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Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always bee

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Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always bee  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Sep 2019, 21:32
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 98, Date : 21-MAR-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always been more popular than the Iliad, perhaps because it includes more features of mythology that are accessible to readers. Its subject (to use Maynard Mack's categories) is "life-as-spectacle," for readers, diverted by its various incidents, observe its hero Odysseus primarily from without; the tragic Iliad, however, presents "life-experience": readers are asked to identify with the mind of Achilles, whose motivations render him a not particularly likable hero. In addition, the Iliad, more than the Odyssey, suggests the complexity of the gods' involvement in human actions, and to the extent that modern readers find this complexity a needless complication, the Iliad is less satisfying than the Odyssey, with its simpler scheme of divine justice. Finally, since the Iliad presents a historically verifiable action, Troy's siege, the poem raises historical questions that are absent from the Odyssey's blithely imaginative world.
1. The author uses Mack's "categories" most probably in order to

(A) argue that the Iliad should replace the Odyssey as the more popular poem
(B) indicate Mack's importance as a commentator on the Iliad and the Odyssey
(C) suggest one way in which the Iliad and the Odyssey can be distinguished
(D) point out some of the difficulties faced by readers of the Iliad and the Odyssey
(E) demonstrate that the Iliad and the Odyssey can best be distinguished by comparing their respective heroes


Spoiler: :: OA
C

2. The author suggests that the variety of incidents in the Odyssey is likely to deter the reader from.

(A) concentrating on the poem's mythological features
(B) concentrating on the psychological states of the poem's central character
(C) accepting the explanations that have been offered for the poem's popularity
(D) accepting the poem's scheme of divine justice
(E) accepting Maynard Mack's theory that the poem's subject is "life-as-spectacle"


Spoiler: :: OA
B

3. The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) distinguishing arguments
(B) applying classifications
(C) initiating a debate
(D) resolving a dispute
(E) developing a contrast

Spoiler: :: OA
E


4. It can be inferred from the passage that a reader of the Iliad is likely to have trouble identifying with the poem's hero for which of the following reasons?

(A) The hero is eventually revealed to be unheroic.
(B) The hero can be observed by the reader only from without.
(C) The hero's psychology is not historically verifiable.
(D) The hero's emotions often do not seem appealing to the reader.
(E) The hero's emotions are not sufficiently various to engage the reader's attention

Spoiler: :: OA
D



Source: GRE Official Material
Difficulty Level: 650

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Originally posted by carcass on 09 Mar 2019, 04:56.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 20 Sep 2019, 21:32, edited 3 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (592).
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Re: Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always bee  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2019, 04:59
4
1. The author uses Mack's "categories" most probably in order to

(A) argue that the Iliad should replace the Odyssey as the more popular poem - Incorrect, nothing about replacement in the entier passage, OOS
(B) indicate Mack's importance as a commentator on the Iliad and the Odyssey - Incorrect, Mack word was used only once, in the entier passage. No talk on importance
(C) suggest one way in which the Iliad and the Odyssey can be distinguished- hold, yes, they did talk about mythological and tragic v/s no tragic
(D) point out some of the difficulties faced by readers of the Iliad and the Odyssey - Incorrect, Difficulties faced by readers of Iliad, not Odyssey. That one was perfectly fine
(E) demonstrate that the Iliad and the Odyssey can best be distinguished by comparing their respective heroes - Incorrect, Heroes? Nothing much, moreover the writing of the poem was compared.
Answer-C

2. The author suggests that the variety of incidents in the Odyssey is likely to deter the reader from.

deter - discourage someone from doing something
This seems like an EXCEPT question, all the 4 statements will be mentioned in the passage properly or given supporting statements to it, except which one.

