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Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of Material K consists of x kilograms of Material A and y kilograms of Material B, is x > y ? (1) y > 4 (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of Material K is less than $40.
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Originally posted by alltimeacheiver on 11 Feb 2011, 02:26.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 Aug 2017, 00:16, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question and added the OA.




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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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11 Feb 2011, 03:50
alltimeacheiver wrote: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of material K consists of x kilograms of material A and y kilograms of material B, is x >y?
(1) y > 4 (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of material K is less than $40 Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of material K consists of x kilograms of material A and y kilograms of material B, is x >y?Given: x+y=10. Question: is x>y? (1) y > 4. Clearly insufficient: if y=4.5<x=5.5 the answer will be YES but if y=6>x=4 the answer will be NO. (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of material K is less than $40 > 3x+5y<40, as y=10x then: 3x+5(10x)<40 > 2x>10 > x>5, so x>y. Sufficient. Answer: B.
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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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16 Feb 2012, 08:47
The answer has to be B.
Let's setup the weighted average equation for this question:
\(x\) kilograms at 3$ per Kilogram \(y\) kilograms at 5$ per Kilogram Yields \(10\) kilograms at z$ per Kilogram We also know that \(x+y=10\) So Equation would be : \(3(x)+5(y)=10(z)\)
Now let's look at the statements:
Statement 1: \(y>4\)
Remember: \(x+y=10\) So: \(x\) could range between 0 and 6. Insufficient
Statement 2: Cost is \(<40\)
So \(3(x)+5(y)<40\) But \(x+y=10\) so \(x=10y\) So \(3(10y)+5(y)<40\) So \(302y+5y<40\) So \(2y<10\) So \(y<5\)
If \(y<5\) then \(x>5\) so \(x>y\) Sufficient
Hence B




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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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10 Mar 2011, 05:42
Material A cost 3$/kg and B cost 5$/kg. If 10 kg of material K consist of x kg of A and y kg of B, is x>y?
1 y>4
2 the cost of 10kg of K is less than $40.
Solution: 
1) Insufficient Material A cost 3$/kg and B cost 5$/kg x+y=10 and y>4 is all we have from statement 1. Since the total price is not fixed, (x,y) can be anything satisfying x+y=10 ....even (5,5) can't be wrong in this case
2) Sufficient Material A cost 3$/kg and B cost 5$/kg x+y=10 and the cost of 10kg of K is less than $40. Therefore, 3x+5y<40 => 3x+(10x)5<40 => 10<2x => 5<x So, x>5 and x+y=10 means x>y
Hope it helps !!!



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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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10 Mar 2011, 07:22
x = 10  y Rephrasing the question  Is x > y? or Is 10  y > y Is y < 5 ?1. Insufficient 2. Sufficient 3x + 5y < 40 3(10  y) + 4y < 40 2y < 10 Hence y < 5 Hence B. alltimeacheiver wrote: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of material K consists of x kilograms of material A and y kilograms of material B, is x > y? (1) y > 4 (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of material K is less than $40



