GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 15 Aug 2018, 15:39

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Sep 2014
Posts: 160
Concentration: Strategy, Leadership
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V41
GPA: 3.94
Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2014, 13:03
A, although it sounds verbose, is parallel.

A uses the removal of and the clearing of, in parallel.
MBA Section Director
User avatar
V
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 5124
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Dec 2014, 07:59
1
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 Jan 2013
Posts: 163
Concentration: Technology, Other
Schools: Berkeley Haas
GMAT Date: 01-14-2015
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jan 2015, 08:35
Kindly help me since i am still confused with C .

C does not sound right i know but i need a definite reason to eliminate C as an answer.

"The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent"..


Usage of verb-ing modifier after the clause ...
a) Describe the clause
Sentence talks about the cotton rabbit population to be increased and how this was done was due to removal of the fox population ..


b) Presents the result of the clause
Here it does not present any result of the clause ...
Retired Moderator
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Jul 2010
Posts: 521
GPA: 3.4
WE: General Management (Non-Profit and Government)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jan 2015, 09:43
2
1
shelrod007 wrote:
Kindly help me since i am still confused with C .

C does not sound right i know but i need a definite reason to eliminate C as an answer.

"The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent"..


Usage of verb-ing modifier after the clause ...
a) Describe the clause
Sentence talks about the cotton rabbit population to be increased and how this was done was due to removal of the fox population ..


b) Presents the result of the clause
Here it does not present any result of the clause ...


A] The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years {Result} as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands (Cause}


C] The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years {Cause} , resulting from the removing of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands {Result}

C is logically incorrect since it reverses the intended cause-effect relationship
_________________

How to select your BSchool?
General Mistakes to Avoid on the GMAT
TOP 10 articles on Time Management on the GMAT
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

Rules for posting on the verbal forum

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 561
Location: Germany
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 580 Q46 V24
GPA: 3.88
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jan 2016, 14:45
2
The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of --> Correct. Action noun is parallel to the complex gerund.
B. years as a result of removing --> Simple gerund phrases are NEVER PARALLEL to complex gerund phrases (see MGMAT SC Guide)
C. years, resulting from the removing of --> Subject cottontail rabbit doesn't make sense with ING-Modifier (resulting) - the rabbit doesn't result from anything, rather the "increase" would be the right subject for the preceding clause.
D. years, which is result of removing --> Which cannot modify a clause
E. years, which is a result of the removal of --> Which cannot modify a clause
_________________

When you’re up, your friends know who you are. When you’re down, you know who your friends are.

Share some Kudos, if my posts help you. Thank you !

800Score ONLY QUANT CAT1 51, CAT2 50, CAT3 50
GMAT PREP 670
MGMAT CAT 630
KAPLAN CAT 660

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 12 Mar 2015
Posts: 99
Concentration: Leadership, Finance
GPA: 3.9
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jan 2016, 23:08
sondenso wrote:
68. The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of
D. years, which is result of removing
E. years, which is a result of the removal of


Good question.

Rule: GMAT prefers action noun over complex gerund.

The removal of => Action noun
The removing of => the removing of.

If an appropriate action noun exists, use it.

An example from MGMAT study guide for those who are still confused.

Wrong: The rebels demanded the withdrawal of government forces from the disputed regions and the releasing of certain political prisoners.

Right: The rebels demanded the withdrawal of government forces from the disputed regions and the release of certain political prisoners.

Choice A fits the rule perfectly but choice C does not as a action noun exists.


Kudos if this helped you. :)
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 25 Sep 2015
Posts: 132
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q48 V37
GPA: 3.26
Reviews Badge
Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jan 2016, 12:22
sondenso wrote:
68. The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of
D. years, which is result of removing
E. years, which is a result of the removal of


Removal is a noun and clearing (Gerund - ing verb acting as a noun) - both are parallel.

{Removal - Action noun
Clearing of .... - Complex Gerund.}

'Which' is inappropriate.
A and C left resulting from is awkward.
A - correct.
BSchool Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1097
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
CAT Tests
Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Aug 2017, 10:07
The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

A. years as a result of the removal of
B. years as a result of removing
C. years, resulting from the removing of
D. years, which is result of removing
E. years, which is a result of the removal of

We need a comparison between nouns. Hence Choice A is correct.
_________________

Kudos if my post helps!

Long And A Fruitful Journey - V21 to V41; If I can, So Can You!!


Preparing for RC my way


My study resources:
1. Useful Formulae, Concepts and Tricks-Quant
2. e-GMAT's ALL SC Compilation
3. LSAT RC compilation
4. Actual LSAT CR collection by Broal
5. QOTD RC (Carcass)
6. Challange OG RC
7. GMAT Prep Challenge RC

Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 656
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Aug 2017, 06:56
1
As a result of A and B, where A and B should be parallel.


A: The removal of (noun phrase; the removal is a noun phrase)
B: The clearing of (noun phrase; the clearing is a noun phrase)

A noun phrase is parallel with another noun phrase. However if only 'clearing' was mentioned (without the article 'The') then 'clearing of' would have been a participial phrase. Participial phrases are NOT parallel with noun phrases.

