a wrong widespread assumption working against this point
B) has been studied more thoroughly by historians Correct answer by elimination
C) is more relevant to general social history TRAP - unnecessary comparison between the two
D) involves the study of a larger proportion of the population TRAP - again we do not know how many people were involved with criminal law - unnecessary comparison
E) does not require the mastery of an extremely formal system of procedures Not mentioned in the passage

Hope my answers are helpful. :-)
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Re: Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2019, 07:53
Hi expert,

I would like to ask for OE for question3.

Thank you.
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Re: Historian F. W. Maitland observed that legal document   [#permalink] 20 Mar 2019, 07:53
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