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# In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"

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In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"  [#permalink]

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07 May 2015, 13:29
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53% (01:35) correct 47% (01:36) wrong based on 337 sessions

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In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry", the desire to have what another person wants generates violence that is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious institution of sacrifice.

A) violence that is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious

B) violence, that is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into religion's

C) violence, which is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious

D) violence which is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into religion

E) a violence, which is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious

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Re: In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"  [#permalink]

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16 May 2015, 23:40
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Any expert please throw light on this ??

Why C is correct and A is incorrect ?

And some info about ..... that Vs which uses.

The basic concept tested here is information presentation. The most important information is presented in a main clause and the lesser important information are presented in subordinate clauses. Further, information in the subordinate clauses can be categorized as essential or non-essential e.g essential modifier vs. non-essential modifier. If you notice option A, you will see that the option suggests a specific type of 'violence that is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious'. This phrase suggests that this is a specific type of violence than other types of violence and this type of violence is identified within the sentence. This meaning is absurd. The sentence just intended to refer to general violence by using the generic uncountable noun 'violence'. Had this violence been identified in the sentence separately as a specific type of violence such as "the violence" etc. then the usage of 'that' and restrictive clause would have been justified. But, by looking at the construction of the sentence this meaning does not seem to be intended by the author. Hence, the final subordinate clause is a non-essential modifier. Hence option C
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Re: In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"  [#permalink]

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07 May 2015, 13:46
would love to see how A is different from C.
anyone can explain why that is incorrect and which is good?
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Re: In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"  [#permalink]

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07 May 2015, 13:56
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mvictor wrote:
would love to see how A is different from C.
anyone can explain why that is incorrect and which is good?

The issue here is defining clauses. The pronoun that can just be used for defining clauses. In this statement there is no definin clause since the statement would also be fine without the additional information.

Therefore you have to use which for the relative non defining clause.

Hope that's clear
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Re: In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"  [#permalink]

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16 May 2015, 10:09
Any expert please throw light on this ??

Why C is correct and A is incorrect ?

And some info about ..... that Vs which uses.
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In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"  [#permalink]

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16 May 2015, 21:44
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1
A) violence that is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious
this is extra information, should be which instead of that

B) violence, that is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into religion's
wrong relative pronoun usage

D) violence which is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into religion
wrong relative clause pronoun usage

E) a violence, which is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious[/quote]
violence is uncountable, article "a" should not be used

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Re: In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2019, 10:25
Hello experts,

Could someone please provide some help regarding this one? Why is A wrong?
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Re: In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2019, 15:16
UNSTOPPABLE12 wrote:
Hello experts,

Could someone please provide some help regarding this one? Why is A wrong?

I also have a question as to why a non-essential modifier is okay here. Isn't her theory two parts? Part one being jealousy leads to violence and part 2 being that violence is reflective of sacrifice. I may have misinterpreted the meaning and then which makes more sense.
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In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2019, 15:27
1
reto wrote:
In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry", the desire to have what another person wants generates violence that is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious institution of sacrifice.

Seems like most people have an easy time narrowing it down to A & C.

A) violence that is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious

The reason this option is incorrect is because we aren't discussing a specific violence. If we wanted to specify a particular kind of violence, we would need to re-write this option as follows:

reto wrote:
In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry", the desire to have what another person wants generates a violence that is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious institution of sacrifice.

Without this modification, we're discussing "Violence" as a general term, and in that case an essential modifier would not be correct.

C) violence, which is channeled by the "scapegoat mechanism" into the religious

Cleans up (A) quite well and flows nicely.
In anthropologist René Girard's theory of "mimetic rivalry"   [#permalink] 08 Aug 2019, 15:27
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