It is currently 23 Oct 2017, 14:14

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

7 KUDOS received
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1482

Kudos [?]: 1457 [7], given: 2

Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2011, 13:11
7
This post received
KUDOS
25
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (01:25) correct 32% (01:32) wrong based on 1607 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 78
Page: 148

Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because______________.

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form

(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits

(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted

(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived

(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit


GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 1457 [7], given: 2

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 168

Kudos [?]: 62 [0], given: 5

Location: Stockholm, Sweden
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2011, 14:13
Had a hard time understanding this one since I'm not familiar with elongated and astagmatism.

However, the last sentence clearly refers to El Greco and something about his 'disease' so we can rule out A, B, E and we are left with C, D

D makes no sense at all so I'll pick C :-)
_________________

12/2010 GMATPrep 1 620 (Q34/V41)
01/2011 GMATPrep 2 640 (Q42/V36)
01/2011 GMATPrep 3 700 (Q47/V39)
02/2011 GMATPrep 4 710 (Q48/V39)
02/2011 MGMAT CAT 1 650 (Q46/V32)
02/2011 MGMAT CAT 2 680 (Q46/V36)
02/2011 MGMAT CAT 3 710 (Q45/V41)

Kudos [?]: 62 [0], given: 5

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 26 Apr 2010
Posts: 113

Kudos [?]: 153 [1], given: 54

Concentration: Strategy, Entrepreneurship
Schools: Fuqua '14 (M)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jan 2011, 19:04
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I will have to say C as well.

A - does not address Greco's condition
B - same as A and does not mean that these people were alive during his time
D - irrelevant
E - same as A; did other artists have astigmatism? Could be 'yes' or 'no'

...so go with C.

Thanks for the question.
_________________

I appreciate the kudos if you find this post helpful! +1

Kudos [?]: 153 [1], given: 54

4 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Oct 2010
Posts: 212

Kudos [?]: 843 [4], given: 974

Location: Uzbekistan
Schools: Johnson, Fuqua, Simon, Mendoza
WE 3: 10
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jan 2011, 10:09
4
This post received
KUDOS
I think, in this question the blank part of the last sentence must be filled in with such an assumption which can negate the suggestion that El Greco suffered from astigmatism and hence, give another explanation to the fact that figures in his paintings were elongated. In my opinion it is "B" (Some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco's portraits) which gives an alternative explanation why figures depicted in his pictures are elongated. I think it is fairly possible that El Greco had portrayed elongated people as such, but had not distorted of the natural human figure. Consequently, he did not suffer from astigmatism.

I will go with B !!!

Kudos [?]: 843 [4], given: 974

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: what we want to do, do it as soon as possible
Joined: 24 May 2010
Posts: 107

Kudos [?]: 73 [1], given: 315

Location: Vietnam
WE 1: 5.0
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jan 2011, 02:47
1
This post received
KUDOS
noboru wrote:
The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541-1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco's time, the intentional distortion of the human figures was unprecedented in European Painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had astigmatism, a type of visual impairment that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because _______________________
A. Several twentieth century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco's paintings the systematic elongation of the human form.
B. Some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco's portraits.
C. If El Greco had astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted.
D. Even if El Greco had astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived.
E. There were non-European artists even in El Greco's time who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted.

Premises: some critics have suggested that painter El Greco had astigmatism , a disease to which human figure will be distorted under his view. This suggestion will not be convincing if at his time there were people who really have some figured (elongated) that were dicpicted exactly in El Greco paintings.
The blank needs a reason to explain why El Greco had not that disease. It is simply because people who have some unsual figures existed there. That's why i pick B
Please correct my reasoning if i make this cr wrong.
.
_________________

Consider giving me kudos if you find my explanations helpful so i can learn how to express ideas to people more understandable.

Kudos [?]: 73 [1], given: 315

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 04 Apr 2010
Posts: 159

Kudos [?]: 222 [0], given: 31

Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Mar 2011, 08:14
B is the answer for me.
C should not be the correc answer- Even if the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted, then what? Had he thrown his paintings? Had he changed his way to paint? or had he kept the paintings?
We can't make assumptions. Can we?
Please correct me!
_________________

Consider me giving KUDOS, if you find my post helpful.
If at first you don't succeed, you're running about average. ~Anonymous

Kudos [?]: 222 [0], given: 31

Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 871

Kudos [?]: 396 [0], given: 123

Reviews Badge
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Mar 2011, 18:49
I think B is a exception and limited in scope since it uses "some"

Posted from my mobile device

Kudos [?]: 396 [0], given: 123

1 KUDOS received
SVP
SVP
avatar
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 1594

Kudos [?]: 592 [1], given: 36

Location: United States (IN)
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Apr 2011, 08:15
1
This post received
KUDOS
The answer is C. I arrived at the answer by POE, and the legendary Ron Purewal says so too :)

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/gma ... t9634.html
_________________

Formula of Life -> Achievement/Potential = k * Happiness (where k is a constant)

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 592 [1], given: 36

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 27 Jan 2011
Posts: 29

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 0

Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Oct 2011, 07:09
"E"

In El Greco's time, the intentional distortion of the human figures was unprecedented in European Painting. Consequently.....

