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The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2018, 06:27
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techiesam wrote:
My question is:If we change the "little" to "few" in answer choice C,will it be considered correct?
I think that option C will stand as correct then cause either the author or the fed reserve can say that the policy makers remain silent.So we don't need to follow the parallelism X said that...and that ....


In that case you would have a comma before "and" - for joining two independent clauses, comma + conjunction is required.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 04:34
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

A. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Correct sentence.

B. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

Goes out because and is the parallel marker, and Y = that the policy makers… and X = “growth had accelerated…” has no parallel with Y
X = Independent clause (IC) and Y = Dependent Clause (DC)

C. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

Goes out because and is the parallel marker, and Y = the policy makers… and X = “that growth had accelerated…” has no parallel with X
X = Dependent Clause (DC) and Y = Independent clause (IC)

D. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
The sentence uses a reporting verb “said” the reporting verb are always followed by “that”.
Hence D goes out.

E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Wrong form of “accelerate” used i.e. “accelerated” the past participle for is to be used with past perfect i.e. [had+ED/EN]. Here this use is awkward.
So there is no working verb in the first half of the sentence. Hence it is a phrase.
Phrase and [parallel marker] Clause.
Hence E goes out.
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The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2019, 23:29
RaviChandra wrote:
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.


A. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

B. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

C. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little

D. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little

E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few


My concern is option E. Is "accelerated" working as a Verb-ED modifier or it is a VERB here. Most of the times such verbs must be preceded by helping verbs. I am not clear about this rule. If "accelerated" is a modifier then can we consider the sentence as a phrase, and if "accelerated" is a verb then then sentence is a clause. Please see the highlighted portion.

MartyTargetTestPrep, AjiteshArun

Please help. Hope the query is clear.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2019, 00:13
AkshdeepS wrote:
My concern is option E. Is "accelerated" working as a Verb-ED modifier or it is a VERB here. Most of the times such verbs must be preceded by helping verbs. I am not clear about this rule. If "accelerated" is a modifier then can we consider the sentence as a phrase, and if "accelerated" is a verb then then sentence is a clause. Please see the highlighted portion.

MartyTargetTestPrep, AjiteshArun

Please help. Hope the query is clear.
Accelerated is a verb in the following construction:

The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth accelerated...

You can actually see two subject-verb pairs here: (a) announcement and said and (b) growth and accelerated. Accelerated is in the simple past tense (active), which is why you don't see any helping verbs.

1. Growth had accelerated...
Past perfect, and therefore there is a helping had here.

2. The process of climate change is accelerated by...
Passive voice, and therefore there is a helping is here.

3. A process accelerated by human activity is known as...
Here accelerated is a modifier.

The sentence you are looking at has multiple subject-verb pairs. If we focus on the portion before the even though, we see this "sentence":

The Federal Reserve announcement said that that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation.
The main clause is formed by announcement and said, and then we see two dependent clauses introduced by that, with the following subject-verb pairs: (a) growth + accelerated and (b) makers + remain.

The dependent clauses introduced by that can be replaced by X and Y, so we get
The Federal Reserve announcement said X and Y.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2019, 00:31
AjiteshArun wrote:
AkshdeepS wrote:
My concern is option E. Is "accelerated" working as a Verb-ED modifier or it is a VERB here. Most of the times such verbs must be preceded by helping verbs. I am not clear about this rule. If "accelerated" is a modifier then can we consider the sentence as a phrase, and if "accelerated" is a verb then then sentence is a clause. Please see the highlighted portion.

MartyTargetTestPrep, AjiteshArun

Please help. Hope the query is clear.
Accelerated is a verb in the following construction:

The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth accelerated...

You can actually see two subject-verb pairs here: (a) announcement and said and (b) growth and accelerated. Accelerated is in the simple past tense (active), which is why you don't see any helping verbs.

1. Growth had accelerated...
Past perfect, and therefore there is a helping had here.

2. The process of climate change is accelerated by...
Passive voice, and therefore there is a helping is here.

3. A process accelerated by human activity is known as...
Here accelerated is a modifier.

The sentence you are looking at has multiple subject-verb pairs. If we focus on the portion before the even though, we see this "sentence":

The Federal Reserve announcement said that that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation.
The main clause is formed by announcement and said, and then we see two dependent clauses introduced by that, with the following subject-verb pairs: (a) growth + accelerated and (b) makers + remain.

The dependent clauses introduced by that can be replaced by X and Y, so we get
The Federal Reserve announcement said X and Y.


Thanks a lot AjiteshArun. Now it is clear. :)
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The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2019, 03:24
AkshdeepS wrote:
E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

My concern is option E. Is "accelerated" working as a Verb-ED modifier or it is a VERB here. Most of the times such verbs must be preceded by helping verbs. I am not clear about this rule. If "accelerated" is a modifier then can we consider the sentence as a phrase, and if "accelerated" is a verb then then sentence is a clause. Please see the highlighted portion.

Please help. Hope the query is clear.

In (E) "accelerated" is the main verb of the noun clause "that growth accelerated ..."

If "accelerated" were a modifier, then what follows "accelerated" would be a phrase, and the sentence would be quite flawed. That "accelerated" is not a modifier is made clear by the context in which it appears.

In some cases, "accelerated" has to be preceded by a helping verb, such as "had" in order for a sentence to make sense. In other cases, using a construction such as "growth accelerated," which does not include a helping verb, would be better. Which to use depends on the context and the meaning to be conveyed.

In this case, the use of the helping verb "had" is necessary, as, in order for the sentence to clearly indicate the sequence of events, we need the past perfect form of "to accelerate," which is "had accelerated."

To more clearly understand when "had" must be used, you could learn about the past perfect tense.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2019, 06:22
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MartyTargetTestPrep wrote:
AkshdeepS wrote:
E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

My concern is option E. Is "accelerated" working as a Verb-ED modifier or it is a VERB here. Most of the times such verbs must be preceded by helping verbs. I am not clear about this rule. If "accelerated" is a modifier then can we consider the sentence as a phrase, and if "accelerated" is a verb then then sentence is a clause. Please see the highlighted portion.

Please help. Hope the query is clear.

In (E) "accelerated" is the main verb of the noun clause "that growth accelerated ..."

If "accelerated" were a modifier, then what follows "accelerated" would be a phrase, and the sentence would be quite flawed. That "accelerated" is not a modifier is made clear by the context in which it appears.

In some cases, "accelerated" has to be preceded by a helping verb, such as "had" in order for a sentence to make sense. In other cases, using a construction such as "growth accelerated," which does not include a helping verb, would be better. Which to use depends on the context and the meaning to be conveyed.

In this case, the use of the helping verb "had" is necessary, as, in order for the sentence to clearly indicate the sequence of events, we need the past perfect form of "to accelerate," which is "had accelerated."

To more clearly understand when "had" must be used, you could learn about the past perfect tense.


Thanks Marty. This post helps a lot.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2019, 04:58
we have no reason to defy simple past. why do we need present perfect?
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte   [#permalink] 17 Feb 2019, 04:58

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