GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 20 Feb 2019, 07:39

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free GMAT Prep Hour

February 20, 2019

February 20, 2019

08:00 PM EST

09:00 PM EST

Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. Wednesday, February 20th at 8 PM EST

February 21, 2019

February 21, 2019

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

Kick off your 2019 GMAT prep with a free 7-day boot camp that includes free online lessons, webinars, and a full GMAT course access. Limited for the first 99 registrants! Feb. 21st until the 27th.

# The overarching implications of discursive constructivism

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Board of Directors
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3353
The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 29 Nov 2017, 22:30
21
16
Question 1
00:00

based on 442 sessions

31% (03:43) correct 69% (03:33) wrong

### HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00

based on 425 sessions

52% (01:58) correct 48% (02:11) wrong

### HideShow timer Statistics

The overarching implications of discursive constructivism are realized in every aspect of reality in which language is involved, since language manifests our conceptual framework. Because something is the way it is because we bestow our perceptions onto it via language, examining the philosophy of language proves itself especially important in feminist discourse. Some feminists have advanced the notion of formulating a new reality more congenial to women by which women will liberate themselves from oppressive patriarchal discourses and thrive with their new found expressive capabilities.

The inherent maleness of language, in light of discursive constructivism, traps women in a hierarchy of patriarchal social relations in which they are delegated to the lower rungs. Language often represents maleness as the norm, obscures the existence and importance of women, and imbeds a male-centric worldview, creating a picture of the world more suited to men than women. The English language, among many others, engages in what Frye calls the absurd practice of sex-marking, in which language assigns a critical importance to gender in situations in which it is, in reality, irrelevant, thereby perpetuating the narrative that men and women are somehow irrevocably and fundamentally dissimilar.

The patriarchal nature of language cannot be denied as a general force, yet feminists are not entirely correct to say that the entirety of a language enforces a discriminatory narrative. Although a plethora of specific terms and usages which stifle women’s equality exist, certain neutral words are undeniably present which have escaped the male bias which afflicts so much of our semantic reality. It is important to note that the patriarchal structure of society does not grant men complete control over language, despite their immense influence in the creation of dictionaries, grammatical rules and usage guides.
Which of the following best summarizes the contents of the passage?

A. Since many linguistic constructs display no gender bias, the feminist argument that language creates the male-centric structure of our society that traps women in the lower rungs of a patriarchal hierarchy has no merit.

B. Feminists consider language, which, they argue, has a male bias and therefore devalues women, to be of great importance because of language’s effect on how we perceive reality, even though this critique, although correct in principle, is unfounded in some cases.

C. The feminist argument that language reflects the patriarchal order of society and therefore relegates women to a lower status has many merits but it is not entirely correct.

D. Discursive constructivism, the concept that language is an active agent in the creation of what we perceive as reality, is of great concern to feminists, but their concerns, while founded, are exaggerated.

E. Language imposes a patriarchal discourse biased against women and constitutes a grave concern to feminists, who, although aware of language as a force which shapes reality, believe it is only male-centric in certain aspects.

Which of the following sentences best exemplifies the use of male-centric language as the feminists cited in the passage portray it?

(A) A deficit of facts leaves an historian with no recourse but creative imagination or theoretical constructions, as both allow a reconstruction of events based on the historian's understanding of the period.

(B) The cognitive performance of teenage boys who consumed certain types of fish exceeded that of other boys their age, even when experimenters controlled for other facts such as parents' level of education and socioeconomic class.

(C) Lucrezia Borgia was renowned for her expensive tastes and lewd behavior, earning her a reputation as one of the most corrupt members of the most corrupt of Renaissance Italy's dynasties.

(D) In their eyes, the American, and by extension any denizen of the free world, was considered a fully formed individual while the Soviet was a slave, devoid of the freedom to speak his mind.

(E) The Venetians were energetic and brave sea and land farers and thus brought both riches for themselves and many technological innovations from the Orient to Europe.

_________________

Originally posted by carcass on 23 Nov 2012, 18:24.
Last edited by hazelnut on 29 Nov 2017, 22:30, edited 5 times in total.
Edited the post
Intern
Status: Edge of Extinction
Joined: 09 Sep 2012
Posts: 38
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Nov 2012, 22:04
5
First off, where did you get this passage from? There is some really funky grammar here (Ex: "Because something is the way it is because..." etc).

Secondly, here are my notes from reading the passage. I use short forms when taking notes, but that wouldn't help you, so here's a longer version of what I took down:

Para I - Language influences perception of reality. Important to feminists. Some feminists - want to change perceptions by new expressions.
Para II - Explanation: Language is male. Patriarchal trap. Women lower rung. Example: English. Frye.
Para III - However: All language does not enforce discrimination. Neutral words. Men dominate society but do not control language.

