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# Virtually undisturbed for the last three centuries on their

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Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2008
Posts: 168
Virtually undisturbed for the last three centuries on their [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2009, 22:01
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Virtually undisturbed for the last three centuries on their starkly beautiful islands near the edge of the Arctic Circle, the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that bring warmth to their harsh environment.

A. the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that bring warmth

B. the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that brings warmth

C. evolving folkways and a life-style were evolved by the Lofotens inhabitants to bring warmth

D. evolving folkways and a life-style brought warmth to the Lofotens inhabitants as well as

E. warmth-bringing folkways and life-styles have been evolved by the inhabitants of the Lofotens
Manager
Joined: 02 Aug 2007
Posts: 221
Schools: Life

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11 Feb 2009, 22:53
ConkergMat wrote:
Virtually undisturbed for the last three centuries on their starkly beautiful islands near the edge of the Arctic Circle, the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that bring warmth to their harsh environment.

A. the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that bring warmth

B. the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that brings warmth

C. evolving folkways and a life-style were evolved by the Lofotens inhabitants to bring warmth

D. evolving folkways and a life-style brought warmth to the Lofotens inhabitants as well as

E. warmth-bringing folkways and life-styles have been evolved by the inhabitants of the Lofotens

IMO B.
"the inhabitants" are the subject.
"a life-style" is singular, so "brings warmth"
Manager
Joined: 10 Jan 2009
Posts: 107

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11 Feb 2009, 23:30
A. the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that bring warmth

B. the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that brings warmth

C. evolving folkways and a life-style were evolved by the Lofotens inhabitants to bring warmth

D. evolving folkways and a life-style brought warmth to the Lofotens inhabitants as well as

E. warmth-bringing folkways and life-styles have been evolved by the inhabitants of the Lofotens

My Explanation:
---------------
A. Subject-verb agreement ---> The words 'evolved folkways and a life-style' together act as subject (compound subject) for the correct plural verb 'bring'.

B. Subject-verb disagreement ---> Plural subject with Singular verb

C. Misplaced modifier

D. Misplaced modifier

E. Misplaced modifier
---------------

My choice is A.

Hope that helps.
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Last edited by Technext on 11 Feb 2009, 23:46, edited 1 time in total.
SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1765
Location: New York

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11 Feb 2009, 23:45
C,D, E have modifer issues.

compund subject need "bring"

agree with A
.
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Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2008
Posts: 168

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12 Feb 2009, 08:08
Some more clarification on the rule if possible...would be great.

the inhabitants have evolved X and a Y that (bring/brings)

Wasn't the rule on numerous questions we do that its the noun
closes to "that" that determines the tense.
If we apply that rule, we need brings.

If we consider plural (X and a Y) that, then we need "bring".

My question is how to apply these rules. Should we look at meaning or
Does "and" get preference over "that" in determining the different sub parts of the
sentence structure?
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 May 2008
Posts: 420
Schools: Kellogg Class of 2012

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12 Feb 2009, 08:23
I think because of the presence of 'a', this cannot be treated as a compound subject( my opinion)

Furthermore, 'that' seems to modify the word placed immediately next to it. I'll go with B

Cheers,
Unplugged
Manager
Joined: 02 Aug 2007
Posts: 221
Schools: Life

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12 Feb 2009, 13:09
xALIx wrote:
ConkergMat wrote:
Virtually undisturbed for the last three centuries on their starkly beautiful islands near the edge of the Arctic Circle, the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that bring warmth to their harsh environment.

A. the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that bring warmth

B. the inhabitants of the Lofotens have evolved folkways and a life-style that brings warmth

C. evolving folkways and a life-style were evolved by the Lofotens inhabitants to bring warmth

D. evolving folkways and a life-style brought warmth to the Lofotens inhabitants as well as

E. warmth-bringing folkways and life-styles have been evolved by the inhabitants of the Lofotens

IMO B.
"the inhabitants" are the subject.
"a life-style" is singular, so "brings warmth"

On second thought its A, because "folkways and a life-style" are plural, thus require the plural verb bring.
VP
Joined: 18 May 2008
Posts: 1205

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12 Feb 2009, 22:04
Tring Tring....conkergmat, OA pls.........
Manager
Joined: 10 Jan 2009
Posts: 98

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12 Feb 2009, 23:28
ConkergMat wrote:
Some more clarification on the rule if possible...would be great.

the inhabitants have evolved X and a Y that (bring/brings)

Wasn't the rule on numerous questions we do that its the noun
closes to "that" that determines the tense.
If we apply that rule, we need brings.

If we consider plural (X and a Y) that, then we need "bring".

My question is how to apply these rules. Should we look at meaning or
Does "and" get preference over "that" in determining the different sub parts of the
sentence structure?

