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# Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer

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Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2015, 11:24
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

64% (01:58) correct 36% (02:06) wrong based on 532 sessions

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Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer from temper tantrums in classrooms. Most of these temper tantrums are preceded by the child experiencing a growing aggravation. The use of a new learning-conducive medication can prevent up to 80% of these aggravation-spawned temper tantrums by limiting the rise in heart rate, a psychosomatic facilitator of a strong sense of aggravation.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the view that it would NOT be advisable to treat children with the new learning-conducive medication?

A) Many emotional states conducive to learning are preceded by a rise in heart rate.
B) Medical research has proven that twenty percent of aggravation-related temper tantrums continue to occur when a child uses the medication.
C) Since the medication is only efficient for 8 hours, the child will have to take the medication daily to avoid temper tantrums.
D) Though tried on an initial reference group, it will take years until large scale production is available.
E) Some of the temper tantrums can be addressed through calming the child by a teacher's aid.

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Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2015, 13:01
2
Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer from temper tantrums in classrooms.

Most of these temper tantrums are preceded by the child experiencing a growing aggravation. (aggravation comes before temper tantrums)

The use of a new learning-conducive medication can prevent up to 80% of these aggravation-spawned temper tantrums by limiting the rise in heart rate, a psychosomatic facilitator of a strong sense of aggravation.
(Limiting rise in heart rate reduces aggravation which thereby reduces Tantrums)

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the view that it would NOT be advisable to treat children with the new learning-conducive medication? (we should support against the plan of medication)

A) Many emotional states conducive to learning are preceded by a rise in heart rate.
(if we limit the rise in heart rate with medication then it may hamper child's ability to learn.Weakener)

B) Medical research has proven that twenty percent of aggravation-related temper tantrums continue to occur when a child uses the medication.(Even when the child uses medication 20% continue to occur then it may not very effective. Weakener)

C) Since the medication is only efficient for 8 hours, the child will have to take the medication daily to avoid temper tantrums.
(This is not the point of discussion.)

D) Though tried on an initial reference group, it will take years until large scale production is available.(It should be available whether large or small is out of scope.)

E) Some of the temper tantrums can be addressed through calming the child by a teacher's aid.(This is only regarding few cases. We cant generalize this statement.)

Harley1980 Can you please explain why A is right and B is wrong
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Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2015, 13:14
Mechmeera wrote:
Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer from temper tantrums in classrooms.

Most of these temper tantrums are preceded by the child experiencing a growing aggravation. (aggravation comes before temper tantrums)

The use of a new learning-conducive medication can prevent up to 80% of these aggravation-spawned temper tantrums by limiting the rise in heart rate, a psychosomatic facilitator of a strong sense of aggravation.
(Limiting rise in heart rate reduces aggravation which thereby reduces Tantrums)

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the view that it would NOT be advisable to treat children with the new learning-conducive medication? (we should support against the plan of medication)

A) Many emotional states conducive to learning are preceded by a rise in heart rate.
(if we limit the rise in heart rate with medication then it may hamper child's ability to learn.Weakener)

B) Medical research has proven that twenty percent of aggravation-related temper tantrums continue to occur when a child uses the medication.(Even when the child uses medication 20% continue to occur then it may not very effective. Weakener)

C) Since the medication is only efficient for 8 hours, the child will have to take the medication daily to avoid temper tantrums.
(This is not the point of discussion.)

D) Though tried on an initial reference group, it will take years until large scale production is available.(It should be available whether large or small is out of scope.)

E) Some of the temper tantrums can be addressed through calming the child by a teacher's aid.(This is only regarding few cases. We cant generalize this statement.)

Harley1980 Can you please explain why A is right and B is wrong

Hello Mechmeera
I think that B is wrong because we have a lot of medicines that does not work for some percent of people.
Some people even have contraindications to some medicines but all thess facts can not be a reason to not advise these medications to people.

A is correct because it gives bad consequence for children: they will not be productive in learning after use these medications
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Re: Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2015, 21:12
1
Mechmeera

B) Medical research has proven that twenty percent of aggravation-related temper tantrums continue to occur when a child uses the medication
This means that 80% of tantrums was possible to be contained.

It is written in argument that "The use of a new learning-conducive medication can prevent up to 80% of these aggravation-spawned temper tantrums by limiting the rise in heart rate"

So it strengthens the plan that medication will work for children.
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Re: Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2018, 11:33
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Re: Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2018, 11:41
medication reduces temper tantrums BUT inhibits learning
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Re: Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2018, 19:01

OE:

This is a tricky question since the conclusion to be strengthened appears in the question stem, rather than as part of the argument. The last premise may be mistaken for a conclusion, but it is presented as factual data. To solve this Conclusion Strengthening question, let's first break down the argument:

Premise A: children suffer from tantrums preceded by growing aggravation
+
Premise B: the medication limits the heart rate
+
Premise C: as a result, 80% of the aggravation and following tantrums are prevented

Question Stem/Conclusion: the medicine should NOT be used

Strengthening Data: ?

You are required to find data that supports NOT treating children with the medication, or, in other words, that weakens the opinion that children should be treated with it.

This answer choice supports the view in the question stem. If the medication also prevents positive conditions characterized by an increased heart rate, then it wouldn't be advisable to use it as it defeats the purpose - helping children at school. Therefore, the conclusion NOT to treat children with the medication is strengthened.
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Re: Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2018, 03:35
B is not a new statement. The original question stem itself says success rate is 80%. So discard B.

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Re: Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer  [#permalink]

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19 May 2019, 12:22
Premise: Children aged 6-8 suffer from temper tantrum in classroom that is proceeded by growing aggravation.
New learning-conducive medication can prevent aggravation by limiting the rise in heart rate.

Pre-thinking: The purpose of the drug is to promote learning by limiting the rise in heart rate. Need to find an answer that will show that this won't be achieved and therefore it won't be advisable to treat the children with this medication.
Re: Many children in the public schooling system who are aged 6-8 suffer   [#permalink] 19 May 2019, 12:22
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