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The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu

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The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Jun 2015, 04:35
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A
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The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II, but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation.

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed.

Only if you tried really hard:
A. This answer choice is grammatically incorrect and illogical. In the original sentence the use of the parallel verbs reconstruct and create is illogical, because it doesn't make sense to say that the goal of the plan was to both reconstruct (=rebuild) and create the same object (a more secure economic foundation). To reconstruct is to change or rebuild something that already exists, but to create is to bring something new into existence. In addition, the pronoun it in the second part of the sentence is ambiguous. It can refer to any of the preceding singular nouns in the sentence (e.g. opposition, or Plan).

B. While this answer choice corrects the Pronoun ambiguity mistake in the original question by changing its to European and by changing it to the plan, it is grammatically incorrect.
By changing The United States' proposal to the United States proposed, the corrected sentence creates a Dangling Modifier mistake. The corrected sentence begins with a modifier: Known as the Marshall Plan. A modifier should be placed right next to the noun it describes. However, what immediately follows the modifier is the United States, and the United States is not known as the Marshall Plan. What helps us identify this question as a Dangling Modifier question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

A modifier, characterized by all of the following:
1. Verb+ing or Verb in 3rd form
2. Separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma
3. Appears at the very beginning of the sentence

Whenever you see this Stop Sign, focus on the modifier: check whether the noun right after the modifier is indeed the noun that the modifier describes. If it isn't - you've found your mistake.

C. While this answer choice is grammatically correct, it is stylistically flawed and slightly changes the meaning of the original sentence. This answer choice corrects the logical mistake in the original sentence by breaking up the parallel verbs reconstruct and create, and matching reconstruct with Western Europe and create with a more secure..foundation. However, with the sentence rearranged, it is difficult to grasp the meaning of the sentence, making it confusing and unclear. The designation the Marshall Plan is introduced before we are told what the Marshall Plan is. The subject of the sentence changes too, from the United State's proposal to the USSR. Instead of telling us something about the U.S. initiative, the perspective changes to the USSR. This is a departure from the gist of the original sentence. In addition, in the aftermath of World War II is awkwardly placed between the proposal and its definition and as it is a time expression, it would be better placed at the beginning or end of the sentence or idea to which it belongs. Some GMAT Sentence Correction questions are more focused on testing your grasp of style than of grammar. This answer choice gives you a feel for this kind of question.

D. This answer choice corrects the logical mistake in the original sentence by breaking up the parallel construction reconstruct and create, and matching the verb reconstruct with Western Europe and the verb create with a more secure..foundation. In addition, this answer choice eliminates the ambiguity of the original sentence by repeating the word the plan instead of using the pronoun it to refer to the Marshall plan.

E. This answer choice is grammatically incorrect and illogical, as well as stylistically flawed. The use of the Past Perfect tense (had proposed) is incorrect. For actions that occurred at a specific point in the past, such as in the aftermath of World War II, the appropriate tense to use is Past Simple. Remember that certain time expressions indicate when Past Simple is correct. e.g. yesterday, ago, during, in. Also, the Past Perfect tense is normally used to show that one finished action in the past occurred before another. In this sentence there is no such comparison. In addition, the use of the plural pronoun they is ambiguous and confusing: the location of they in the corrected sentence's second clause suggests that it refers to USSR, but this would be grammatically incorrect (USSR is singular). If they is taken to refer to the plural noun countries this would create an awkward construction - since countries appears in the first clause, before the semicolon. Furthermore, the sentence would be illogical, since the Western European countries did not oppose the Marshall Plan.

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Originally posted by reto on 11 Jun 2015, 12:18.
Last edited by reto on 12 Jun 2015, 04:35, edited 1 time in total.
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The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. --- The reference of 'it' gives a cause for concern -- it could be either the proposal or the plan or the foundation.

B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. -- modification problem

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation. -- 'its' is a problem. It could be the USSR's or the Western Europe's.

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. ---- looks the best.


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed. -- 1.had proposed is a problem. It has to go in tandem with the past tense of the USSR's view. 2. 'They' has no logical antecedent.

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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2015, 04:12
reto wrote:

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.


Hello Reto

Despite your excellent explanation, I have an additional query -

Does the appositive phrase "known as Marshall Plan" incorrectly modify "World War II" ?

