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# What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided

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Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2009
Posts: 73
What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2009, 09:50
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

76% (01:17) correct 24% (01:38) wrong based on 207 sessions

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What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by the positive integer k, where k > 1?

(1) n = (k + 1)^3
(2) k = 5

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VP
Joined: 05 Mar 2008
Posts: 1405
Re: Division by K - Remainder - Gmat Prep  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2009, 10:44
pierrealexandre77 wrote:
Hi guys,

easiest way is just start substituting numbers for K

if K = 2 n = 27 27/2 leaves remainder 1
if k = 3 n = 64/3 leaves remainder 1
Senior Manager
Joined: 30 Aug 2009
Posts: 270
Location: India
Concentration: General Management
Re: Division by K - Remainder - Gmat Prep  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2009, 10:46
pierrealexandre77 wrote:
Hi guys,

given that both n and k are +ve integers and k>1 with option 1 for any value of k>1 the remainder will always be 1. hence suff

option 2 says nothing abt n.hence insuff

hence A
Manager
Joined: 24 Jul 2009
Posts: 67
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 590 Q48 V24
Re: Division by K - Remainder - Gmat Prep  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2009, 10:52
A: Sufficient as we get a unique value of remainder = 1 when for K=2,3,4,5.....
B: Not Sufficient.

Ans: A
Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2009
Posts: 73
Re: Division by K - Remainder - Gmat Prep  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2009, 10:53
kp1811 wrote:
pierrealexandre77 wrote:
Hi guys,

given that both n and k are +ve integers and k>1 with option 1 for any value of k>1 the remainder will always be 1. hence suff

option 2 says nothing abt n.hence insuff

hence A

I understand with the picking number methodology, but is there a formal way to prove that?
Senior Manager
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Re: Division by K - Remainder - Gmat Prep  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2009, 11:20
I tried to expand S1 as

$$K^3+3K+3K^2+1$$ using formula for $$(a+b)^3 = a^3+b^3+3a^2b+3ab^2$$
when we divide $$K^3+3K+3K^2+1$$ by K

k^3 , 3K and 3k^2 can be evenly divided by K , the remaining 1 would be remainder since K >1; 1 divide K, we get remainder 1 for any k>1

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Senior Manager
Joined: 30 Aug 2009
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Concentration: General Management
Re: Division by K - Remainder - Gmat Prep  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2009, 19:00
pierrealexandre77 wrote:
kp1811 wrote:
pierrealexandre77 wrote:
Hi guys,

given that both n and k are +ve integers and k>1 with option 1 for any value of k>1 the remainder will always be 1. hence suff

option 2 says nothing abt n.hence insuff

hence A

I understand with the picking number methodology, but is there a formal way to prove that?

we can expand (k+1)^3 and see that all terms are divisible by k except 1 (where k>1) which is the remainder
Director
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 862
Re: Division by K - Remainder - Gmat Prep  [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2010, 02:07
we do not need to remember the formular. Do like this

(k+1)^3=(k^2+2K+1)(K+1)=K.(.......)+ K^2+2K+1

all the element can be divided by K, 1 is left. Answer A
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 51229
Re: Division by K - Remainder - Gmat Prep  [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2010, 02:21
thangvietnam wrote:
we do not need to remember the formular. Do like this

(k+1)^3=(k^2+2K+1)(K+1)=K.(.......)+ K^2+2K+1

all the element can be divided by K, 1 is left. Answer A

What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by the positive integer k, where k > 1?

Given: $$n=qk+r$$. Question: $$r=?$$

(1) $$n=(k+1)^3$$ --> you don't actually need to expand at all, since you understand what will happen after expansion: all term but the last will have $$k$$ as the multiple and thus will be divisible by $$k$$ and the last term will be 1 and 1 divide by $$k$$ yields remainder of 1 (as $$k>1$$). Sufficient.

(2) $$k=5$$. Know nothing about $$n$$, hence insufficient.

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Re: What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided  [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2017, 04:42
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Re: What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided &nbs [#permalink] 09 Dec 2017, 04:42
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