(A) concentrating on the poem's mythological features - the Odyssey has always been more popular than the Iliad, perhaps because it includes more features of mythology that are accessible to readers. , Stated so, Incorrect
(B) concentrating on the psychological states of the poem's central character - the tragic Iliad, however, presents "life-experience": readers are asked to identify with the mind of Achilles, whose motivations render him a not particularly likable hero, Character of Iliad is stated, but nothing about Odyssey. So, hold this choice
(C) accepting the explanations that have been offered for the poem's popularity - Clearly stated, Incorrect.
because it includes more features of mythology that are accessible to readers
In addition, the Iliad, more than the Odyssey, suggests the complexity of the gods' involvement in human actions, and to the extent that modern readers find this complexity a needless complication

(D) accepting the poem's scheme of divine justice - Stated, the Iliad is less satisfying than the Odyssey, with its simpler scheme of divine justice
(E) accepting Maynard Mack's theory that the poem's subject is "life-as-spectacle" - Stated, hence, Incorrect. Its subject (to use Maynard Mack's categories) is "life-as-spectacle," for readers, diverted by its various incidents, observe its hero Odysseus
Answer- B


3. The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) distinguishing arguments - There are no arguments, just providing difference between the two poems, Incorrect
(B) applying classifications - Classifications on what? , Incorrect
(C) initiating a debate - No one is opposing the facts stated in the passage, Incorrect
(D) resolving a dispute - There are no arguments in the passage or counteract opinions by the author, Incorrect
(E) developing a contrast - Yes, Two different poems and why are they different, Hemce, Correct
Answer- E

4. It can be inferred from the passage that a reader of the Iliad is likely to have trouble identifying with the poem's hero for which of the following reasons?

(A) The hero is eventually revealed to be unheroic. - not a particularly likable hero does not mean it's unheroic, Incorrect
(B) The hero can be observed by the reader only from without. - this statement is more concerned about the Odyssey, Incorrect
(C) The hero's psychology is not historically verifiable. - since the Iliad presents a historically verifiable action, it's actions are questioned, Incorrect
(D) The hero's emotions often do not seem appealing to the reader. - the Iliad is less satisfying than the Odyssey, with its simpler scheme of divine justice. , because it's less satisfying, hence, it's less appealing , Correct
(E) The hero's emotions are not sufficiently various to engage the reader's attention - The passage is not concerned about the reader's attention, Incorrect
Answer- D

This is my first post. I hope my explanations are right, feel free to correct me. Apologise in advance if I have made any error in understanding.
I am struggling with RC, right now and I hope to improve. I am open to all suggestions.
1. I am trying to improve my mapping
2. I need help as I miss out terms in the passage and thus, I choose wrong answers. Let me know what I should do to improve it.
I want to score above 700+. I don't have people around me to advise me on GMAT. I would be grateful for any sort of help.
Thank you in advance.
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Re: Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always bee  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2019, 03:30
hi, i some how have different answers for the same question . Can you please explain this question and official answers. I doubt these are wrong
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Re: Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always bee  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2019, 16:10
Hello carcass,
Can you please post OE for question 2?

Thank you!
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Re: Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always bee  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2019, 22:03
For Question 1, I chose option E. But by re-looking it, I realized that by comparing respective heroes in option E, makes it incorrect.
Instead what the author is trying is to compare the 2 poems by bringing up the Mack's categories, to distinguish. Hence option C, is correct.
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New post 21 Sep 2019, 22:11
For Question 3, I chose option A. By re-looking, I realize that there are no arguments. But the author is trying to show a contrast of the 2 poems.
Option B- There are no classifications which are talked about.
Option C- The author is not trying to debate. He is just putting forth the ideas for both sides. No where he is siding with..
Option D- There is no dispute in the passage
Option E- There a contrast between the 2 poems. The author starts of with telling about the popularity and then goes on to tell ideas which are contrasting to both the poems. Hence, he is indeed developing a contrast. So, this option is correct.
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Re: Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always bee  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 11:23
can anyone explain me the answer of question 2? I can't find the clue in the passage. I selected E.
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Re: Of Homer's two epic poems, the Odyssey has always bee   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2019, 11:23
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