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The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a

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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2014, 21:03
noboru wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 78
Page: 148
Difficulty:


Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because______________.

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form
(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits
(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted
(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived
(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted


if the artist had some eye problem and he saw both a LIVE HUMAN FIGURE..... AND HIS PAINTING, SUPPOSED TO BE A REPLICA- BUT DISTORTED- HENCE DIFFERENT FROM THE ACTUAL LIVE VERSION.......

HE WOULD FIND BOTH DIFFERENT..........BUT THAT CANNOT BE THE CASE........ TO THE PAINTER BOTH THE LIVE AND PAINTED VERSION HAVE TO APPEAR SIMILAR- OTHERWISE WHAT WORTH A PAINTER OF PROMINENCE IS HE?

HENCE HE would have deliberately drawn them differently.............



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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2014, 08:50
noboru wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 78
Page: 148
Difficulty:


Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because______________.

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form
(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits
(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted
(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived
(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted



(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form - This does not explain because people might have adopted EG's work. And we just want to give reasoning - as to why what people suggested about EG that he has astigmatism - is wrong

(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits - First off, its saying some people, secondly we dont know if EG just portrayed those peoples in his paintings.

(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted - This answer choice says that if he really made elongated portraits because he had astigmatism, then the elongated portraits would have appear to him even more distorted.

(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived - this doesnt affect the argument.

(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted - this strengthens because it says there were no non -euporean artists who made intentionally distorted figures. Note that - in the argument it states european artists made distorted figures. But, EG was Spanish.
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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2015, 12:18
Only C makes sense!
Good question!

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New post 17 Mar 2015, 03:39
Choice C

Type weaken
conclusion: EL has an astigmatism
Assumption: only other people appear to him in disorted, and it does not hindrance his drawing ability in terms of drawing features.

IF the astigmatism effect his drawing ability, then the drawing feature must also appear to be disorted to certain degree.

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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2016, 11:05
noboru wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 78
Page: 148
Difficulty:


Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because______________.

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form
(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits
(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted
(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived
(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted


Premise-1: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated

Premise-2: In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting.

Intermediate Conclusion: Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings

Conclusion: this suggestion cannot be the explanation

To Prove: The distortion in the human figures found in the Greco’s paintings is NOT the result of visual impairment, an astigmatism.

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form

We are not looking forward to prove that 20th century artists ADOPTED Greco’s paintings. Logic behind this incorrect choice to make it seem correct is that IF THIS DISTORTION CAN BE ADOPTED THEN IT IS CHOICE THAT A PAINTER MAKES NOT A RESULT OF ASTIGMATISM. But as a test taker I can’t prove it. hence this fact cannot work as “TO PROVE”.

(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits

People having elongated body is not the point of discussion BUT elongation in paintings found is intentional or due to impairment is.

(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted

This choice helps “TO PROVE”. If a painter has visual impairment then how come distortion does not occur related to how people looked at him. This proves that the distortion is intentional not resulted by astigmatism

(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived

This choice is neutral. Doesn’t help “To prove”.
Greco has astigmatism ---- Paintings have distorted figures.
Greco doesn’t astigmatism ---- Paintings have distorted figures.

(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted

This could be one tricky choice. BUT if we keep the SCOPE in mind then we can eliminate it. Argument talks about EUROPEANS and this choice discuss non-European BUT no connection is provided. We have no clue whether Europeans and non-Europeans used to follow arts or cultures of each other.
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The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because______________.

Type - weaken
Boil it down - Critics claim that El Greco had an astigmatism and thus figures in his portraits are systematically elongated

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form - Out of scope
(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits - Incorrect - even if some people did have elongated , this does not explain for the rest . And also did El Greco made portraits for these some people
(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted - Correct
(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived - Irrelevant - we are not concerned about any remedies
(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted - Out of scope - we are not concerned about other non-European artists

Answer C
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New post 03 Jan 2017, 13:58
There may be 2 possible answers for the above question as the choices that provides objection to the reason provided in the argument are C and E.

Choise C explains that even if the reason for the stematically elongated figures was not the painters condition but may have been something else
Choice E explains the 'something else' factor for the argument to be invalid.

But the question does not seek an alternat explaination but asks why is the resoning given by the critics invalid,and choice C clearly addresses that.

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BEST ANALOGY TO UNDERSTAND OPTION C Quickly AND Easily,

if you still don't understand, then look through a magnifying glass at a letter, make a copy of the letter (while still looking through the glass), and then take the magnifying glass away. the letters will be the same size.
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New post 19 Aug 2017, 21:18
noboru wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 78
Page: 148

Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because______________.

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form

(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits

(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted

(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived

(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted


Beautiful question- what this question asks for is a reason that invalidates the arguments purported causation- El Greco's astigmatism. What C is actually saying is that El Greco would have been aware that he was painting the figures in a way that looked distorted. In other words, El Greco would be conscientious of what his paintings looked like- if he knew what his paintings looked like, even with astigmatism, then he must have painted the paintings that way on purpose.

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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 11:02
C is correct - El Greco would have perceived the images of people in his paintings as too long, relative to his perception of the people themselves. This means that even if El Greco did have astigmatism, that factor would not provide an answer to the question: Why did El Greco paint images that he knew were distorted?
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Re: The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) a   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2017, 11:02

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