Thanks.
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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2015, 04:28
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pavankarwa123 wrote:
reto wrote:

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.


Hello Reto

Despite your excellent explanation, I have an additional query -

Does the appositive phrase "known as Marshall Plan" incorrectly modify "World War II" ?

Thanks.


Hi Pavankarwa

No it doesn't in my view. The whole sentence has one subject and therefore it's clear that "known as Marshall Plan" refers directly to the preceeding subject "United States' Proposal":
"The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II", ....

However I am not the EXPERT here. Maybe my answer confirms your view?

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New post 12 Jun 2015, 04:55
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reto wrote:

Hi Pavankarwa

No it doesn't in my view. The whole sentence has one subject and therefore it's clear that "known as Marshall Plan" refers directly to the preceeding subject "United States' Proposal":
"The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II", ....

However I am not the EXPERT here. Maybe my answer confirms your view?

Cheers


Reto,

First of all, all your posts are food for thought! :)
Just scoured and found that you are correct!

Ref : Q113, Page 267, The Official Guide for Verbal Review 2015

Correct Answer - In A.D. 391, as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world, later generations lost all.......

Clearly, the appositive "the largest of the ancient world" modifies library and not Alexandria!

My Takeaway - Appositives need not necessarily modify the preceding Noun only!

Thanks again!
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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2015, 05:05
pavankarwa123 wrote:
reto wrote:

Hi Pavankarwa

No it doesn't in my view. The whole sentence has one subject and therefore it's clear that "known as Marshall Plan" refers directly to the preceeding subject "United States' Proposal":
"The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II", ....

However I am not the EXPERT here. Maybe my answer confirms your view?

Cheers


Reto,

First of all, all your posts are food for thought! :)
Just scoured and found that you are correct!

Ref : Q113, Page 267, The Official Guide for Verbal Review 2015

Correct Answer - In A.D. 391, as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world, later generations lost all.......

Clearly, the appositive "the largest of the ancient world" modifies library and not Alexandria!

My Takeaway - Appositives need not necessarily modify the preceding Noun only!

Thanks again!


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All I do is posting questions I have troubles with :) Everything from The Economist.
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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2015, 07:37
The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. Antecedent of it is ambiguous

B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II, but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. - Should be proposal not proposed

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation. - Awkward, doesn't make sense

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. a comma is missing - I think this is most logical choice and only a comma is needed after economies and before met


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed. - Wrong use of which, past perfect tense not required
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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 11:56
daagh wrote:
The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. --- The reference of 'it' gives a cause for concern -- it could be either the proposal or the plan or the foundation.

B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. -- modification problem

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation. -- 'its' is a problem. It could be the USSR's or the Western Europe's.

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. ---- looks the best.


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed. -- 1.had proposed is a problem. It has to go in tandem with the past tense of the USSR's view. 2. 'They' has no logical antecedent.


I dont see why A is wrong, the proposal is known as the marshal plan, so i dont see any ambiguity to the "it"
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New post 10 May 2018, 14:14
chisichei: it can refer to the foundation or the Marshall plan.
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New post 11 May 2018, 05:22
chisichei wrote:
daagh wrote:
The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. --- The reference of 'it' gives a cause for concern -- it could be either the proposal or the plan or the foundation.

B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. -- modification problem

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation. -- 'its' is a problem. It could be the USSR's or the Western Europe's.

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. ---- looks the best.


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed. -- 1.had proposed is a problem. It has to go in tandem with the past tense of the USSR's view. 2. 'They' has no logical antecedent.


I dont see why A is wrong, the proposal is known as the marshal plan, so i dont see any ambiguity to the "it"


My take,

In A pronoun 'it' is not a bigger issue but the modifier 'known as the Marshal Plan', this modifier is placed too far from the modified entity 'United States' Proposal'. This error is nicely corrected in D.

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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2018, 06:02
daagh wrote:
The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. --- The reference of 'it' gives a cause for concern -- it could be either the proposal or the plan or the foundation.

B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. -- modification problem

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation. -- 'its' is a problem. It could be the USSR's or the Western Europe's.

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. ---- looks the best.


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed. -- 1.had proposed is a problem. It has to go in tandem with the past tense of the USSR's view. 2. 'They' has no logical antecedent.



