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Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent

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Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2015, 02:21
6
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A
B
C
D
E

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(N/A)

Question Stats:

58% (01:24) correct 42% (01:44) wrong based on 302 sessions

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Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, was suspended in 1759 by decree of the French government, after which work continued in secret until completion of the opus in 1772.


A. which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot,

B. which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and

C. meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and

D. meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, which was begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and

E. meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought and begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and it

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Re: Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2015, 04:28
Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, was suspended in 1759 by decree of the French government, after which work continued in secret until completion of the opus in 1772.


which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, >> missing coordinating conjunction

which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and >>> meaning intact and grammatically correct

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and >>> "begun is past participle " - began is correct

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, which was begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and >> 'was began' wrong, makes it passive

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought and begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and it >> pronoun ambiguity
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Re: Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2015, 05:43
3
1
which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, ----- a run-on

which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and -------- good enough

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and ---- The first part is a fragment without a verb; therefore unparallel too.

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, which was begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and – which wrongly refers to thought rather the publication

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought and begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and it -- First part is fragment
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Re: Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2015, 11:21
daagh wrote:
which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, ----- a run-on

which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and -------- good enough

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and ---- The first part is a fragment without a verb; therefore unparallel too.

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, which was begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and – which wrongly refers to thought rather the publication

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought and begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and it -- First part is fragment


Hi,

can you explain a bit more further what is wrong with A i.e. why the "and" is necessary? Thanks!
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Re: Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2015, 13:24
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noTh1ng wrote:
daagh wrote:
which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, ----- a run-on

which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and -------- good enough

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and ---- The first part is a fragment without a verb; therefore unparallel too.

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, which was begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and – which wrongly refers to thought rather the publication

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought and begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and it -- First part is fragment


Hi,

can you explain a bit more further what is wrong with A i.e. why the "and" is necessary? Thanks!


A is wrong because it creates a so called run-on sentence. You need to study the theory of run-on sentences and what it means for GMAT questions. You will find this here:

http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/run-on-sen ... questions/

Maybe it would be best for you to stop reading here and read the article, then try to answer the question again.

Does that help?
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Re: Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2015, 14:24
noTh1ng wrote:
daagh wrote:
which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, ----- a run-on

which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and -------- good enough

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and ---- The first part is a fragment without a verb; therefore unparallel too.

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, which was begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and – which wrongly refers to thought rather the publication

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought and begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and it -- First part is fragment


Hi,

can you explain a bit more further what is wrong with A i.e. why the "and" is necessary? Thanks!


You have structure similar to : Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, was suspended in 1759 by decree of the French government, after which work continued in secret until completion of the opus in 1772.

You can write the above sentence as: subject, modifier, verb 1, modifier, verb 2 ...

It is ungrammatical to mention 2 verbs with just a comma as doing so leads to a run-on sentence.

Example, John plays in the park, sings the song. The verbs plays and sings are separated only by a comma and can be corrected by writing it as : John plays in the park and sings the song.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2015, 02:18
Begun v/s Began

Consider this sentence: I began learning french yesterday.

This means I'm still learning. The process began yesterday i.e. the process is still going. This "simple past" form of the verb "Begin" does not need an auxilliary verb. He had began is a wrong sentence structure. I came across the following which might be of help:

"In modern English “began” is the simple past tense of “begin“ he began to study for the test at midnight.” But the past participle form—preceded by a helping verb—is “begun“By morning, he had begun to forget everything he'd studied that night.”"
Source: https://public.wsu.edu/~brians/errors/began.html

Coming to the sentence:

Based on begun v/s began, we can eliminate C,D,E - since the encycolpedia was published; it is not published any more.

Let's look at option A

Publication of the French Encyclopédie,which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751,first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, was suspended in 1759 by decree of the French government, after which work continued in secret until completion of the opus in 1772. This makes no sense It is an example of a run on sentence. There is a need of a conjunction here.

Option B uses 'and'

Please let me know if this approach is correct. I m struggling with progressing from a v35 to v 40.
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Re: Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2015, 03:01
hdwnkr
Hi
your approach is in correct lines.Keep it up
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Re: Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2016, 18:19
reto wrote:
Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, was suspended in 1759 by decree of the French government, after which work continued in secret until completion of the opus in 1772.


let's understand the meaning:
the publication of FE began in 1751.
FE was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought
the publication was first under editorship of JP de G de M and later under editorship of DD.
the publication was suspended in 1759 by decree of FG.
after the decree, the work continued in secret until completion of the opus in 1772.


which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot,
we have 2 verbs that refer to the same subject yet not connected properly. we would need eiter a connector to give a new IC or a connector to connect both verbs.

which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and
B rectifies the only mistake in A, so this is the correct answer.

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and
1 error - begun - not a verb.
2 error - and was suspended - does not have any preceded verb. so incorrect.

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, which was begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and
which was begun - now incorrectly refers to Enlightenment thought. the thought did not begin under the editorship of X and Y...
and - seems to connect 2 verbs, but there is no verb before and.

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought and begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and it
before and - there is no active verb. "and it" introduces a new clause. so we have a classic missing SV error

B looks the best. I picked B.
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Re: Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2018, 13:59
reto wrote:
Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, was suspended in 1759 by decree of the French government, after which work continued in secret until completion of the opus in 1772.


which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot,run on

which was meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, began in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, andCorrect option

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, andno verb

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought, which was begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, andmodifier issue

meant to represent the best of Enlightenment thought and begun in 1751, first under the editorship of Jean-Paul de Gua de Malves and later under that of Denis Diderot, and it
no verb
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Re: Publication of the French Encyclopédie, which was meant to represent &nbs [#permalink] 25 Sep 2018, 13:59
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