What if the there were artists outside of Europe, in the same time as Greco, who intentionally distorted human figures? If this were to be true, would not the assumption used by the critics to arrive at the conclusion be incorrect?

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 0

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 07 Oct 2011
Posts: 6

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Oct 2011, 07:41
C.
If the elongated figures in his paintings have appeared to him to be distorted, the figures in portraits by El Greco would not have been SYSTEMATICALLY elongated.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Mar 2011
Posts: 7

Kudos [?]: 6 [1], given: 4

Concentration: Marketing
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Nov 2011, 23:32
1
This post received
KUDOS
Quote:
The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541-1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco's time, the intentional distortion of the human figures was unprecedented in European Painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had astigmatism, a type of visual impairment that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because _______________________
A. Several twentieth century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco's paintings the systematic elongation of the human form.
B. Some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco's portraits.
C. If El Greco had astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted.
D. Even if El Greco had astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived.
E. There were non-European artists even in El Greco's time who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted.


Premise 1: The figures in El Greco's paintings are systematically enlongated
Premise 2: In his time, the intentional enlongated never happen in the ealier
Premise 3: Astigmatism is a type of visual impairment that results in people appearing to patient in the enlogated way...
Conclusion: El Greco had astigmatism

A. Strengthen one
B. Elongating figures in painting of some people do not prove that El Greco did not have astigmatism, maybe they all had astigmatism :) => irrelevant
D. There is no correction for astigmatism cannot prove that El Greco did not have this disease
E. Is the same with B
C. If El Greco had astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted. => What did thisilsentence say? According to my understand, the figures in El Greco painting s will be distorted double times through 1st is elongated figures and 2nd El Greco's eyes (because of astigmatism) to become normal.

Kudos [?]: 6 [1], given: 4

Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Time to apply!
Joined: 24 Aug 2011
Posts: 197

Kudos [?]: 146 [0], given: 166

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 600 Q48 V25
GMAT 2: 660 Q50 V29
GMAT 3: 690 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.2
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Nov 2011, 04:33
C
_________________

Didn't give up !!! Still Trying!!

Kudos [?]: 146 [0], given: 166

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 05 Mar 2011
Posts: 146

Kudos [?]: 66 [0], given: 3

Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Dec 2011, 21:56
confused btw b n c

Kudos [?]: 66 [0], given: 3

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Nov 2011
Posts: 248

Kudos [?]: 231 [0], given: 20

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.95
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2012, 04:01
My take is also C.
Basically we need to prove some people suggestion - that the artist had astigmatism - is wrong.

Now, think this way: artist painted what he SAW. If he had astigmatism, everything will look distorted, INCLUDING HIS OWN PAINTINGS, though they were NOT elongated in reality. This is exactly what C says.
_________________

-------------------------
-Aravind Chembeti

Kudos [?]: 231 [0], given: 20

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Employed
Joined: 17 Nov 2011
Posts: 98

Kudos [?]: 166 [0], given: 10

Location: Pakistan
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
GPA: 3.2
WE: Business Development (Internet and New Media)
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2012, 20:57
Clear C
_________________

"Nowadays, people know the price of everything, and the value of nothing." Oscar Wilde

Kudos [?]: 166 [0], given: 10

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 16 Jun 2010
Posts: 20

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 75

Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2013, 02:28
noboru wrote:
The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541-1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco's time, the intentional distortion of the human figures was unprecedented in European Painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had astigmatism, a type of visual impairment that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because _______________________
A. Several twentieth century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco's paintings the systematic elongation of the human form.
B. Some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco's portraits.
C. If El Greco had astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted.
D. Even if El Greco had astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived.
E. There were non-European artists even in El Greco's time who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted.


El Greco's portrait are elongated. While El Greco time, the intentional distortion was not popular. Therefore, El Greco had visual impairment.
The fill in blank is the missing premise that support for the conclusion that El Creco didn't have visual impairment.