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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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13 Jun 2013, 02:15
Bumping for review and further discussion*. Get a kudos point for an alternative solution! *New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE
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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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15 Jun 2013, 14:13
alltimeacheiver wrote: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of Material K consists of x kilograms of Material A and y kilograms of Material B, is x > y ?
(1) y > 4 (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of Material K is less than $40. Material K cost "C" can be found out by calculating C= (3*x+5*y)/10 Now the cost C will be close to Material A cost if x is more than y and vice versa from St 1 we have y>4 For eg y=5, x=5 Cost of Material K will be $4/kg (in between price of Material A and Material B) now if x=4,y=6 ,Cost of material K will be be $ 4.2/kg if x=1,y=9 then Cost of material will be 4.8$ per kg but if we take y=4 and x=6 we get cost of material K as $ 3.8 per kg less than $ 4 which would have been the price had both material A and B were added equally. Therefore if x>y we should have price of Material K < $ 4kg Hence St1 alone not sufficient as we can have x=y or x<y St 2, The cost of the 10 kilograms of Material K is less than $40.[/quote] Cost of Material per kg <$4 which meets our above requirement which means x>y Therefore ans st B
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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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28 Nov 2015, 04:50
Bunuel wrote: alltimeacheiver wrote: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of material K consists of x kilograms of material A and y kilograms of material B, is x >y?
(1) y > 4 (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of material K is less than $40 Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of material K consists of x kilograms of material A and y kilograms of material B, is x >y?Given: x+y=10. Question: is x>y? (1) y > 4. Clearly insufficient: if y=4.5<x=5.5 the answer will be YES but if y=6>x=4 the answer will be NO. (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of material K is less than $40 > 3x+5y<40, as y=10x then: 3x+5(10x)<40 > 2x>10 > x>5, so x>y. Sufficient. Answer: B. Hi...If in the question it is mentioned that x and y are integers, then will the answer be D? because it will lead to contradiction that 'x is not greater than y' or will still answer be b because (there is no clarity whether x may be equal to y or may be less than y'?



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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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28 Nov 2015, 07:59
Alok322 wrote: Bunuel wrote: alltimeacheiver wrote: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of material K consists of x kilograms of material A and y kilograms of material B, is x >y?
(1) y > 4 (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of material K is less than $40 Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of material K consists of x kilograms of material A and y kilograms of material B, is x >y?Given: x+y=10. Question: is x>y? (1) y > 4. Clearly insufficient: if y=4.5<x=5.5 the answer will be YES but if y=6>x=4 the answer will be NO. (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of material K is less than $40 > 3x+5y<40, as y=10x then: 3x+5(10x)<40 > 2x>10 > x>5, so x>y. Sufficient. Answer: B. Hi...If in the question it is mentioned that x and y are integers, then will the answer be D? because it will lead to contradiction that 'x is not greater than y' or will still answer be b because (there is no clarity whether x may be equal to y or may be less than y'? If we were told that x and y are integers then y > 4 (5, 6, 7, ...) together with x + y = 10, would be sufficient to say that x is NOT greater than y. But in this case the question would be flawed because the statements would contradict each other which never happens in proper GMAT DS questions. Hope it's clear.
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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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23 Dec 2015, 07:42
Thank you Buennel!
Very important point since i came here with the same problem and i pulled my hair over this for a solid 20 minutes.
If you simplify (2) it results in y < 5. While (1) says that y > 4.
Contradicting? No. We might think its contradictory if we assume that the qty involved are integers (common mistake, since qty usually are).
Do note that the question does not say that x or y are integers. And it is for this reason, otherwise, the question would logically be incorrect.
My takeaway: 1) Always remember that GMAT statements are never contradictory 2) If at some point, it seems like they are contradicting, it could mean a) i've done it incorrectly b) they aren't contradicting in the first place! :p 3) In such WP questions, ask yourself, are the quantities divisible into decimals?



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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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16 Mar 2016, 07:35
alltimeacheiver wrote: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of Material K consists of x kilograms of Material A and y kilograms of Material B, is x > y ?
(1) y > 4 (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of Material K is less than $40. Responding to a pm: Quote: In solving the B part of this question (like in many situation i have faced) 3[5]+5[5]=15+25="40<40" This is my question: [Q1] Can we ever take 40<40 ie x<x when x is same number. Similarly x>x and so on in GMAT?
To be honest, I am not sure what your question means. 40 < 40 is not correct and neither is x < x since both are equal. And no, x > x doesn't work either. If they are the same number, one cannot be greater than the other. You might want to show me the steps of where you come across this problem.
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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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05 Apr 2017, 10:35
I have a question,
the question provide 10=x+y, it's about the weight
but it doesn't mean 3x+5y<40 (money), cuz 40=10k, we don't know the unit price of k, so i don't think it's right.
Is there anything wrong of me? I was confused a litte...hehe



