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# Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on

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SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1746
Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on  [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2018, 09:33
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00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

49% (01:06) correct 51% (01:14) wrong based on 159 sessions

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Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on their core businesses so as not to be hindered by over-diversification in the world marketplace.

A. so as not to be hindered by over-diversification

B. so that over-diversification would not hinder them

C. so that they will not have so much diversification to hinder them

D. and thereby not to be hindered by over-diversification

E. and there is not so much diversification to hinder them

_________________
Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
Intern
Joined: 10 Sep 2018
Posts: 44
Re: Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on  [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2018, 10:07
Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on their core businesses so as not to be hindered by over-diversification in the world marketplace.

A. so as not to be hindered by over-diversification

B. so that over-diversification would not hinder them

C. so that they will not have so much diversification to hinder them

D. and thereby not to be hindered by over-diversification

E. and there is not so much diversification to hinder them

I am confused between option A and B

A. so as not to be hindered by over-diversification- Seems like a OK colloquial usage , uses a passive construction i will not commit to it

B. so that over-diversification would not hinder them- rectifies the passive construction , conveys the correct meaning , seems like the real deal. the only thing here is the usage of would which suggests that the overdiversification is expected in future and the firms want to avoid it. nothing wrong with that - KEEP THIS

C. so that they will not have so much diversification to hinder them- this suggests that firms will have over diversification in order to hinder them . I dont even know what that means.

D. and thereby not to be hindered by over-diversification- usage of And to establish some sort parallelism is wrong here . there is nothing working with and

E. and there is not so much diversification to hinder them - same as option D

I marked B .

Lets see . i will wait for the experts
Intern
Joined: 04 Nov 2015
Posts: 37
Re: Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on  [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2018, 11:02
A for me ,in B would is not used with reference to the past.

Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2013
Posts: 105
Re: Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2018, 09:47
1
A for me too. In B, usage of would is incorrect.
Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2018
Posts: 173
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2018, 09:51
sandeep211986 wrote:
A for me ,in B would is not used with reference to the past.

Posted from my mobile device

Regards.
Arup
SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1746
Re: Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2018, 09:56
1
1

Question Explanation

This sentence is correct as written.

The underlined portion of the sentence contains the idiom, so as…to, so check to see if that idiom is correct. There appears to be no error in the original sentence, so keep choice A. Because there is no error in the original sentence, there are no obvious repeaters to look for, so evaluate the remaining answer choices individually looking for reasons to eliminate each.

Choice B contains a pronoun, them, which might refer to corporations, operations, or businesses, so this is a pronoun ambiguity error. Eliminate choice B. Choice C contains two pronouns, they and them, which again might refer to corporations, operations, or businesses, so this is another pronoun ambiguity error. Eliminate choice C. Choice D restructures the sentence to create an additional list. Are scaling and to be hindered are not parallel, so eliminate choice D. Choice E contains the pronoun them, which might refer to corporations, operations, or businesses, so this is a pronoun ambiguity error. Eliminate choice E.

Alternatively, if it is difficult to spot the grammar rule the sentence is testing, another strategy is to identify an error from the answers by looking for either a 2/3 split or differences among the answers. Because three of the answer choices use the preposition so and two of them use the conjunction and, this difference is an indication to look for parallel construction errors.

Choice A: Correct.

Choice B: No. The pronoun them is ambiguous. Pronoun ambiguity.

Choice C: No. The pronouns they and them are ambiguous. Pronoun ambiguity.

Choice D: No. The verb forms are scaling and to be hindered are not parallel. Parallel construction.

Choice E: No. The pronoun them is ambiguous. Pronoun ambiguity.

The correct answer is choice A.
_________________
Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
Manager
Joined: 22 Sep 2018
Posts: 249
Re: Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2018, 23:27
aragonn wrote:
Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on their core businesses so as not to be hindered by over-diversification in the world marketplace.

A. so as not to be hindered by over-diversification

B. so that over-diversification would not hinder them

C. so that they will not have so much diversification to hinder them

D. and thereby not to be hindered by over-diversification

E. and there is not so much diversification to hinder them

Reasoning:
B, C, E) Vague pronoun. Them could refer to companies or businesses
D) And conjunction doesn't make sense. Since "Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on their core businesses" results in the companies not being hindered. I think if D) removed the and the sentence would be fine since thereby means as a result
Re: Many corporations are scaling back their operations and focusing on   [#permalink] 06 Dec 2018, 23:27
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