Now looking at my notes and the choices, this is how I went through them:

A - Too strong a dismissal of feminist explanation. Incorrect.
B - Very strong contender. Summarizes the main idea of the passage. Correct.

At this point if I was pressed for time, I'd mark B as correct and move on. However, lets take a look at the other choices too.

C - The only thing wrong here is the 'many merits' part. The passage doesn't discuss 'many merits' of the feminist argument. Incorrect.
D - The feminists concern is not exaggerated; the author themselves say that it is valid. Incorrect.
E - According to the passage, feminists believe language is male centric as a norm, not in just 'certain aspects'. Incorrect.

Hope this helped. Thanks for sharing.
_________________

The only ability the GMAT is an indicator of...is the ability to do well on the GMAT.

##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2011
Posts: 145
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Nov 2012, 22:15
3
A good RC.
Which of the following best summarizes the contents of the passage?

A. Since many linguistic constructs display no gender bias, the feminist argument that language creates the male-centric structure of our society that traps women in the lower rungs of a patriarchal hierarchy has no merit.Opposite view

B. Feminists consider language, which, they argue, has a male bias and therefore devalues women, to be of great importance because of language’s effect on how we perceive reality, even though this critique, although correct in principle, is unfounded in some cases.Not sure if it is wrong, but i am not sure what unfounded stands here as the critique himself tells this is not the case always

C. The feminist argument that language reflects the patriarchal order of society and therefore relegates women to a lower status has many merits but it is not entirely correct.merit is never discussed so wrong

D. Discursive constructivism, the concept that language is an active agent in the creation of what we perceive as reality, is of great concern to feminists, but their concerns, while founded, are exaggerated.maleness of language is a concern , so wrong

E. Language imposes a patriarchal discourse biased against women and constitutes a grave concern to feminists, who, although aware of language as a force which shapes reality, believe it is only male-centric in certain aspects. seems to me the best

Out of B and E , E seems to be the best.

in my opinion E. Please let me know the OA. and also plz correct my comments if i have gone wrong somewhere.
_________________

If u can't jump the 700 wall , drill a big hole and cross it .. I can and I WILL DO IT ...need some encouragement and inspirations from U ALL

Board of Directors
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3353
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 02:32
The source is this http://gmat.economist.com/ and based on my info is a well established Gmat company as you can see

Thanks to all of you
_________________
Director
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 929
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 03:33
The answer is B, still time a concern it took over 5 mins.
Board of Directors
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3353
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 06:33
3
Do not worry about too much.

Sometimes those RC are done more difficult than real passage: on one hand to gain customers and so on, on the other hand to teach the method or reasoning behind, to teach a METHOD of learning

In rc passage the best strategy (at least for me, but for upper level question is the best): read once and understand; ask yourself "what is the overall scope ?? this paragraph what role has ?? what is the spine of the passage ???

I always repeat myself: gmat needs a lot od dedication and time to build the concepts, digest them, understand an entire language (native and NO native)
_________________
Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2011
Posts: 145
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 07:16
Carcass if u have the explanations can u please post them.. I am not totally convinced why B why not E.
_________________

If u can't jump the 700 wall , drill a big hole and cross it .. I can and I WILL DO IT ...need some encouragement and inspirations from U ALL

Board of Directors
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3353
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 09:14
sujit2k7 wrote:
Carcass if u have the explanations can u please post them.. I am not totally convinced why B why not E.

read $$ONCE$$ read $$Carefullly$$

Quote:
The overarching implications of discursive constructivism are realized in every aspect of reality in which language is involved, since language manifests our conceptual framework. Because something is the way it is because we bestow our perceptions onto it via language, examining the philosophy of language proves itself especially important in feminist discourse. Some feminists have advanced the notion of formulating a new reality more congenial to women by which women will liberate themselves from oppressive patriarchal discourses and thrive with their new found expressive capabilities.

The inherent maleness of language, in light of discursive constructivism, traps women in a hierarchy of patriarchal social relations in which they are delegated to the lower rungs. Language often represents maleness as the norm, obscures the existence and importance of women, and imbeds a male-centric worldview, creating a picture of the world more suited to men than women. The English language, among many others, engages in what Frye calls the absurd practice of sex-marking, in which language assigns a critical importance to gender in situations in which it is, in reality, irrelevant, thereby perpetuating the narrative that men and women are somehow irrevocably and fundamentally dissimilar.

The patriarchal nature of language cannot be denied as a general force, yet feminists are not entirely correct to say that the entirety of a language enforces a discriminatory narrative. Although a plethora of specific terms and usages which stifle women’s equality exist, certain neutral words are undeniably present which have escaped the male bias which afflicts so much of our semantic reality. It is important to note that the patriarchal structure of society does not grant men complete control over language, despite their immense influence in the creation of dictionaries, grammatical rules and usage guides.

