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If k is negative, which of the following must also be negative? A)

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Manager
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If k is negative, which of the following must also be negative? A)  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 17:54
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E

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94% (00:24) correct 6% (00:28) wrong based on 65 sessions

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If k is negative, which of the following must also be negative?


A) (-k)^2


B) (-1) k


C) 1 - k


D) k + 1


E) k - 1
Manager
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Re: If k is negative, which of the following must also be negative? A)  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 18:01
alanforde800Maximus wrote:
If k is negative, which of the following must also be negative?



A) (-k)^2 -> (+ve)^2 -> +ve.

B) (-1) k -> (-ve)*(-ve) -> +ve.

C) 1 - k -> 1-(-ve) -> 1+ve -> +ve.

D) k + 1 -> (-ve)+1 -> Can be -ve or +ve depending on value of k.

E) k - 1 -> (-ve)-1 -> -ve-1 -> always -ve.

Answer: (E).
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Re: If k is negative, which of the following must also be negative? A)  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 19:00
alanforde800Maximus wrote:
If k is negative, which of the following must also be negative?

A) (-k)^2
B) (-1) k
C) 1 - k
D) k + 1
E) k - 1


Be aware if it is not mentioned that variable is integer it can be fraction/integer/irrational number
If you substitute -1/2 with all options, only E will give you negative number. Answer (E)
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If k is negative, which of the following must also be negative? A)  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 08:56
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alanforde800Maximus wrote:
If k is negative, which of the following must also be negative?


A) (-k)^2


B) (-1) k


C) 1 - k


D) k + 1


E) k - 1


NOTE: this is one of those questions that require us to check/test each answer choice. In these situations, always check the answer choices from E to A, because the correct answer is typically closer to the bottom than to the top.

For more on this strategy, see my article: http://www.gmatprepnow.com/articles/han ... -questions

So, beginning with E...

E) k - 1
If we think of the number line, we know that, since k is NEGATIVE, it lies to the LEFT of zero on the number line.
When we subtract 1, we move one unit (space) to the LEFT.
So, since k already lies to the left of zero on the number line, when we move one more space to the left, we will STILL BE left of zero on the number line
This means k-1 must be negative.

Answer: E

Cheers,
Brent
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