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The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte

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The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.


A. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

B. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

C. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little

D. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little

E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

Originally posted by RaviChandra on 10 Apr 2012, 05:48.
Last edited by Bunuel on 04 Dec 2018, 05:06, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2015, 00:28
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The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

A. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

B. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

C. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little

D. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little

E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



The original is correct. The equivalent elements, “that growth had accelerated...” and “that the policy makers remain...,” are parallel clauses beginning with "that." The verb tenses are also correct; the action that occurred in the most distant past (“had picked up pace”) uses the past perfect; the later past event (“statement also said”) uses the simple past. Also, “few” is correct, since it modifies the quantifiable noun "signs."

(A) CORRECT. This choice is correct as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice is not parallel; "that" is required before “growth had accelerated...” to make it parallel to “that the policy makers remain..."

(C) This choice is not parallel; “that growth had accelerated...” is not parallel to “the policy makers remain...” Moreover, “little” is incorrect; since “signs” are countable, “few” is required.

(D) This choice is parallel, but the syntax is incorrect. "That" can be colloquially omitted after the verb "said," but not in formal writing. Also, "little" should be replaced by "few."

(E) This choice is parallel, but incorrectly uses the simple past, “accelerated.” This action is the earlier past event, as it must have occurred before the Fed commented on the trend. The earlier of multiple past events must use the past perfect.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2013, 08:01
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Hi Nikhil,

Let me see if I can help.

The part of the passage pertinent to your question is this

The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated


I've highlighted the two verbs.

The key thing as you say is the difference with whether you need 'had'. And you're also correct in the meaning of the two different tenses.

What you've missed is the connection between 'said' and 'accelerated' - the acceleration needs to have happened prior to the saying - or else that would not make sense.

Said is simple past, so accelerated needs to be in the tense that indicates it was done before the simple past. So you need 'had'

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2012, 05:49
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The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the
second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation,
even though there are few
signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so


The answer choice is A, But im not clear with 2 things.

1) Usage of Had..
as per my understanding the growth accelerated after the after slowing. (meaning that growth is not the first action)

2) Parallelism: Are had accelerated & remain concerned parallel.
i mean shouldn't they be had accelerated & remained concerned
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2012, 17:14
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RaviChandra wrote:
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the
second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation,
even though there are few
signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so


The answer choice is A, But im not clear with 2 things.

1) Usage of Had..
as per my understanding the growth accelerated after the after slowing. (meaning that growth is not the first action)

2) Parallelism: Are had accelerated & remain concerned parallel.
i mean shouldn't they be had accelerated & remained concerned


Here's my reasoning:
1) The accelerated already occurred before the Federal Reserve announcement, so that's why you use "had accelerated." I'm not sure you compare the time frame to the slowing.

2) Policy makers continue to be concerned (it's present tense because they are still concerned) so you can't have "had remained"
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2013, 00:52
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"That" is required ==> only A, C, E remain.
Because the Fed said that <== past tense. Thus, the past perfect tense - "had accelerated" - is correct

The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.


that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Correct.

• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
Wrong. Need "that".

• that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Wrong. Tense problem.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2015, 09:16
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A. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

B. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
->Missing that in the beginning which is required to maintain parallalism with second that(highlighted)

C. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
->I would not consider "signs" as uncountable noun and hence would reject "little"

D. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
->I would not consider "signs" as uncountable noun and hence would reject "little"

E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
->"had" is required as "said" indicates one instance in past and any situation before that should be referred with a "had"
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2015, 23:08
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there are two 3-2 splits here. One 3-2 split is sentence ending with "few" and "little". Another 3-2 split is sentence starting with "that" and no "that".

1) that is required here. So B and D are wiped off..
2) signs are countable so "few" is prefered to "little". So among remaining A,C and E, C is wiped off..
Now A and E remains. Announcement happened after the acceleration of growth. So "had" is needed. E is out. A remains.. Answer is A...

Help me if I am wrong..
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2015, 01:35
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souvik101990 wrote:
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

A. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

B. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few

C. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little

D. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little

E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few


ans A..
that is required with announcement so b and d out..
signs shuold have few and not little, so c also out..
the growth is being talked over two periods so 'had' is required.. e is also out..
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2015, 01:45
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Usually past perfect tense is used to clarify the timeline of two unrelated events.
Here it is very clear that when someone says something about an event , that event has to occur before the saying. In my opinion 'HAD' is subtly irrelevant.
Having said so, I checked from other sources that OA is A but i will stick to E for reasons mentioned. Someone please clarify if i am mistaken.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2015, 14:27
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I may be wrong, but none of the options seem to be correct.

For me, the correct answer should be:
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remained concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there were few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

Or:
The Federal Reserve announcement says that growth has accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

Some expert could help us with this question?
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2015, 00:26
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.
"That" is necessary. Eliminate B and D.
• A that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• C that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little "little can't be used with "signs" (countable)
• E that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few need past perfect tense for the verb accelerate, since the acceleration happened prior to the reporting of that acceleration
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2015, 08:14
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[quote="souvik101990"]The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.



A. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few - Looks the best.

The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

B. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few - Parallelism error

C. that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little - Little is used for uncountable nouns.

D. growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little - Little is used for uncountable nouns.

E. that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few - Incorrect.

Henco IMHO (A) is the best among the rest.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2015, 07:50
Four issues here; one, for the sake of parallelism, we need the introducer ‘that’ in both arms; B and D are eliminated.
Two, the growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter. Let’s not separate this factor into two as accelerated and slowed and then break heads over which one occurred earlier orlater. Had accelerated is perfect fit for the juncture.
The third issue is about the announcement which came as the last of the events in past. So past tense for announcement is apt.
Fourth issue moves over to present tense. Remain concerned is simple present and is the right expression for the Fed’s current concern.
Among A, C and E, E is dropped for using simple past for acceleration. C uses little to denote the countable 'signs'. A remains perfect foil.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2016, 05:01
pradeepss wrote:
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few



Hi

Can someone explain that, can we also eliminate the answer choices on choosing between few and little which are there at the end.

Thanks
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2016, 14:15
Himanshu9818 wrote:
pradeepss wrote:
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few



Hi

Can someone explain that, can we also eliminate the answer choices on choosing between few and little which are there at the end.

Thanks
Himanshu


Of course, the 3:2 split is ideal for eliminating 2 or 3 choices in one shot. Since "signs" is countable (plural), "few" should be used - "little" is used for non-countable nouns. With this split, 2 options (C and D) get cancelled at once.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2017, 05:43
Is it absolutely necessary to use past perfect in this instance?
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2017, 06:13
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Nicole wrote
Quote:
Is it absolutely necessary to use the past perfect in this instance?


Yes IMO; because that is the only marker of the timeline that indicates that the acceleration occurred before the Fed made the announcement. Just using the simple past 'accelerated' might erroneously imply that the announcement was made just as the growth was picking up.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2017, 11:53
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few - All the highlighted parts of the sentence are correct.

growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few -Wrong because of the "red" portion

that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little -Wrong because of the "red" portion

growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little -Wrong because of the "red" portion

that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few -Wrong because of the "red" portion
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2018, 06:24
My question is:If we change the "little" to "few" in answer choice C,will it be considered correct?
I think that option C will stand as correct then cause either the author or the fed reserve can say that the policy makers remain silent.So we don't need to follow the parallelism X said that...and that ....
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated afte   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2018, 06:24

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