Quote:
B. Feminists consider language, which, they argue, has a male bias and therefore devalues women, to be of great importance because of language’s effect on how we perceive reality, even though this critique, although correct in principle, is unfounded in some cases.

The strategy for the main idea is to understand really but really to the big picture. If you read the entire passa 99.99 % of times pop up in front of you as soon as you read the answer choices

Quote:
D. Discursive constructivism, the concept that language is an active agent in the creation of what we perceive as reality, is of great concern to feminists, but their concerns, while founded, are exaggerated.

Is not properly the same
_________________
Intern
Joined: 24 Sep 2012
Posts: 35
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 09:54
I was confused between B and C. I selected C. But I understand why I was wrong.
Great passage! Thanks Carcass. Kudos!
Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2011
Posts: 145
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 22:06
Thnkx Carcass for ur post. My pick was E. Can you help me in discarding E.
_________________

If u can't jump the 700 wall , drill a big hole and cross it .. I can and I WILL DO IT ...need some encouragement and inspirations from U ALL

Board of Directors
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3353
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Nov 2012, 02:20
sujit2k7 wrote:
Thnkx Carcass for ur post. My pick was E. Can you help me in discarding E.

E is too specific as treated in the 2 paragraph
_________________
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8885
Location: Pune, India
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Dec 2012, 23:13
3
sujit2k7 wrote:
Thnkx Carcass for ur post. My pick was E. Can you help me in discarding E.

Responding to a pm:

E: Language imposes a patriarchal discourse biased against women and constitutes a grave concern to feminists, who, although aware of language as a force which shapes reality, believe it is only male-centric in certain aspects.

According to option E, feminists believe that language is male-centric in certain aspects.

According to the passage, feminists believe that entirety of language is male-centric. Read first line of third paragraph:

"The patriarchal nature of language cannot be denied as a general force, yet feminists are not entirely correct to say that the entirety of a language enforces a discriminatory narrative."

The author is telling us that the feminists say that the entirety of a language enforces a discriminatory narrative.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53020
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Mar 2014, 02:42
2
Bumping for review and further discussion*.

*New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE
_________________
Intern
Joined: 23 Aug 2013
Posts: 41
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Mar 2014, 10:29
Sorry to say, but what is this standard??? It took some 4 minutes to grasp the 1st paragraph!!! Then the next two.

Well, it was a pretty high standard question. Kudos to you. But, how often does 1 get to see such high standard RC ques??
Retired Moderator
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 839
Location: Switzerland
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: LBS MIF '19
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Sep 2015, 10:47

Regards
_________________

Saving was yesterday, heat up the gmatclub.forum's sentiment by spending KUDOS!

PS Please send me PM if I do not respond to your question within 24 hours.

Intern
Joined: 25 Oct 2015
Posts: 4
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 May 2016, 09:26
A very difficult passage
Manager
Joined: 08 Jul 2015
Posts: 56
GPA: 3.8
WE: Project Management (Energy and Utilities)
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 May 2016, 20:53
1
This is a good passage, took me 5'53'' but both wrong ans - however, I understand why.

Q1: I was choosing between B &D - on a closer look, it should be B instead of D because D is about "the concept that language is an active agent in the creation of what we perceive as reality, is of great concern to feminists," - which is not the case, here feminist concerned about the language sex-bias.

Q2: was trapped with the word "boys" in the ans while it doesn't really matter (B)--> after a closer look (D) seemed to be the most appropriate one after eliminated all other ans.

Thanks again.
_________________

[4.33] In the end, what would you gain from everlasting remembrance? Absolutely nothing. So what is left worth living for?
This alone: justice in thought, goodness in action, speech that cannot deceive, and a disposition glad of whatever comes, welcoming it as necessary, as familiar, as flowing from the same source and fountain as yourself. (Marcus Aurelius)

Intern
Joined: 13 Jun 2011
Posts: 23
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 May 2016, 21:13
carcass wrote:
sujit2k7 wrote:
Thnkx Carcass for ur post. My pick was E. Can you help me in discarding E.

E is too specific as treated in the 2 paragraph

Hello,

I did not understand this passage fully.And got both answer wrong.If you dont mind Could you kindly explain passage and both answer step by step
Manager
Joined: 01 Jul 2013
Posts: 68
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V26
GMAT 2: 590 Q49 V21
GPA: 2.8
WE: Other (Consulting)
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jun 2016, 06:10
Very good passage. We see such passages very rare in the exam. It took me 8:11 for both questions and got them correct.
Intern
Joined: 27 May 2013
Posts: 11
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2016, 10:25
Re: The overarching implications of discursive constructivism   [#permalink] 26 Oct 2016, 10:25

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 26 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by