I have doubt in answer choice C.
I think verb is missing as "met" can be viewed as Verb-ed modifier modifying economies.
In my opinion, there should be comma after economies and "met" be replaced by "was met"

Please clarify.
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New post 11 May 2018, 06:22
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sumitgoyal2727 wrote:
daagh wrote:
The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. --- The reference of 'it' gives a cause for concern -- it could be either the proposal or the plan or the foundation.

B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. -- modification problem

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation. -- 'its' is a problem. It could be the USSR's or the Western Europe's.

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. ---- looks the best.


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed. -- 1.had proposed is a problem. It has to go in tandem with the past tense of the USSR's view. 2. 'They' has no logical antecedent.



I have doubt in answer choice C.
I think verb is missing as "met" can be viewed as Verb-ed modifier modifying economies.
In my opinion, there should be comma after economies and "met" be replaced by "was met"

Please clarify.


Hi, I think you are talking about D

Let me try,

Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc

Here 'met' is a verb for subject 'proposal'.

If you consider 'met' is a modifier (verb-ed) here then it must be modifying 'economics', which makes no sense to say 'economics met opposition from the USSR'.
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New post 12 May 2018, 19:50
Kchaudhary wrote:
sumitgoyal2727 wrote:
daagh wrote:
The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. --- The reference of 'it' gives a cause for concern -- it could be either the proposal or the plan or the foundation.

B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. -- modification problem

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation. -- 'its' is a problem. It could be the USSR's or the Western Europe's.

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc. ---- looks the best.


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed. -- 1.had proposed is a problem. It has to go in tandem with the past tense of the USSR's view. 2. 'They' has no logical antecedent.



I have doubt in answer choice C.
I think verb is missing as "met" can be viewed as Verb-ed modifier modifying economies.
In my opinion, there should be comma after economies and "met" be replaced by "was met"

Please clarify.


Hi, I think you are talking about D

Let me try,

Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc

Here 'met' is a verb for subject 'proposal'.

If you consider 'met' is a modifier (verb-ed) here then it must be modifying 'economics', which makes no sense to say 'economics met opposition from the USSR'.



Hi!!
The United States Proposal met with opposition from the USSR.
Is this sentence correct??
Here met is acting as a verb or Verb-ed modifier??
Please explain??
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New post 12 May 2018, 20:21
I have doubt in answer choice C.
I think verb is missing as "met" can be viewed as Verb-ed modifier modifying economies.
In my opinion, there should be comma after economies and "met" be replaced by "was met"

Please clarify.[/quote]

Hi, I think you are talking about D

Let me try,

Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc

Here 'met' is a verb for subject 'proposal'.

If you consider 'met' is a modifier (verb-ed) here then it must be modifying 'economics', which makes no sense to say 'economics met opposition from the USSR'.[/quote]


Hi!!
The United States Proposal met with opposition from the USSR.
Is this sentence correct??
Here met is acting as a verb or Verb-ed modifier??
Please explain??[/quote]

Yes, this sentence is correct.
A sentence must have a subject and a verb, and it must convey a logical meaning.
Here the subject is 'proposal ' and the verb is 'met'.

If you consider it a verb-ed modifier then we have a fragment. A statement without verb.
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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2018, 11:54
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Hello mikemcgarry / souvik101990 / abhimahna - could you please let me know if my reasoning is correct.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.
a.1 "it" brings a bit of ambiguity here , however US's proposal and Marahall Plan are the same thing. So I don't think we can
reject the choice because of this.
a.2 "known as the Marshall Plan" is placed far away from the US's proposal. We can look for choices which are better in this
aspect.


B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II, but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.
b.1 - It corrects the points raised in a2.
b.2 - however here the meaning is changed. As per B , We are saying that the US proposed to help in the aftermath of world
war 2. As per the the original sentence US's proposal was to help in the aftermath of the world war2.

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation.
c1 - meaning is changed - as per choice c - USSR opposed the proposal in the aftermath of world war 2.
c2 - its can refer to US's as well as USSR's

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.
d1 - Corrects Issue A2. Every thing else looks fine. This is the correct choice.


