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# Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne

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Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 05 Apr 2019, 04:42
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Question Stats:

35% (01:37) correct 65% (01:30) wrong based on 257 sessions

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Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witness, is a sacrifice that dignifies the life, consecrates the death, and comes at a cost, one’s life.

A. that dignifies the life, consecrates the death, and comes
B. that dignifies both the life and consecration of death, comes
C. that leads to dignity of the life and consecration of the death, comes
D. that both dignifies the life and consecrates the death, comes
E. that both dignifies the life and that consecrates the death, comes

Source: ExpertsGlobal

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Originally posted by broall on 05 Aug 2017, 22:01.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 Apr 2019, 04:42, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic.
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2017, 01:23
Reasoning

Dignifies the life and consecrates the death should modify martyrdom. Emphasis of the sentence is that Martyrdom comes at a cost.

Eliminate A.

B doesn't make sense.you cannot dignify --> life and dignify --> consecration of death . WRONG!

C. Preference to verb clause over noun clause. Eliminate C , keep D, E

E is incorrect martyrdom is a sacrifice that both dignifies the life

And

That consecrates the death.

Sacrifice that both dignifies the life doesn't make sense. Eliminate E.

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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2017, 01:23
I ll go with A.

If any mistake in A, I am unable to see that.

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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2017, 01:24
Wow, I totally ignored the independent clause in non-underlined part. Martyrdom "is" a sacrifice.

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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2017, 02:54
Listing 3 things that dignifies the life, consecrates the death, and comes

Hence A.
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2017, 11:16
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I chose A as well but the OA is D.

Can someone explain?
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2017, 08:24
I do not agree with the OA.

We have two verbs joined without an conjunction. This is not allowed on GMAT.

broall , please confirm OA once.
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2017, 08:39
abhimahna wrote:
I do not agree with the OA.

We have two verbs joined without an conjunction. This is not allowed on GMAT.

broall , please confirm OA once.

Confirm OA is D
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2017, 08:43
Hello GMATNinja ,

Can you please provide your inputs here? I am not sure how D could be correct. Do I have a concept gap here?

Thanks
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2017, 08:43
OE
Parallelism + Meaning

It is important to understand the meaning. The three clauses "dignifies the life", "consecrates the death", and "comes at a cost" do not play the same role and so should not be in A, B, and C structure. The intended meaning is that sacrifice that provides A and B comes at the cost of C.

A. Trap. Incorrect parallelism in "dignifies the life", "consecrates the death", and "comes at a cost".

B. "both" is misplaced; the two terms "both" refers to are not parallel. "dignifies....consecration of death" is an incorrect construction.

C. Wordy in "leads to dignity of the life and consecration of the death". We have a better, concise choice in D.

D. Correct. "Both X and Y" is the correct structure where X and Y are parallel. This aptly and concisely conveys the intended meaning.

E. The sentence is incorrect in the use of "that" before "consecrates the death".

D is the best answer choice.
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2017, 08:52
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Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witness, is a sacrifice that dignifies the life, consecrates the death, and comes at a cost, one’s life.

A. that dignifies the life, consecrates the death and comes---- The correct choice with proper // ism.
B. that dignifies both the life and consecration of death, comes --- 1. Change of meaning. 2. comma splice 3. 'both' is unwarranted
C. that leads to dignity of the life and consecration of the death, comes ---- a comma splice
D. that both dignifies the life and consecrates the death, comes --- 1. 'both' is irrelevant 2. a comma splice
E. that both dignifies the life and that consecrates the death, comes ------ a comma splice.

There are at least two errors in D. How come it is the OA? The source looks suspect.
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2017, 08:57
I 100% agree with what daagh Sir said.

broall , any inputs ? The answer can NEVER be D, bro.
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 15:53
broall wrote:
OE
Parallelism + Meaning

It is important to understand the meaning. The three clauses "dignifies the life", "consecrates the death", and "comes at a cost" do not play the same role and so should not be in A, B, and C structure. The intended meaning is that sacrifice that provides A and B comes at the cost of C.

A. Trap. Incorrect parallelism in "dignifies the life", "consecrates the death", and "comes at a cost".

B. "both" is misplaced; the two terms "both" refers to are not parallel. "dignifies....consecration of death" is an incorrect construction.

C. Wordy in "leads to dignity of the life and consecration of the death". We have a better, concise choice in D.

D. Correct. "Both X and Y" is the correct structure where X and Y are parallel. This aptly and concisely conveys the intended meaning.

E. The sentence is incorrect in the use of "that" before "consecrates the death".

D is the best answer choice.

Hey, could you kindly explain about the section that I have highlighted in your comment ? I thought the word 'THAT' in the sentence "Martyrdom,..., is a sacrifice THAT diginifies..." is an essential modifier. So it describes a list of characteristics of the sacrifice- 'coming at a cost' is one of them.

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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 17:55
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I'm not sure how "dignifies the life(X)", "consecrates the death(Y)", and "comes at a cost, one’s life" is parallel in original sentence.

Because dignifies personifies the life and similarly consecrates personifies the death. But come at cost doesn't do this. Instead it modifies both X and Y. As per this meaning, D seems to be correct.

But I think we will never get these kind of questions in GMAT. Since the original sentence may have written wrongly? I'm confused here too. GMATNinja please clarify.
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 04:07
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broall wrote:
Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witness, is a sacrifice that dignifies the life, consecrates the death, and comes at a cost, one’s life.

A. that dignifies the life, consecrates the death, and comes
B. that dignifies both the life and consecration of death, comes
C. that leads to dignity of the life and consecration of the death, comes
D. that both dignifies the life and consecrates the death, comes
E. that both dignifies the life and that consecrates the death, comes

Source: ExpertsGlobal

D makes no sense.

Try to read by hiding the non-essential modifiers.
Martyrdom is a sacrifice that both dignifies the life and consecrates the death, comes at a cost, one’s life. Where is the subject for "comes" ?

Changing the OA to A.
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2017, 07:58
D cannot be correct: if we remove the modifiers we get "Martyrdom is a sacrifice comes at a cost, one’s life"
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2017, 06:06
Gnpth wrote:
I'm not sure how "dignifies the life(X)", "consecrates the death(Y)", and "comes at a cost, one’s life" is parallel in original sentence.

Because dignifies personifies the life and similarly consecrates personifies the death. But come at cost doesn't do this. Instead it modifies both X and Y. As per this meaning, D seems to be correct.

But I think we will never get these kind of questions in GMAT. Since the original sentence may have written wrongly? I'm confused here too. GMATNinja please clarify.

agree with your reasoning that all three cannot be parallel but also D is wrong gramatically. May be its not the best source to practice from.

chetan2u sayantanc2k your thoughts on this!
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2018, 18:10
I am facing the same issue with the sentence.

Although I agree with the meaning emphasis- doesn't this become a run on dependent clause? - is a sacrifice that both _ and _, comes at a cost, one's life.

egmat and GMATNinja - Request your insights on this.
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2019, 04:38
AjiteshArun can you please brief how D is correct and A is wrong ?
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2019, 05:03
teaserbae wrote:
AjiteshArun can you please brief how D is correct and A is wrong ?
Option D has issues. You should tag one of the ExpertsGlobal instructors on this question.
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Re: Martyrdom, a word with its root in the Greek martur, which means witne   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2019, 05:03

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