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The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc

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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2014, 13:03
A, although it sounds verbose, is parallel.

A uses the removal of and the clearing of, in parallel.

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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2014, 07:59

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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2015, 08:35
Kindly help me since i am still confused with C .

C does not sound right i know but i need a definite reason to eliminate C as an answer.

"The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent"..


Usage of verb-ing modifier after the clause ...
a) Describe the clause
Sentence talks about the cotton rabbit population to be increased and how this was done was due to removal of the fox population ..


b) Presents the result of the clause
Here it does not present any result of the clause ...

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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2015, 09:43
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shelrod007 wrote:
Kindly help me since i am still confused with C .

C does not sound right i know but i need a definite reason to eliminate C as an answer.

"The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent"..


Usage of verb-ing modifier after the clause ...
a) Describe the clause
Sentence talks about the cotton rabbit population to be increased and how this was done was due to removal of the fox population ..


b) Presents the result of the clause
Here it does not present any result of the clause ...


A] The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years {Result} as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands (Cause}


C] The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years {Cause} , resulting from the removing of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands {Result}

C is logically incorrect since it reverses the intended cause-effect relationship
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc [#permalink]

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The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of --> Correct. Action noun is parallel to the complex gerund.
B. years as a result of removing --> Simple gerund phrases are NEVER PARALLEL to complex gerund phrases (see MGMAT SC Guide)
C. years, resulting from the removing of --> Subject cottontail rabbit doesn't make sense with ING-Modifier (resulting) - the rabbit doesn't result from anything, rather the "increase" would be the right subject for the preceding clause.
D. years, which is result of removing --> Which cannot modify a clause
E. years, which is a result of the removal of --> Which cannot modify a clause
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2016, 23:08
sondenso wrote:
68. The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of
D. years, which is result of removing
E. years, which is a result of the removal of


Good question.

Rule: GMAT prefers action noun over complex gerund.

The removal of => Action noun
The removing of => the removing of.

If an appropriate action noun exists, use it.

An example from MGMAT study guide for those who are still confused.

Wrong: The rebels demanded the withdrawal of government forces from the disputed regions and the releasing of certain political prisoners.

Right: The rebels demanded the withdrawal of government forces from the disputed regions and the release of certain political prisoners.

Choice A fits the rule perfectly but choice C does not as a action noun exists.


Kudos if this helped you. :)

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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2016, 12:22
sondenso wrote:
68. The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of
D. years, which is result of removing
E. years, which is a result of the removal of


Removal is a noun and clearing (Gerund - ing verb acting as a noun) - both are parallel.

{Removal - Action noun
Clearing of .... - Complex Gerund.}

'Which' is inappropriate.
A and C left resulting from is awkward.
A - correct.

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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2017, 10:07
The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of
D. years, which is result of removing
E. years, which is a result of the removal of

We need a comparison between nouns. Hence Choice A is correct.
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The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 06:56
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As a result of A and B, where A and B should be parallel.


A: The removal of (noun phrase; the removal is a noun phrase)
B: The clearing of (noun phrase; the clearing is a noun phrase)

A noun phrase is parallel with another noun phrase. However if only 'clearing' was mentioned (without the article 'The') then 'clearing of' would have been a participial phrase. Participial phrases are NOT parallel with noun phrases.

B. years as a result of removing - removing is a participial phrase.

D. years, which is result of removing
In correct use of which. Which refers to years here and removing again is a participial phrase.

E. years, which is a result of the removal of
Again incorrect use of which.

Between A and C, the use of 'as a result' sounds better than 'resulting'
'resulting from the removing of the' sounds awkward.

You can eliminate option C because the ING verb after the comma must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause.
"The cottontail rabbit population" "resulting from the removing" does not make sense. So C is out.

Since A does a better job with parallelism and is less awkward A seems fine.

A conjunction such as and must serve to connect PARALLEL FORMS.

A gerund is a VERBing that serves as a NOUN.

Like other types of nouns, a gerund can be modified by a prepositional phrase.
Like other verb forms, a gerund can take a direct object.
VERBing + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE and VERBing + DIRECT OBJECT are not parallel forms.

B: removing the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands
Here, the phrases in bold are not parallel forms.
removing the native fox population = VERBing + DIRECT OBJECT.
the clearing of surrounding woods = VERBing + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE.
These constructions are not parallel.
Eliminate B.

A: the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woods
Here, the phrases in bold are parallel forms.

Each is a prepositional phrase serving to modify the preceding noun.

the removal of the native fox population = NOUN + PREPOSITIONAL MODIFIER.
the clearing of surrounding woodlands = NOUN + PREPOSITIONAL MODIFIER.
These constructions are parallel.

A is better simply because is parallel to the next part:
"years as a result of the removal of" and "clearing of".


Correct answer is option A.
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 07:18
anairamitch1804 wrote:
As a result of A and B, where A and B should be parallel.


A: The removal of (noun phrase; the removal is a noun phrase)
B: The clearing of (noun phrase; the clearing is a noun phrase)

A noun phrase is parallel with another noun phrase. However if only 'clearing' was mentioned (without the article 'The') then 'clearing of' would have been a participial phrase. Participial phrases are NOT parallel with noun phrases.

B. years as a result of removing - removing is a participial phrase.

D. years, which is result of removing
In correct use of which. Which refers to years here and removing again is a participial phrase.

E. years, which is a result of the removal of
Again incorrect use of which.

Between A and C, the use of 'as a result' sounds better than 'resulting'
'resulting from the removing of the' sounds awkward.

You can eliminate option C because the ING verb after the comma must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause.
"The cottontail rabbit population" "resulting from the removing" does not make sense. So C is out.

Since A does a better job with parallelism and is less awkward A seems fine.

A conjunction such as and must serve to connect PARALLEL FORMS.

A gerund is a VERBing that serves as a NOUN.

Like other types of nouns, a gerund can be modified by a prepositional phrase.
Like other verb forms, a gerund can take a direct object.
VERBing + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE and VERBing + DIRECT OBJECT are not parallel forms.

B: removing the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands
Here, the phrases in bold are not parallel forms.
removing the native fox population = VERBing + DIRECT OBJECT.
the clearing of surrounding woods = VERBing + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE.
These constructions are not parallel.
Eliminate B.

A: the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woods
Here, the phrases in bold are parallel forms.

Each is a prepositional phrase serving to modify the preceding noun.

the removal of the native fox population = NOUN + PREPOSITIONAL MODIFIER.
the clearing of surrounding woodlands = NOUN + PREPOSITIONAL MODIFIER.
These constructions are parallel.

A is better simply because is parallel to the next part:
"years as a result of the removal of" and "clearing of".


Correct answer is option A.


Nice explanation
Another split is use of "because of " , it takes a noun after preposition of
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Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2017, 07:18

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