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed.
e1 - Again the meaning is changed , as per this choice US proposed to help in the aftermath if world war 2.
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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2018, 06:47
madhukaramar wrote:
Could you please let me know if my reasoning is correct.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.
a.1 "it" brings a bit of ambiguity here , however US's proposal and Marahall Plan are the same thing. So I don't think we can
reject the choice because of this.
a.2 "known as the Marshall Plan" is placed far away from the US's proposal. We can look for choices which are better in this
aspect.


B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II, but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.
b.1 - It corrects the points raised in a2. --> This actually causes another problem. It implies US was known as the Marshall Plan. This is wrong. (Source - Modifier Comma rule).
b.2 - however here the meaning is changed. As per B , We are saying that the US proposed to help in the aftermath of world
war 2. As per the the original sentence US's proposal was to help in the aftermath of the world war2.

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation.
c1 - meaning is changed - as per choice c - USSR opposed the proposal in the aftermath of world war 2.
c2 - its can refer to US's as well as USSR's

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.
d1 - Corrects Issue A2. Every thing else looks fine. This is the correct choice.


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed.
e1 - Again the meaning is changed , as per this choice US proposed to help in the aftermath if world war 2.
e2 - What is "this" here? Proposal or the reconstruction undergoing or creating a secure foundation?


Hey madhukaramar ,

I like the way you attempted this question. Most of your reasoning is correct. I have added just a few points as highlighted.

Does that make sense?
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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2018, 02:55
abhimahna wrote:
madhukaramar wrote:
Could you please let me know if my reasoning is correct.

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.
a.1 "it" brings a bit of ambiguity here , however US's proposal and Marahall Plan are the same thing. So I don't think we can
reject the choice because of this.
a.2 "known as the Marshall Plan" is placed far away from the US's proposal. We can look for choices which are better in this
aspect.


B. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States proposed to help reconstruct Western Europe and create a more secure economic foundation for European countries in the aftermath of World War II, but met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.
b.1 - It corrects the points raised in a2. --> This actually causes another problem. It implies US was known as the Marshall Plan. This is wrong. (Source - Modifier Comma rule).
b.2 - however here the meaning is changed. As per B , We are saying that the US proposed to help in the aftermath of world
war 2. As per the the original sentence US's proposal was to help in the aftermath of the world war2.

C. Viewing the Marshall Plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, the USSR opposed the United States' proposal, in the aftermath of World War II, to help reconstruct Western Europe and create for its countries a more secure economic foundation.
c1 - meaning is changed - as per choice c - USSR opposed the proposal in the aftermath of world war 2.
c2 - its can refer to US's as well as USSR's

D. Known as the Marshall Plan, the United States' proposal to help reconstruct Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II and create a more secure foundation for their economies met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed the plan chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.
d1 - Corrects Issue A2. Every thing else looks fine. This is the correct choice.


E. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States had proposed to help the countries and economies of Western Europe undergo reconstruction by creating a more secure foundation for their economies; this was viewed by the USSR chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc, which they opposed.
e1 - Again the meaning is changed , as per this choice US proposed to help in the aftermath if world war 2.
e2 - What is "this" here? Proposal or the reconstruction undergoing or creating a secure foundation?


Hey madhukaramar ,

I like the way you attempted this question. Most of your reasoning is correct. I have added just a few points as highlighted.

Does that make sense?


Thanks abhimahna - yes i get the point. In choice B - "Known as the Marshall Plan" is a noun phase and thus it is modifying US. This is incorrect. Thanks once again.
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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2018, 13:10
Can anyone throw some more light as to why option A is wrong?
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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2018, 01:05
nightvision wrote:
Can anyone throw some more light as to why option A is wrong?


Hey nightvision ,

A has two issues:

1. The placement of the modifier "known as the Marshall Plan". It implied world war 2 was known as the Marshall plan. It is trying to modifying the noun before the comma. This is wrong.

2. The presence of "it" as shown in blue below. It is not clear to which noun it is referring to. Is it referring to the proposal, the plan or USSR itself?

A. The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secure economic foundation for Western European countries in the aftermath of World War II, known as the Marshall Plan, met with opposition from the USSR, which viewed it chiefly as an attempt to undermine the consolidation of the Soviet Bloc.

Does that make sense?
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Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2018, 10:38
The Marshall Plan was met with opposition...is in none of the choices and is the correct way to state that sentence.
Re: The United States' proposal to help reconstruct and create a more secu &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jun 2018, 10:38
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