Looking at options:
A mentioned about twentieth century artists --> irrelevant --> A is incorrect
B said that some people have elongated bodies like those in El Creco's paintings. Therefore, El Creco's portraits reflected actual models who are elongated, not because of his visual impairment --> B is correct
C discussed about how El Creco looks at the paintings, not how he made the paintings --> C is incorrect
D mentioned about correction for El Creco's visual impairment, not support the conclusion that actually he didn't have visual impairment --> incorrect
E mentioned "non-European artists" while The passage discussed about European artists --> irrelevant --> incorrect.

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 75

2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 04 Nov 2012
Posts: 61

Kudos [?]: 117 [2], given: 39

Schools: NTU '16 (A)
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2013, 01:15
2
This post received
KUDOS
On reading this question in forums, I found that some people thought this was a C&E argument and felt that providing an alternate cause will serve as a weakener. However, we do not want to weaken the argument.
We want to make sure that this explanation is not the correct explanation. i.e in c&e terms, X led to Y is the conclusion.
we have to prove X cannot lead to Y.
Choice B is talking about some people-not as people in general as a whole.
so maybe this choice does throw some doubt over the conclusion, but does not destroy it.
choice e, providing the example of non european arguments, says that they intentionally distorted the images. Again, this serves as a weakener. but does not destroy the conclusion completely.
To understand choice C, refer to the attachment
Attachments

el-greco_CROGVR2.pptx [49.62 KiB]
Downloaded 108 times

To download please login or register as a user

Kudos [?]: 117 [2], given: 39

Expert Post
Princeton Review Representative
User avatar
Joined: 17 Jun 2013
Posts: 162

Kudos [?]: 416 [0], given: 0

Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2013, 11:25
This argument asks us to weaken the stated conclusion. Therefore, we are looking for new information which shows that the conclusion - that the elongated figures were due to his astigmatism - based on the premise that elongated figures were not normal in the art world.

noboru wrote:
The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541-1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco's time, the intentional distortion of the human figures was unprecedented in European Painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had astigmatism, a type of visual impairment that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because _______________________
A. Several twentieth century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco's paintings the systematic elongation of the human form.the fact that people copied him afterward cannot speak to why he painted what he did when he did
B. Some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco's portraits.This was still not the norm in painting and while it may work, we would need to know that El Greco knew of these people for it to be truly strong.
C. If El Greco had astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted.This works because it is an explanation about how the astigmatism would not have explained the figures as they would not have looked like people to him either
D. Even if El Greco had astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived.while this may be true, it is doesn't affect whether the astigmatism caused his figures to be distorted and therefore can't weaken
E. There were non-European artists even in El Greco's time who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted. IN this case the non-European artists are irrelevant

_________________

Special offer! Save $250 on GMAT Ultimate Classroom, GMAT Small Group Instruction, or GMAT Liveonline when you use the promo code GCVERBAL250. Or, save $150 on GMAT Self-Prep when you use the code GCVERBAL150. Enroll at www.princetonreview.com

Kudos [?]: 416 [0], given: 0

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Jan 2013
Posts: 44

Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 24

Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Aug 2013, 01:44
noboru wrote:
The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541-1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco's time, the intentional distortion of the human figures was unprecedented in European Painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had astigmatism, a type of visual impairment that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because _______________________
A. Several twentieth century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco's paintings the systematic elongation of the human form.
B. Some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco's portraits.
C. If El Greco had astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted.
D. Even if El Greco had astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived.
E. There were non-European artists even in El Greco's time who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted.


I think it is C

a) Several artists adopted the elongation - that say anything about the painters disease - the artists might have adopted the techinque which El Greco got by visual impairment
b) Some prople have elongated body - does El Greco painted these people? May or may not
c)
d) No correction available - says nothing about painters impairment
e) The non-European painters may also have the visual impairment - and hence drawn elongated paintings

So only C is left out.

Whats the OA?

Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 24

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 24 Dec 2013
Posts: 29

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 4

Location: United States
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT Date: 05-15-2014
Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Feb 2014, 15:25
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
While answering the question, I didn't understand C, so I went with B. But thinking more about answer C, here is my understanding

Lets say El Greco sees a 6 feet guy and due to astigmatism, he perceives him to be 12 feet (he sees things twice as long).
Now when he draws it, if he draws it to be 6 feet, then when he looks at his painting, it will look 12 feet to him, the same as how he perceives a real human.
If he draws it at 12 feet, when he looks back at his painting, he'll see it as 24 feet, which will not match the 12 feet person he visually perceives. The painting would look distorted to him.
Hence the size of a person in his paintings should match the size of the real person, so that with his astigmatism, he sees both of the same size.
Hence C makes sense. But it's really hard to get this level of understanding in 2 minutes (including time of reading question and all answers).

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 4

Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2014, 15:25

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 30 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.