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The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a

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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2015, 02:39
Choice C

Type weaken
conclusion: EL has an astigmatism
Assumption: only other people appear to him in disorted, and it does not hindrance his drawing ability in terms of drawing features.

IF the astigmatism effect his drawing ability, then the drawing feature must also appear to be disorted to certain degree.
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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2016, 10:05
noboru wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 78
Page: 148
Difficulty:


Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because______________.

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form
(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits
(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted
(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived
(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted


Premise-1: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated

Premise-2: In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting.

Intermediate Conclusion: Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings

Conclusion: this suggestion cannot be the explanation

To Prove: The distortion in the human figures found in the Greco’s paintings is NOT the result of visual impairment, an astigmatism.

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form

We are not looking forward to prove that 20th century artists ADOPTED Greco’s paintings. Logic behind this incorrect choice to make it seem correct is that IF THIS DISTORTION CAN BE ADOPTED THEN IT IS CHOICE THAT A PAINTER MAKES NOT A RESULT OF ASTIGMATISM. But as a test taker I can’t prove it. hence this fact cannot work as “TO PROVE”.

(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits

People having elongated body is not the point of discussion BUT elongation in paintings found is intentional or due to impairment is.

(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted

This choice helps “TO PROVE”. If a painter has visual impairment then how come distortion does not occur related to how people looked at him. This proves that the distortion is intentional not resulted by astigmatism

(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived

This choice is neutral. Doesn’t help “To prove”.
Greco has astigmatism ---- Paintings have distorted figures.
Greco doesn’t astigmatism ---- Paintings have distorted figures.

(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted

This could be one tricky choice. BUT if we keep the SCOPE in mind then we can eliminate it. Argument talks about EUROPEANS and this choice discuss non-European BUT no connection is provided. We have no clue whether Europeans and non-Europeans used to follow arts or cultures of each other.
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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2016, 21:10
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The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because______________.

Type - weaken
Boil it down - Critics claim that El Greco had an astigmatism and thus figures in his portraits are systematically elongated

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form - Out of scope
(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits - Incorrect - even if some people did have elongated , this does not explain for the rest . And also did El Greco made portraits for these some people
(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted - Correct
(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived - Irrelevant - we are not concerned about any remedies
(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted - Out of scope - we are not concerned about other non-European artists

Answer C
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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2017, 12:58
There may be 2 possible answers for the above question as the choices that provides objection to the reason provided in the argument are C and E.

Choise C explains that even if the reason for the stematically elongated figures was not the painters condition but may have been something else
Choice E explains the 'something else' factor for the argument to be invalid.

But the question does not seek an alternat explaination but asks why is the resoning given by the critics invalid,and choice C clearly addresses that.
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The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2017, 02:46
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BEST ANALOGY TO UNDERSTAND OPTION C Quickly AND Easily,

if you still don't understand, then look through a magnifying glass at a letter, make a copy of the letter (while still looking through the glass), and then take the magnifying glass away. the letters will be the same size.
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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2017, 20:18
noboru wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 78
Page: 148

Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because______________.

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form

(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits

(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted

(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived

(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted


Beautiful question- what this question asks for is a reason that invalidates the arguments purported causation- El Greco's astigmatism. What C is actually saying is that El Greco would have been aware that he was painting the figures in a way that looked distorted. In other words, El Greco would be conscientious of what his paintings looked like- if he knew what his paintings looked like, even with astigmatism, then he must have painted the paintings that way on purpose.
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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 10:02
C is correct - El Greco would have perceived the images of people in his paintings as too long, relative to his perception of the people themselves. This means that even if El Greco did have astigmatism, that factor would not provide an answer to the question: Why did El Greco paint images that he knew were distorted?
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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2018, 02:10
Dear all,
at first, I was confused why B is incorrect.
Now i want to share why
B says : in the world, there are some people who do have big bodies, like those in the painting,
because "those" , we can know some people are not the same ones as those, if same, then they is more fitted than those
So it cannot explain why the critics' hypothsis, B merely states a fact,
In this question, we need a evidence that can weaken the causation between enlarge figures and astigmatism,

So B is out.

Have a nice day
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The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2018, 23:14
Conclusion: It should not be the reason that EG has eye defect that caused him to draw systematic long human because ...
Evidence: 1. EG drew systematic long human 2. Paintings prior to EG do not have long human
Assumption (pre-thinking that closes the gap)
1. If he has eye defect, the rest of the object that he drew should be distorted too (however , this assumption was not mentioned)
2. If he has eye defect, the human he painted should be distorted not just SYSTEMATICALLY long. This means he actually has very GOOD eye vision. He can draw very accurately!

ans c: the elongated figures should appear to him to be distorted (he should not be able to draw such systematic long human)
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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2018, 17:07
+C

It is common pattern of GMAT. 4 questions are irrelevant and 1 is very hard to comprehend.

It is always better choice to go with the one you cant comprehend in such scenario.
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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a &nbs [#permalink] 07 Aug 2018, 17:07

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