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2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning

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2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2008, 19:31
1)
Choi: All other factors being equal, children whose parents earned doctorates are more likely to earn a doctorate than children whose parents did not earn doctorates.

Hart: But consider this: Over 70 percent of all doctorate holders do not have a parent that also holds a doctorate.

Which of the following is the most accurate evaluation of Hart's reply

(A) It establishes that Choi's claim is an exaggeration
(B) If true, it effectively demonstrates that Choi's claim cannot be accurate
(C) It is consistent with Choi's claim
(D) It provides alternative reasons for accepting Choi's claim
(E) It mistakes what is necessary for an event with what is sufficient to determine that the event will occur

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2)
The recent proliferation of newspaper articles in major publications that have been exposed as fabrications serves to bolster the contention that publishers are more interested in selling copy than in printing the truth. Even minor publications have staffs to check such obvious fraud.

(A) newspaper stories of dubious authenticity are a new phenomenon
(B) minor publications do a better job of fact-checking than do major publications
(C) everything a newspaper prints must be factually verifiable
(D) only recently have newspapers admitted to publishing erroneous stories
(E) publishers are ultimately responsible for what is printed in their newspapers

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Re: 2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2008, 19:34
Oh I forgot the direction for Q2

2)
The recent proliferation of newspaper articles in major publications that have been exposed as fabrications serves to bolster the contention that publishers are more interested in selling copy than in printing the truth. Even minor publications have staffs to check such obvious fraud.

The above argument assumes that

(A) newspaper stories of dubious authenticity are a new phenomenon
(B) minor publications do a better job of fact-checking than do major publications
(C) everything a newspaper prints must be factually verifiable
(D) only recently have newspapers admitted to publishing erroneous stories
(E) publishers are ultimately responsible for what is printed in their newspapers

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Re: 2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2008, 03:07
2)between C and E
Will go with E as C sounds extreme--must be verifiable.

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Re: 2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2008, 03:28
I would go for C for first and E for second.

here's an interesting answer i found posted somewhere else.
http://noblognameleft.blogspot.com/2006 ... er-is.html

Thanks.

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Re: 2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2008, 05:18
IMO E,E

1) I think Hart doesn't consider Choi's "all other factors being equal" properly. Among 70% could be children whose parents didn't earned doctored but there are some factors for which these children aren't in the equal position with those whose parents did earn doctorates.
2) If we neglect E argument doesn't make sense

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Re: 2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2008, 08:57
C,E

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Re: 2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2008, 14:11
C & E according to me. Here's why:
1)
Why not E:
Hart says that over 70 percent of all doctorate holders do not have a parent that also holds a doctorate.
This, ofcourse, has nothing to do with the fact that children who's parents are doctorates are more likely to earn a doctorate because we do not say 'its necessary that a parent be a doctorate for a child to be a doctorate'
Hence, Hart might be mistaking what is sufficient for an event to occur (i.e. sufficient to be a doc's kid to have higher chances) with what is necessary but not the other way round.
C meanwhile can be right, because Hart is not contradicting Choi'c claim really. Although the use of 'But' in the sentence is misleading.

2) E: The fact that the article blames the punblishers directly for the fabrications indicated this might be the assumption.
Why not C: Use of 'Everything' 'must be' - too strong.

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Re: 2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2008, 19:38
Thank :) you

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Re: 2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2008, 23:27
1. E
2. C

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Re: 2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2008, 23:56
1) Im confused.....No clues
2) E

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Re: 2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning   [#permalink] 26 Nov 2008, 23:56
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2 Difficult Verbal Reasoning

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