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QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars

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QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2018, 23:55
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 236: Critical Reasoning


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A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars per day on private vehicles entering the city, claiming that the fee will alleviate the city's traffic congestion. The mayor reasons that, since the fee will exceed the cost of round-trip bus fare from many nearby points, many people will switch from using their cars to using the bus.

Which of the following statements, if true, provides the best evidence that the mayor's reasoning is flawed?

(A) Projected increases in the price of gasoline will increase the cost of taking private vehicle into the city.

(B) The cost of parking fees already makes it considerable more expensive for most people to take a private vehicle into the city than to take a bus.

(C) Most of the people currently riding the bus do not own private vehicles.

(D) Many commuters opposing the mayor's plan have indicated that they would rather endure traffic congestion than pay a five dollar per day fee.

(E) During the average workday, private vehicles owned and operated by people living within the city account for twenty percent of the city's traffic congestion.

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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2018, 01:13
B should be the answer.
If people are already paying higher for using vehicles than taking the bus, then price is not the issue here.
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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2018, 01:38
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IMO, B. If current fees are already considerably expensive, then perhaps there are other reasons for people to take a private vehicle into the city such as odd timings, comfort or car pooling. Money is not sole reason, which weaknes the argument.

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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2018, 01:43
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A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars per day on private vehicles entering the city, claiming that the fee will alleviate the city's traffic congestion. The mayor reasons that, since the fee will exceed the cost of round-trip bus fare from many nearby points, many people will switch from using their cars to using the bus.

Which of the following statements, if true, provides the best evidence that the mayor's reasoning is flawed?

(A) Projected increases in the price of gasoline will increase the cost of taking private vehicle into the city. --The increase in price coupled with 5 dollar fee will strengthen the argument.

(B) The cost of parking fees already makes it considerable more expensive for most people to take a private vehicle into the city than to take a bus. --Correct. If the peopleare already paying extra then paying 5 more dollars will not impact them.

(C) Most of the people currently riding the bus do not own private vehicles. --Out of scope

(D) Many commuters opposing the mayor's plan have indicated that they would rather endure traffic congestion than pay a five dollar per day fee. --To enter the city they would need to pay 5 dollars. Out of scope

(E) During the average workday, private vehicles owned and operated by people living within the city account for twenty percent of the city's traffic congestion. --This would strengthen the argument since 80% are out of city vehicals.
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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2018, 21:06
Answer is B because commuters are already paying high car parking fees so these additional fees will not discourage them to stop using cars. While I understand choice B is the answer, can we talk about choice D here. In my view if commuters are ok with traffic congestion then they will pay the 5 USD fees. In this case also mayor's plan will be flawed. Can anyone help to discard choice D with more cofinidence ?
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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2018, 21:53
(A) Projected increases in the price of gasoline will increase the cost of taking private vehicle into the city - This strengthen the question.

(B) The cost of parking fees already makes it considerable more expensive for most people to take a private vehicle into the city than to take a bus - This statement says that the idea proposed by the mayor is already in place and ineffective - This weakens the argument. Correct

(C) Most of the people currently riding the bus do not own private vehicles - Out of scope

(D) Many commuters opposing the mayor's plan have indicated that they would rather endure traffic congestion than pay a five dollar per day fee - Out of scope

(E) During the average workday, private vehicles owned and operated by people living within the city account for twenty percent of the city's traffic congestion - Out of scope
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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 02:00
I think it is E, because only 20% are from city so 80% are using the buses or from other city who will not be discouraged by the price increase as it makes only the nearby bus trips cheaper

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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 12:39
Basically fee is instituted because it will incentivize people to switch from cars to bus -> therefore, reduce traffic congestion in the city
What piece of evidence will weaken the plan?
Will this fee actually not incentivize people? Is there a capacity for people to switch from cars to bus? Are there other factors that could impact willingness to switch from cars to bus? Are there other factors that influence traffic congestion (such as a lot of people fixing the roads or there are a lot of cows on the road)


Among all the answer choices, B, D, and E are cotenders


(B) The cost of parking fees already makes it considerable more expensive for most people to take a private vehicle into the city than to take a bus.
This tell us that the impact of the fee will be minimal since most people dont take private vehicles into the city. So reducing the # of cars wont reduce traffic congestion (maybe the roads suck). Therefore, this is the closest evidence we can get that tells us that the plan wont end up working

(D) Many commuters opposing the mayor's plan have indicated that they would rather endure traffic congestion than pay a five dollar per day fee.
So the willingness to change is impacted. Okay, 6/10 folks would rather endure congestion, but then 4/10 might change and go on buses. This would reduce congestion. Note the word "many"

(E) During the average workday, private vehicles owned and operated by people living within the city account for twenty percent of the city's traffic congestion.
Close runner up due to the "relevance" aspect of the answer choice. So if they account for 20% of the congestion, wheres the other 80% coming from? If anything, we have the capability to change the 80% and have them switch to public transportation. This would reduce congestion and ends up strengthening the argument
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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 20:38
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The mayor concludes that the proposed fee of five dollars per day on private vehicles entering the city will alleviate the city's traffic congestion.

How does the mayor reach that conclusion?

  • "The fee will exceed the cost of round-trip bus fare from many nearby points" - So it will be cheaper to take the bus than to take your car and pay the fee.
  • According to the mayor, since the bus is the cheaper option, "many people will switch from using their cars to using the bus."
  • If many people switch from using their cars to using the bus, that should alleviate the city's traffic congestion (fewer vehicles on the roads).

