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# To improve the town’s overcrowded school system, the town council ha

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To improve the town’s overcrowded school system, the town council ha  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2016, 06:07
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To improve the town’s overcrowded school system, the town council has proposed an ambitious education plan to reduce classroom size and make capital improvements—a plan they intend to pay for with an increase in property taxes for homes valued over \$500,000. Although the school system desperately needs improving, the town council’s plan should be defeated because the majority of the people who would end up paying for the improvements receive no benefit from them.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) The town’s school system is currently ranked among the worst in the state.

(B) Other towns nearby that have made similar capital improvements did not find that the improvements translated to a better quality of education.

(C) The town will need to spend additional money on architect’s plans for the capital improvements.

(D) An examination of the tax rolls shows that most homeowners in this category no longer have school-age children.

(E) Some homeowners will delay home improvement projects in order to keep the value of their homes below \$500,000.

Which of the following, if true, provides the town council with the strongest counter to the objection that its plan is unfair?

(A) Even with the proposed increase, property taxes in the town are well below the national average.

(B) Paying for the school system improvements using existing town funds will result in shortfalls that will force the town into arrears.

(C) The teachers in the town’s school system receive some of the lowest salary packages in the immediate area, which is a major cause of attrition.

(D) Smaller class sizes and capital improvements in a school system tend to increase property values in the surrounding community.

(E) A feasibility study has shown that the cost of the improvements will likely be 20% higher than projected.

Spoiler: :: OA
D and D

Spoiler: :: OE
D

The author is arguing to nix the plan to improve the schools. We want to strengthen his argument, but before we do, there is usually at least one answer choice that actually weakens the argument. It is helpful to get rid of these first, since they are usually easier to spot. In this case, choice (A) gives a compelling reason to improve the school system; eliminate it. Now, the reason the author gives for defeating the plan is that the people who pay for it will not benefit. To strengthen this argument, we need to show why this would be true. Choice (B) is against the school improvements, but for a different reason: in other towns, similar improvements didn’t increase the quality of education. While important in the real world, this is slightly outside the scope of this argument. Choice (C) provides another possible negative of the plan, but again it doesn’t show why the people who pay for it will not benefit. Choice (E) implies that taxpayers will delay their own capital improvements to avoid paying for the schools’ capital improvements, but again this doesn’t strengthen the author’s particular argument— that the plan should be defeated because the people who must pay for it do not benefit. The best answer is (D), which explains how this could be true: Most of the people slotted to pay for the school improvements don’t even have school-age children.

D

The author says the plan is unfair to the people who must pay for it. How do we counter that? By showing that they actually do receive a benefit. Before we weaken the author’s argument, let’s eliminate any answers that strengthen it. In this case, that means only choice (E). Now, choice (A) points out that property taxes would still be quite low even after the increase, but that doesn’t mean the increase is fair. Choice (B) tells us why an alternate way to finance the improvements won’t work, but doesn’t address the fairness of the way being discussed. Choice (C) tells us why the funds are urgently needed, but again doesn’t show that the people who have to supply the funds actually would receive a benefit. Choice (D) finally gives us a reason the property tax increase might actually benefit those who pay for it: Good schools translates to higher property values.

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Re: To improve the town’s overcrowded school system, the town council ha  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2016, 07:46
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(D) An examination of the tax rolls shows that most homeowners in this category no longer have school-age children. -> it's coherent with "the town council’s plan should be defeated because the majority of the people who would end up paying for the improvements receive no benefit from them. "

(D) Smaller class sizes and capital improvements in a school system tend to increase property values in the surrounding community. -> homeowners will receive a benefit too, the increase of value of their house
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Re: To improve the town’s overcrowded school system, the town council ha  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2016, 08:47
I will go for option D for both the questions. OA Plz ?
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Re: To improve the town’s overcrowded school system, the town council ha  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2016, 08:51
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Agree with n2223 & spetznaz both the answer are D
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Re: To improve the town’s overcrowded school system, the town council ha  [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2017, 07:03
To improve the town’s overcrowded school system, the town council has proposed an ambitious education plan to reduce classroom size and make capital improvements—a plan they intend to pay for with an increase in property taxes for homes valued over \$500,000. Although the school system desperately needs improving, the town council’s plan should be defeated because the majority of the people who would end up paying for the improvements receive no benefit from them.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

Analysis:
It says that improvement of school system can be achieved by reducing size + capital improvements -> this capital will be paid by the ones who own homes>500k
We need to strengthen: "town council’s plan should be defeated because the majority of the people who would end up paying for the improvements receive no benefit from them" - meaning the ones who own homes>500 k will not benefit from the plan of improving the school system

(A) The town’s school system is currently ranked among the worst in the state. -- Ranking has got nothing to do with this
(B) Other towns nearby that have made similar capital improvements did not find that the improvements translated to a better quality of education. -- again quality has got nothing to do with this
(C) The town will need to spend additional money on architect’s plans for the capital improvements. -- again pointless, the ones who have homes >500k, would it be a problem for them to pay this extra cost? Most probably no.. but anyways we have information to say a Yes or a No to this question..
(D) An examination of the tax rolls shows that most homeowners in this category no longer have school-age children. -- if the ones who are paying have no school children, so how will this plan benefit them? It cannot and therefore the plan will be defeated. CORRECT option
(E) Some homeowners will delay home improvement projects in order to keep the value of their homes below \$500,000. -- out of scope completely
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Re: To improve the town’s overcrowded school system, the town council ha  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2019, 22:59
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Re: To improve the town’s overcrowded school system, the town council ha   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 22:59
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