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(7 - 4(3)^(1/2))^(1/2) =

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(7 - 4(3)^(1/2))^(1/2) =  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 31 Jan 2020, 06:41
6
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (01:51) correct 53% (01:55) wrong based on 36 sessions

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\(\sqrt{7-4\sqrt{3}}=\)

(A) \(2 - \sqrt{3}\)

(B) \(3 - 2\sqrt{3}\)

(C) \(5 -2\sqrt{3}\)

(D) \(\sqrt{7} - \sqrt{3}\)

(E) \(\sqrt{ 7} - 2\sqrt{3}\)

Originally posted by sjuniv32 on 31 Jan 2020, 06:02.
Last edited by Bunuel on 31 Jan 2020, 06:41, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: (7 - 4(3)^(1/2))^(1/2) =  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2020, 10:20
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1
x= \(\sqrt{7-4\sqrt{3}}=\)

\(x^2= 7-4\sqrt{3}\)

\(x^2= 4+3- 2*2*\sqrt{3}\)

\(x^2= 2^2 + (\sqrt{3})^2 - 2*2*\sqrt{3}\)

\(x^2= [2 - \sqrt{3}]^2\)

\(x= 2 - \sqrt{3}\)




sjuniv32 wrote:
\(\sqrt{7-4\sqrt{3}}=\)

(A) \(2 - \sqrt{3}\)

(B) \(3 - 2\sqrt{3}\)

(C) \(5 -2\sqrt{3}\)

(D) \(\sqrt{7} - \sqrt{3}\)

(E) \(\sqrt{ 7} - 2\sqrt{3}\)
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Re: (7 - 4(3)^(1/2))^(1/2) =  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2020, 18:37
1
sjuniv32 wrote:
\(\sqrt{7-4\sqrt{3}}=\)

(A) \(2 - \sqrt{3}\)

(B) \(3 - 2\sqrt{3}\)

(C) \(5 -2\sqrt{3}\)

(D) \(\sqrt{7} - \sqrt{3}\)

(E) \(\sqrt{ 7} - 2\sqrt{3}\)


To be honest, my first instinct here was to see whether I could estimate. I couldn't remember off the top of my head how to simplify something like the original expression, and often, on the GMAT, if a problem only includes numbers - no variables or anything like that - you can at least eliminate several answer choices via estimation.

sqrt(3) is about 1.7, so 7-4sqrt(3) = 7-4(1.7) = 7 - 4 - 4(.7) = 7 - 4 - 2.8 = about 0.2. That's a very small value. Its square root will be a little bigger: I know that the square root of 0.25 is 0.5, so the square root of 0.2 should be around 0.4 or thereabouts. The right answer will definitely be less than 1/2.

Let's use that as a starting point with the answer choices.

(A) 2 - sqrt(3) is about 2-1.7, or 0.3. That seems close enough to keep it for now.

(B) 3 - 2sqrt(3) is actually negative. Eliminate B.

(C) 5 - 2sqrt(3) = 5-2(1.7) = 5-3.4 = 1.6. This is too big. Eliminate C.

(D) sqrt(7) - sqrt(3). Hmm, what's the square root of 7? I'm not sure, but I know it's got to be between 2 and 3. So, this could be close. I'll keep it.

(E) The previous answer was pretty close, so this one will probably be too small. Eliminate E.

Okay, all we're left with is (A) and (D). We want to know which one is the square root of 7 - 4sqrt(3). How can we check that, even if we aren't sure how to do the math in the question? Let's try squaring the two options we have left! The one that comes out to 7 - 4sqrt(3) will be correct.

(A) (2 - sqrt(3))^2 = 4 - 4sqrt(3) + 3 = 7 - 4sqrt(3)

There we go - we have a winner! The correct answer is (A). And even if you didn't want to estimate, you could just quickly square all five answer choices (and if you started with A, you'd be lucky and finish quickly!)
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New post 08 Feb 2020, 09:41
To see Ron Purewal's solution to the problem; follow the link provided https://www.ronpurewal.com/quant-1-answer-key
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(7 - 4(3)^(1/2))^(1/2) =   [#permalink] 08 Feb 2020, 09:41
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