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A researcher concluded her report on a study testing a new antihyperte

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A researcher concluded her report on a study testing a new antihyperte  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Mar 2019, 02:02
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A researcher concluded her report on a study testing a new antihypertension drug by saying, “Patients who used the new drug have experienced no significant side effects.” The editor of the medical journal to which she submitted the report suggested that she change the conclusion to “Patients who used the new drug appear thus far to have experienced no significant side effects.”

Which of the following, if true, provides the best logical justification for the editor’s suggestion that the researcher’s conclusion be altered?


A. Some patients who took the new antihypertension drug experienced a mild increase in nausea, a side effect easily averted by taking the medication with food.

B. The new antihypertension drug could have caused side effects, the visible signs of which have not yet appeared in the patients who participated in the study.

C. The researcher’s report does not sufficiently compare the effects of the antihypertension drug with those of other, established antihypertension drugs.

D. The majority of Americans have blood pressure far enough outside the normal range to be considered at least mildly hypertensive.

E. The severity of side effects from antihypertension drugs varies from patient to patient.

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Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 04 May 2017, 12:26.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 Mar 2019, 02:02, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the tags.
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Re: A researcher concluded her report on a study testing a new antihyperte  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2019, 02:03
SajjadAhmad wrote:
A researcher concluded her report on a study testing a new antihypertension drug by saying, “Patients who used the new drug have experienced no significant side effects.” The editor of the medical journal to which she submitted the report suggested that she change the conclusion to “Patients who used the new drug appear thus far to have experienced no significant side effects.”

Which of the following, if true, provides the best logical justification for the editor’s suggestion that the researcher’s conclusion be altered?


A. Some patients who took the new antihypertension drug experienced a mild increase in nausea, a side effect easily averted by taking the medication with food.

B. The new antihypertension drug could have caused side effects, the visible signs of which have not yet appeared in the patients who participated in the study.

C. The researcher’s report does not sufficiently compare the effects of the antihypertension drug with those of other, established antihypertension drugs.

D. The majority of Americans have blood pressure far enough outside the normal range to be considered at least mildly hypertensive.

E. The severity of side effects from antihypertension drugs varies from patient to patient.


PRINCETON REVIEW OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



B

This argument asks you to support the editor’s position, which hinges around her statement, thus far. Her point is that there may be patients who have taken the new drug and who have not yet shown side effects, but may in the future. She assumes that there are such patients, and the fact that patients have not shown side effects yet does not mean there aren’t any. A good answer choice here will clearly establish that difference.

(A) No. You may have been tempted to pick this because it gives a side effect. However, this answer choice contradicts the editor’s statement, in which no significant side effects are reported.

(B) Yes. The key in the editor’s statement is thus far, which implies that side effects could still show up in the future, and this answer choice addresses that possibility.

(C) No. This is out of scope. The editor doesn’t care about comparing this drug to others, just whether there are side effects of this drug.

(D) No. This is out of scope. The editor doesn’t really care about the general state of hypertension in the United States.

(E) No. Both individual side effects and all hypertension drugs are out of scope.
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Re: A researcher concluded her report on a study testing a new antihyperte  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2017, 03:25
The researcher concluded "No significant side effects experienced by people who used the new drug."

The editor said change the conclusion to "No significant side effects experienced by people who used the new drug as of now."

It means editor thinks there could be some side effects in the future.

A. Some patients who took the new antihypertension drug experienced a mild increase in nausea, a side effect easily averted by taking the medication with food. : Ruled out. We need to justify why editor said so. So, this option is not telling us anything.
B. The new antihypertension drug could have caused side effects, the visible signs of which have not yet appeared in the patients who participated in the study.: Correct, so he believes there could be signs possible in future.
C. The researcher’s report does not sufficiently compare the effects of the antihypertension drug with those of other, established antihypertension drugs. : Other drugs are OFS here
D. The majority of Americans have blood pressure far enough outside the normal range to be considered at least mildly hypertensive. Blood pressure?? Don't know how come this come into the picture. Irrelevant.
E. The severity of side effects from antihypertension drugs varies from patient to patient. Fine, but who does it tell what editor said was true.
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Re: A researcher concluded her report on a study testing a new antihyperte  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2018, 06:07
A researcher concluded her report on a study testing a new antihypertension drug by saying, “Patients who used the new drug have experienced no significant side effects.” The editor of the medical journal to which she submitted the report suggested that she change the conclusion to “Patients who used the new drug appear thus far to have experienced no significant side effects.”

what are we looking for - Something which can give us a valid reason behind the change of the conclusion.May be the editor is not sure whether they know the results of all the cases -

Which of the following, if true, provides the best logical justification for the editor’s suggestion that the researcher’s conclusion be altered?

A. Some patients who took the new antihypertension drug experienced a mild increase in nausea, a side effect easily averted by taking the medication with food.
-- irrelevant
B. The new antihypertension drug could have caused side effects, the visible signs of which have not yet appeared in the patients who participated in the study.
-- Correct Answer.

C. The researcher’s report does not sufficiently compare the effects of the antihypertension drug with those of other, established antihypertension drugs.
-- No comparison required with other drugs.

D. The majority of Americans have blood pressure far enough outside the normal range to be considered at least mildly hypertensive.
-- We are just concerned about the side effect of the drugs.

E. The severity of side effects from antihypertension drugs varies from patient to patient.
-- Severity may vary. The question is only about the side effect not the severity of the side effect.
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Re: A researcher concluded her report on a study testing a new antihyperte   [#permalink] 07 Jun 2018, 06:07
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