Wasn't the rule on numerous questions we do that its the noun
closes to "that" that determines the tense.

I think you can update the NOUN to NOUN PHRASE.

In this Q:
... evolved folkways and a life-style that bring/brings warmth ...
... evolved X that bring/brings warmth ...

X(NP) = folkways and a life-style
In the above Q the relative pronoun is actually connecting the X ( which was evolved ) ( noun phrase ) and not just a part of the evolution to the rest of the sentence.

Also, if you force the verb to be singular , just think , you are actually saying that only a part of the evolution ( life-style ) brings the effect. Which is never the intension of the sentence.

If I write ,
I cooked lamb and dog food that my guest ate well. NOK [ Depends on your guest ]
We cannot say here,
I cooked X that my guest ate well. [ Its doesn't work here ... u c ]

So X is not connected here, it should be just the lamb.
I cooked lamb that my guest ate well and dog food .

Even if you try,
I cooked dog food and lamb that my guest ate well. [ Not a very good option , but preferable than guests directly eating the dog food ]

Hope it helps.

If you find examples conflicting to the explanations above , I am ready to discuss.
Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2008
Posts: 168

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13 Feb 2009, 06:24
OA is A.

Thanks all.
Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2008
Posts: 168
Re: SC: Subj-Verb agreement. (2) [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2009, 07:52
Ok lets do more on the same subject. Here do you pick the Noun Phrase or the noun before that?

With its abundance of noun inflections, Icelandic is one of several Germanic languages that is compact when written but can lengthen considerably when translated into English.

(A) is compact when written but can lengthen considerably when translated into English
(B) are compact when they are written, but they can lengthen considerably when they are translated in English
(C) is compact when written but can lengthen considerably when being translated into English
(D) are compact when written but can lengthen considerably in English translation
(E) is compact when it is written but can lengthen considerably when translated in English
Manager
Joined: 10 Jan 2009
Posts: 98

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13 Feb 2009, 10:06
1
KUDOS
rose is one of the flowers that is loved by women .....
Here, we are relating the that to rose.
All the flowers may not be liked by women.

rose is one of the flowers that are loved by women .....
Here, we are relating the that to flowers.
So there exists a segment of flowers liked by women
and happens to be one of them.

In your question if I connect THAT to Icelandic , the senteance would mean Icelandic is only "compact when written but can lengthen considerably" but not very clear about "several Germanic languages".

To maintain the intended meaning we have to connect that with languages here.

Most of the time That connect with the word just before sentence. But GMAT can prey on this.

So here between B and D, I will go for D.

But yes , I will try some example where that could connect to another noun ( not just preceeding it )

[1] Harry is one of the students who does not cheat.
[2] Harry is one of the students who do not cheat.

( sorry could not frame with that, but used RP WHO )

[1] is fair enough to mean that all the other students cheat
Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 696

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23 Apr 2009, 12:51
gmatavenue wrote:
rose is one of the flowers that is loved by women .....
Here, we are relating the that to rose.
All the flowers may not be liked by women.

rose is one of the flowers that are loved by women .....
Here, we are relating the that to flowers.
So there exists a segment of flowers liked by women
and happens to be one of them.

In your question if I connect THAT to Icelandic , the senteance would mean Icelandic is only "compact when written but can lengthen considerably" but not very clear about "several Germanic languages".

To maintain the intended meaning we have to connect that with languages here.

Most of the time That connect with the word just before sentence. But GMAT can prey on this.

So here between B and D, I will go for D.

But yes , I will try some example where that could connect to another noun ( not just preceeding it )

[1] Harry is one of the students who does not cheat.
[2] Harry is one of the students who do not cheat.

( sorry could not frame with that, but used RP WHO )

[1] is fair enough to mean that all the other students cheat

gmatavenue, Nice explanation. +1 for ya.
Manager
Joined: 02 Mar 2009
Posts: 130

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26 Apr 2009, 08:28
Congermat..for your second question, I'll go for A. For 'One of' a singular verb works better I think. What is the OA?
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 308
Location: Washington DC

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27 Apr 2009, 08:07
My bet is on A. Since sentence says Icelandic is one of the languages that(is/are), I will choose is. Reason if we look for the subject, one(singular). That is the relative pronoun, which refers to nearest noun or pronoun. However of the languages is proposition, which could be ignored when looking for the subject in the sentence. Source--English Grammar for dummies.

Please let me know whats the OA.
Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Apr 2009
Posts: 301

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29 Apr 2009, 19:47
I will also go with A , explanations are already provided. OA please
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Manager
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02 May 2009, 14:51
IMO A, and not because "bring" refers to compound subject, but because "bring" refers to a compound object.
Re: SC: Subj-Verb agreement.   [#permalink] 02 May 2009, 14:51
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