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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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05 Apr 2017, 11:34
dxhzhu wrote: I have a question,
the question provide 10=x+y, it's about the weight
but it doesn't mean 3x+5y<40 (money), cuz 40=10k, we don't know the unit price of k, so i don't think it's right.
Is there anything wrong of me? I was confused a litte...hehe x + y = 10 equation (1) from stmt2 we can say 3x + 5y < 40 multiply equation (1) by 3 and you get 3x + 3y = 30 3x + 5y < 40 (to subtract the below equation, consider < as = sign) 3x + 3y = 30 2y < 10 (isnt it? because if you subtract 30 from somthing less than 40 then you get something less than 10) hence y < 5, it means x > y because x + y = 10 so B is correct. Hope your doubt is clear.
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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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29 Aug 2017, 12:13
alltimeacheiver wrote: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram. If 10 kilograms of Material K consists of x kilograms of Material A and y kilograms of Material B, is x > y ?
(1) y > 4 (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of Material K is less than $40. The question can solved using weighted average concept easily without pen and paper calculation i.e can be solved within 30 seconds.
10kg of mixture uses x kg of Material A and y kg of Material B. If both X and Y are equal, the cost of the 10kg of material K will be right in the middle of $30 and $50 i.e. at $40. But using stmt B, 10kg of K costs less than $40 dollars i.e. the cost shift towards $30. Hence clearly the quantity of X is more and Y. Hence B is sufficient. I hope that helps.
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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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23 Oct 2017, 05:19
mixture price is less than 40/10  rs 4 per kg
between 3 and 5 if less than 4 then it contains more x thats all simple



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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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01 May 2018, 23:06
(1) y > 4 here difference cases possible: a) x= 5.5, y = 4.5 : x>y b) x=y=5 : x=y c) x= 4, y =6 : x<y so it is not sufficient. (2) The cost of the 10 kilograms of Material K is less than $40. it means the cost per kg of mixture = 40/10 =4. which is the average of cost of individual ingredients : (5+3)/2 = 4 hence if if both x = y , unit cost of mixture = 4 Since unit cost of mixture is less than 4, the ingredient of lesser cost is present in higher proportion. Hence , x>y Sufficient. Answer B
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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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30 May 2018, 08:25
Hi, 1 doubt... no where in the question it is mentioned that material K consists only of material A and B. What if it has some other type of material as well ? Is this a OG question? Thanks Dpz



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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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30 May 2018, 08:39
Hi "If 10 kilograms of Material K consists of x kilograms of Material A and y kilograms of Material B"It means that mixture has only 2 components A & B. Consists of  to be made of or formed from something:Source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/consistofsthIt gives all the constituents. Example:If a Box contains 2 black and 3 white balls. We are not sure whether balls of other colors are present in the box. But if a Box comprises/consists of 2 black and 3 white balls, it is certain that no other ball is in the box. If you have seen any Official question testing your point of concern , please post here. 2) Yes it is an OG Question. Dpzskr wrote: Hi, 1 doubt... no where in the question it is mentioned that material K consists only of material A and B. What if it has some other type of material as well ? Is this a OG question? Thanks Dpz
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Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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Updated on: 03 Sep 2019, 16:36
It's clear what the correct answer choice is and how to solve this problem. I think this question is odd though. Typically the 2 DS statements do not contrast each other; whereas, in this question, the two statements cannot both be right. Interesting. And as Bunuel pointed out here below, this rule was actually not violated since the two statements can both be right as x and y do not have to be integers.
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Re: Material A costs $3 per kilogram, and Material B costs $5 per kilogram
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01 Sep 2019, 20:57
HanoiGMATtutor wrote: It's clear what the correct answer choice is and how to solve this problem. I think this question is odd. Typically the 2 DS statements do not contrast each other; whereas, in this question, the two statements cannot both be right. Interesting. Actually the statements do not contradict each other. Consider x = 5.5 and y = 4.5. The would contradict if we assume that a and y are integers but we are not told that they are.
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