The mayor believes that people will choose the cheaper option. Is that necessarily the case? Maybe there are other factors besides cost that affect commuters' transportation decisions.

We are looking for evidence that the mayor's logic is flawed:

Quote:
(A) Projected increases in the price of gasoline will increase the cost of taking private vehicle into the city.

If this is true, then people would have even greater financial incentive to take the bus. This would make the mayor's plan more likely to succeed. If gas prices were going to decrease, then the mayor might have a problem. As is, choice (A) does not describe a flaw in the mayor's reasoning. Eliminate (A).

Quote:
(B) The cost of parking fees already makes it considerable more expensive for most people to take a private vehicle into the city than to take a bus.

If the fee is implemented, the bus will certainly be the cheaper option. According to the mayor, this financial incentive will cause people to opt for the bus instead of taking their own private vehicles.

But choice (B) tells us that taking a private vehicle is ALREADY considerably more expensive than taking the bus. So the existing CONSIDERABLE financial incentive to take the bus is not enough to alleviate traffic. In that case, why should we expect that a small increase in the financial incentive will make people switch to the bus?

Sure, the $5 fee might be enough to persuade some people to switch to the bus. Everyone has their own "price point" for taking their own vehicle. Slightly increasing the cost of commuting by private vehicle might be enough to push some people over the edge.

But the mayor's entire argument rests on the power of financial incentive. Choice (B) shows that traffic congestion exists despite considerable financial incentive. This suggests that an incremental increase to the financial incentive will not be enough to convince MANY drivers to take the bus. Choice (B) doesn't prove that the mayor's plan will fail, but it certainly exposes a flaw in the mayor's reasoning. Keep (B).

Quote:
(C) Most of the people currently riding the bus do not own private vehicles.

The mayor doesn't care about people who already ride the bus. Will people who currently drive private vehicles switch to the bus if a $5 fee is implemented? Choice (C) does not provide evidence either way, so eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) Many commuters opposing the mayor's plan have indicated that they would rather endure traffic congestion than pay a five dollar per day fee.

Choice (D) tells us why many commuters oppose the mayor's plan. But commuters' opinion of the plan is irrelevant. If the plan is implemented, will many drivers switch to the bus (regardless of whether they are happy about it)? If so, then the mayor's plan will be a success. Choice (D) is irrelevant and can be eliminated.

Quote:
(E) During the average workday, private vehicles owned and operated by people living within the city account for twenty percent of the city's traffic congestion.

Obviously the mayor's plan will not affect the 20% who live in the city and drive their own vehicles. If this percentage were much higher, then (E) might demonstrate a flaw in the mayor's reasoning. But if only 20% fall into this category, then the fee will likely affect a large chunk of drivers from outside the city. If anything, this actually supports the mayor's reasoning. Eliminate (E).

(B) is the best answer.
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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2018, 23:22
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 236: Critical Reasoning


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A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars per day on private vehicles entering the city, claiming that the fee will alleviate the city's traffic congestion. The mayor reasons that, since the fee will exceed the cost of round-trip bus fare from many nearby points, many people will switch from using their cars to using the bus.

Which of the following statements, if true, provides the best evidence that the mayor's reasoning is flawed?

(A) Projected increases in the price of gasoline will increase the cost of taking private vehicle into the city.

(B) The cost of parking fees already makes it considerable more expensive for most people to take a private vehicle into the city than to take a bus.

(C) Most of the people currently riding the bus do not own private vehicles.

(D) Many commuters opposing the mayor's plan have indicated that they would rather endure traffic congestion than pay a five dollar per day fee.

(E) During the average workday, private vehicles owned and operated by people living within the city account for twenty percent of the city's traffic congestion.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

IMO B
i eliminated other options because of following reason:-
A is strengthening the mayor idea
B is correct
C out of scope
D opposing plan doesn't mean that plan is not effective
E Also strengthening major plan as we have chance to reduce congestion by at most 20%.
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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 04:56
(B) The cost of parking fees already makes it considerable more expensive for most people to take a private vehicle into the city than to take a bus.

while this works as a weakener by one line of reasoning...it can also work as something that supports the mayor's reasoning...
if people are already paying so much for parking, they might be reluctant to pay more in the form of an entry fee

what do you think?
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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2018, 08:15
ENEM wrote:
(B) The cost of parking fees already makes it considerable more expensive for most people to take a private vehicle into the city than to take a bus.

while this works as a weakener by one line of reasoning...it can also work as something that supports the mayor's reasoning...
if people are already paying so much for parking, they might be reluctant to pay more in the form of an entry fee

what do you think?

Quote:
(B) The cost of parking fees already makes it considerable more expensive for most people to take a private vehicle into the city than to take a bus.

(B) does not suggest that people are "already paying so much for parking." Rather, (B) suggests that, because of high parking fees, people already take the bus instead of driving.

Adding an additional fee will probably cause some people to switch to the bus, but if taking a private vehicle is already the "considerably-more-expensive" option, adding a $5 fee shouldn't really change things too much.
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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2018, 18:23
Stimulus:- The mayor reasons that fee will make taking private vehicles "expensive"

Correct Option B:- taking private vehicles is already "expensive" for most people.

Since it is already "expensive" to take out private vehicles what is the gaurantee that increased fee will result in many people switching to bus. Maybe there are other reasons due to which commuters prefer private vehicles regardless of quantum of fees.
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Re: QOTD: A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars &nbs [#permalink] 04 Jun 2018, 18:23
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