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The reason is every prime number is "natural number" and all natural numbers are non-negative.

Thanks alpha,

So what is the definition of natural number? all positive number? need to be integer?

Set of all Non negative integers {0,1,2...}

Actually some branches of math like number theory, combinatorics etc use the definition N={1,2,3....} and some others like set theory, computer science & logic use the definition N= {0,1,2,3,....}.

Since you ask about prime numbers and primes fall under number theory, N={1,2,3..} would be the correct definition.

Negatives are defined to be non-prime because mathematicians want the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic (Unique Factorization into Primes) to be true. With the accepted definition of prime, a number like 45 can be written as a product of primes in one, and only one, way: you need to multiply two 3s and one 5. If we allowed negatives to be prime, we could write 45 as a product of 'primes' in several ways (for example, as (-3)(-3)(5)). Because the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic is the foundation of Number Theory, negatives are not considered primes. Incidentally, this is also why 1 is not considered a prime; if 1 were prime, we could write 45 as (3^2)(5), or as (1^(1000))(3^2)(5), or in many other ways, so we wouldn't have unique factorization. When we define primes to be positive integers which have exactly two divisors (1 and themselves), then prime factorizations are unique.
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Negatives are defined to be non-prime because mathematicians want the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic (Unique Factorization into Primes) to be true. With the accepted definition of prime, a number like 45 can be written as a product of primes in one, and only one, way: you need to multiply two 3s and one 5. If we allowed negatives to be prime, we could write 45 as a product of 'primes' in several ways (for example, as (-3)(-3)(5)). Because the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic is the foundation of Number Theory, negatives are not considered primes. Incidentally, this is also why 1 is not considered a prime; if 1 were prime, we could write 45 as (3^2)(5), or as (1^(1000))(3^2)(5), or in many other ways, so we wouldn't have unique factorization. When we define primes to be positive integers which have exactly two divisors (1 and themselves), then prime factorizations are unique.

You are the master!!! Great information +1
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Could you please confirm my understanding? (a) 1 is not a prime? (b) 0^0 = 0? (c) 0 is even? (d) 0 is neither negative or positive? (e) 0 is an integer?

Could you please confirm my understanding? (a) 1 is not a prime? (b) 0^0 = 0? (c) 0 is even? (d) 0 is neither negative or positive? (e) 0 is an integer?

THank again

yes to all except 0^0 is undecided in general but acceptable as 1 for GMAT scope. [edited after jallenmorris pointed out that the error]

Last edited by bhushangiri on 12 Aug 2008, 08:43, edited 2 times in total.

Isn't there some disagreement in the academic area that 0^0 = 1 ?

bhushangiri wrote:

judokan wrote:

Thanks all for the info.

Could you please confirm my understanding? (a) 1 is not a prime? (b) 0^0 = 0? (c) 0 is even? (d) 0 is neither negative or positive? (e) 0 is an integer?

THank again

yes to all

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------------------------------------ J Allen Morris **I'm pretty sure I'm right, but then again, I'm just a guy with his head up his a$$.

Opps i didn't see that. It is taken as 1 in most cases. and can be taken as undefined or indeterminate when considered in calculus studies. Even then, by manipulating the direction of limiting values, you can bring it to 1.

jallenmorris wrote:

Isn't there some disagreement in the academic area that 0^0 = 1 ?

bhushangiri wrote:

judokan wrote:

Thanks all for the info.

Could you please confirm my understanding? (a) 1 is not a prime? (b) 0^0 = 0? (c) 0 is even? (d) 0 is neither negative or positive? (e) 0 is an integer?

Opps i didn't see that. It is taken as 1 in most cases. and can be taken as undefined or indeterminate when considered in calculus studies. Even then, by manipulating the direction of limiting values, you can bring it to 1.

Actually, in calculus, you can make 0^0 'equal' (as a limit) to anything you like. For example:

lim(x->0) x^0 = 1 lim(x->0) 0^x = 0

You will never need to worry about 0^0 on the GMAT- you won't see a question that requires you to know whether this quantity is defined or undefined. As jallenmorris points out, there is no universally accepted rule here anyway.
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