B. years as a result of removing - removing is a participial phrase.

D. years, which is result of removing
In correct use of which. Which refers to years here and removing again is a participial phrase.

E. years, which is a result of the removal of
Again incorrect use of which.

Between A and C, the use of 'as a result' sounds better than 'resulting'
'resulting from the removing of the' sounds awkward.

You can eliminate option C because the ING verb after the comma must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause.
"The cottontail rabbit population" "resulting from the removing" does not make sense. So C is out.

Since A does a better job with parallelism and is less awkward A seems fine.

A conjunction such as and must serve to connect PARALLEL FORMS.

A gerund is a VERBing that serves as a NOUN.

Like other types of nouns, a gerund can be modified by a prepositional phrase.
Like other verb forms, a gerund can take a direct object.
VERBing + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE and VERBing + DIRECT OBJECT are not parallel forms.

B: removing the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands
Here, the phrases in bold are not parallel forms.
removing the native fox population = VERBing + DIRECT OBJECT.
the clearing of surrounding woods = VERBing + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE.
These constructions are not parallel.
Eliminate B.

A: the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woods
Here, the phrases in bold are parallel forms.

Each is a prepositional phrase serving to modify the preceding noun.

the removal of the native fox population = NOUN + PREPOSITIONAL MODIFIER.
the clearing of surrounding woodlands = NOUN + PREPOSITIONAL MODIFIER.
These constructions are parallel.

A is better simply because is parallel to the next part:
"years as a result of the removal of" and "clearing of".


Correct answer is option A.
_________________

Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

VP
VP
User avatar
P
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1219
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Aug 2017, 07:18
anairamitch1804 wrote:
As a result of A and B, where A and B should be parallel.


A: The removal of (noun phrase; the removal is a noun phrase)
B: The clearing of (noun phrase; the clearing is a noun phrase)

A noun phrase is parallel with another noun phrase. However if only 'clearing' was mentioned (without the article 'The') then 'clearing of' would have been a participial phrase. Participial phrases are NOT parallel with noun phrases.

B. years as a result of removing - removing is a participial phrase.

D. years, which is result of removing
In correct use of which. Which refers to years here and removing again is a participial phrase.

E. years, which is a result of the removal of
Again incorrect use of which.

Between A and C, the use of 'as a result' sounds better than 'resulting'
'resulting from the removing of the' sounds awkward.

You can eliminate option C because the ING verb after the comma must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause.
"The cottontail rabbit population" "resulting from the removing" does not make sense. So C is out.

Since A does a better job with parallelism and is less awkward A seems fine.

A conjunction such as and must serve to connect PARALLEL FORMS.

A gerund is a VERBing that serves as a NOUN.

Like other types of nouns, a gerund can be modified by a prepositional phrase.
Like other verb forms, a gerund can take a direct object.
VERBing + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE and VERBing + DIRECT OBJECT are not parallel forms.

B: removing the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands
Here, the phrases in bold are not parallel forms.
removing the native fox population = VERBing + DIRECT OBJECT.
the clearing of surrounding woods = VERBing + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE.
These constructions are not parallel.
Eliminate B.

A: the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woods
Here, the phrases in bold are parallel forms.

Each is a prepositional phrase serving to modify the preceding noun.

the removal of the native fox population = NOUN + PREPOSITIONAL MODIFIER.
the clearing of surrounding woodlands = NOUN + PREPOSITIONAL MODIFIER.
These constructions are parallel.

A is better simply because is parallel to the next part:
"years as a result of the removal of" and "clearing of".


Correct answer is option A.


Nice explanation
Another split is use of "because of " , it takes a noun after preposition of
_________________

Please give kudos if you found my answers useful

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 85
Re: The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Nov 2017, 10:51
The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

(A) years as a result of the removal of
(B) years as a result of removing
(C) years, resulting from the removing of
(D) years, which is result of removing
(E) years, which is a result of the removal of

2-1-2 split, as, resulting and which.

D and E are out because 'which' modifies years- incorrect
B and C are also out because 'removing' is used as a noun, but it's actually a present participle. Removal is the noun we want

A, by POE. Find 4 incorrect answers, not one correct answer

kudos if you like the answer
_________________

Give me kudos and see what happens to your GMAT score :-)

Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2105
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Nov 2017, 23:39
The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has increased unchecked in recent years as a result of the removal of the native fox population and the clearing of surrounding woodlands.

(A) years as a result of the removal of - Correct
(B) years as a result of removing - parallelism - the "the" in front of clearing indicates that it's a noun form. (there's no such word as clearage, or clearation, or whatever, so this is the best noun form you're going to get here.)
to be parallel to the clearing, you need another dedicated noun form. here, that's the removal.
(C) years, resulting from the removing of - Subject cottontail rabbit doesn't make sense with ING-Modifier (resulting) - the rabbit doesn't result from anything, rather the "increase" would be the right subject for the preceding clause.
(D) years, which is result of removing - incorrect usage of which
(E) years, which is a result of the removal of - incorrect usage of which

Answer A
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc &nbs [#permalink] 30 Nov 2017, 23:39

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 32 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The cottontail rabbit population in Orange County, California, has inc

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.