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Intern  Joined: 09 Jun 2014
Posts: 9
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V37 What is the greatest 6-digit number when divided by?  [#permalink]

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4 00:00

Difficulty:   5% (low)

Question Stats: 83% (01:06) correct 17% (01:51) wrong based on 140 sessions

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What is the greatest 6-digit number when divided by 6, 7 ,8 , 9, and 10 leaves a remainder of 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 respectively?

A. 456780
B. 678910
C. 997479
D. 997918
E. 997920
GMAT Tutor G
Joined: 24 Jun 2008
Posts: 1805
Re: What is the greatest 6-digit number when divided by?  [#permalink]

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1
When you divide a positive integer by 10, the remainder will just be the units digit. We know the remainder is 8 when we divide by 10, so D is the only possible answer.

Or you could use the remainder by 9 -- if you want to know a large number's remainder when you divide by 9, you can sum its digits, and then take the remainder of that sum when you divide by 9. Only answer D gives you a sum of digits with a remainder of 7 when you divide the sum by 9.
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Magoosh GMAT Instructor G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4472
Re: What is the greatest 6-digit number when divided by?  [#permalink]

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sandeepk123 wrote:
What is the greatest 6-digit number when divided by 6, 7 ,8 , 9, and 10 leaves a remainder of 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 respectively?

A. 456780
B. 678910
C. 997479
D. 997918
E. 997920

Dear sandeepk123,
I'm happy to respond. My friend, it is very hard to write truly GMAT-like Quant questions. It's true that in a good GMAT question, it may look very complicated but involve an easy shortcut, as this one does. The shortcut here, though, is a bit too easy: the remainder when dividing by 10 has to be the units digit. Once one sees the shortcut, there is absolutely no work, and I imagine a large number of students will see this shortcut.

My friend, I don't know if you are familiar with the idea of Item Response Theory. This is the science of what constitutes a truly high quality test question. The psychometricians who design the GMAT are experts in Item Response Theory. I only know a little about it myself. The gist is that a well-written question really strikes this delicate balance: many students find the question challenging, or are persuaded by incorrect trap answers, and only high performing students choose the correct answer. This question has an obvious right answer, but there is really no inducement for anyone, other than a blind guesser, to choose any of the other four answers. The questions would likely show similar performance among high performers and low performers. Thus, it is not an item that discriminates between users well.

There are many layers involved in writing a truly GMAT-worthy math question. It's not just a matter of being clever with the math itself.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: What is the greatest 6-digit number when divided by?  [#permalink]

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sandeepk123 wrote:
What is the greatest 6-digit number when divided by 6, 7 ,8 , 9, and 10 leaves a remainder of 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 respectively?

A. 456780
B. 678910
C. 997479
D. 997918
E. 997920

There is a relation between divisors and remainder, which is remainders is 2 less than divisor, that is, remainder = divisor - 2.

And the answer should be a common multiple of ( 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 ) - 2 as follows.

Let $$L$$ be the $$LCM(6,7,8,9,10)$$. Then $$L = 2^3 3^2 5^1 7^1 = 2520$$.

$$2,520 * 400 - 2,520 * 4 = 1,008,000 - 10,080 = 997,920$$

Therefore, the answer is $$997,920 - 2 = 997,918$$.

The correct choice is D
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Re: What is the greatest 6-digit number when divided by?  [#permalink]

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sandeepk123 wrote:
What is the greatest 6-digit number when divided by 6, 7 ,8 , 9, and 10 leaves a remainder of 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 respectively?

A. 456780
B. 678910
C. 997479
D. 997918
E. 997920

OA: D

Options A, B and E are divisible by 10 i.e remainder is Zero.
C gives a remainder of 9 when divided by 10.
Only D gives a remainder of 8 when divided by 10.
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Good, good Let the kudos flow through you Re: What is the greatest 6-digit number when divided by?   [#permalink] 16 Oct 2018, 08:55
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