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A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation

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A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2007, 08:58
3
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

87% (00:49) correct 13% (00:58) wrong based on 390 sessions

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A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.

(A) flames spreading
(B) flame spreads
(C) flames are caused to spread
(D) causing flames to spread
(E) causing spreading of the flames
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Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2007, 11:16
D for me too.

Paralleliesm is required between "making" and "spreading"
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Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2008, 11:38
does anybody can explain why E is not correct?
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Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2008, 16:27
D for me
Parallel structure ... causing is || to making

Simplify to sentence :
A fire <does something>, making ignition much easier and causing flames to spread.

E is not correct because E is passive voice. In GMAT if an active sentence is always more correct than a passive one.

sztiwari wrote:
6.A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(A) flames spreading
(B) flame spreads
(C) flames are caused to spread
(D) causing flames to spread
(E) causing spreading of the flames
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Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2017, 11:17
ksh013 wrote:
does anybody can explain why E is not correct?


A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and causing spreading of the flames more quickly.
I think such use is not logical - you can't say for sure to which part of the sentence 'more quickly' refers to. It should refer to the speed of spreading rather than to 'a fire' burning or 'making ignitions'...
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Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2018, 05:23
It looks like to me that letter (A) and letter (D) meet the parallelism rule.

With letter A ---->A fire <etc etc>, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.

With letter D ---->A fire <etc etc>, making ignition much easier and causing flames to spread more quickly.

In the first, ignition and flames spreading are parallel nouns; in the second, Making and causing are parallels. Is parallelism the real difference between those answer choices? Someone could explain better why it can't be letter A?

Thanks
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Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2018, 14:38
2
sztiwari wrote:
A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.

(A) flames spreading
(B) flame spreads
(C) flames are caused to spread
(D) causing flames to spread
(E) causing spreading of the flames

Zemy wrote:
It looks like to me that letter (A) and letter (D) meet the parallelism rule.

With letter A ---->A fire <etc etc>, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.

With letter D ---->A fire <etc etc>, making ignition much easier and causing flames to spread more quickly.

In the first, ignition and flames spreading are parallel nouns; in the second, Making and causing are parallels. Is parallelism the real difference between those answer choices? Someone could explain better why it can't be letter A?

Thanks

Hi Zemy , no, A is not correct.

The special verb "make" is constructed incorrectly.
That failure leads to a lack of parallelism in meaning.

1) Special class of verbs: causative verbs in general

"Make" is in a special class of verbs called "causative verbs."

Causative verbs indicate that someone/something is causing an action or event to occur.

There are "general" causative verbs such as
allow, require, help, persuade, cause, force, persuade

Causative verbs follow a very particular structure:
SPECIAL VERB + PERSON/THING + INFINITIVE/BARE INFINITIVE
A "bare infinitive" or a "base-form verb" = infinitive without "to"

The teacher allowed him to watch the video.
GMAT rules require testers to be timed.
The drill sergeant had the recruits wash the latrines.
The wind caused the flames to spread more quickly.


2) Three strict cases of verbs that must be followed by the bare infinitive
Strict cases of special causative verbs: make, let, and have

These three verbs are in a class of their own.
Their construction is in this form:

SPECIAL VERB + NOUN + BARE INFINITIVE(also called "base-form")
The causative verbs make, let, and have are followed by bare infinitives .
Exceptions are very few.

Make the child study.
Let the rushed person exit first.
Have your sister call me.


Read more about causative verbs here.

3) This sentence and Answer A's problems

In this sentence, "making" is used in a causative sense.
Special conditions under which fire is in an enclosed space end up
making ignition easier and the spread of flames more swift.

That sentence is not an answer choice.
Assuming that Option D were not an option,

Option A would have to be written this way:

making . . . flames spread more quickly
Correct. MAKING + FLAMES + SPREAD more quickly

making . . .flames spreading more quickly
100% incorrect.
"Spreading" is NOT in the base infinitive form.

This failure leads to a change in meaning, which in turn
leads to a lack of parallelism.

A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.

"making ignition easier" indicates that the ignition is being altered so that it becomes easier.
"making flames spreading more quickly" indicates that flames are being created.

The intended meaning of the sentence indicates that certain conditions make other events change.
being changed being created

A has an unequivocal grammar error and
is not parallel with the meaning of "making another event happen differently."

The correct answer is D.

Hope that helps. :-)
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Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2018, 04:10
Do we need 'causing' and 'to cause' here?

ANS: Yes, its a verb (for C, D, and E), A is missing the verb

(A) flames spreading (missing verb)

(B) flame spreads (look at this, this good choice, only slight deviation -- flames --flame)... B is a good option less of choice here

(C) flames are caused to spread

(D) causing flames to spread

based on the original construction of C vs. D (D is better) -- even better than B (kept the flames --> flames)

(E) original E has 'causing'

what to follow cause (an infinitive or gerund) prefer infinitive)

Go for D
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Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jul 2018, 04:10
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A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation

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