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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result

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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2004, 14:57
5
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A
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55% (01:09) correct 45% (01:13) wrong based on 1759 sessions

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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B) the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs.
(C) the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods.
(D) the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E) the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs.
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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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Re: A revolution has taken place in medical science  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2013, 12:50
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mun23 wrote:
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B)the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs
(C)the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods
(D)the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E)the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs


Need every option`s explanation

Dear Mun23,
I'm happy to help with this. :-)

Question #1: what are we "introducing"? We are introducing methods. Presumably, this means, these new method are now taught in med school, and more doctors now are familiar with them. This is not a "surgical introduction" --- (C) is wrong.

Question #2: what is "new"? The methods are definitely new. Does it make sense to call the organs "new"? Obviously, if a doctor is implanting a kidney or liver into my body, that organ is "new" to me, but if someone else dies, and doctors take the liver that person has used for her whole life and insert it into my body, I don't know that it would make sense to call that a "new liver." The word "new" is much more appropriate for the methods. This casts serious suspicions on (C) & (D) & (E).

(D) talks about "implantation methods", which itself makes no sense, and it doesn't mention surgery at all. (D) is completely wrong.

(B) uses a sloppy shortcut. We are taking about methods of surgical implantation, or "methods of surgically implanting ..." Those phrasings are fine. Calling these methods "surgical implantation methods" is sloppy, and in particular, the phrase "surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs" implies that the poorly named methods belong to the organs --- that the organs are the owners or sources, not the objects of the implantation. (B) is an unholy abomination that should be shot.

Admittedly, (E) is close --- really, the Question #2 problem is the only problem with (E).

Nevertheless, (A) is the best answer --- all modifiers have their proper logical relationship in (A).

Does this make sense?

Mike :-)
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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 03:50
mikemcgarry wrote:
mun23 wrote:
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B)the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs
(C)the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods
(D)the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E)the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs


Need every option`s explanation

Dear Mun23,
I'm happy to help with this. :-)

Question #1: what are we "introducing"? We are introducing methods. Presumably, this means, these new method are now taught in med school, and more doctors now are familiar with them. This is not a "surgical introduction" --- (C) is wrong.

Question #2: what is "new"? The methods are definitely new. Does it make sense to call the organs "new"? Obviously, if a doctor is implanting a kidney or liver into my body, that organ is "new" to me, but if someone else dies, and doctors take the liver that person has used for her whole life and insert it into my body, I don't know that it would make sense to call that a "new liver." The word "new" is much more appropriate for the methods. This casts serious suspicions on (C) & (D) & (E).

(D) talks about "implantation methods", which itself makes no sense, and it doesn't mention surgery at all. (D) is completely wrong.

(B) uses a sloppy shortcut. We are taking about methods of surgical implantation, or "methods of surgically implanting ..." Those phrasings are fine. Calling these methods "surgical implantation methods" is sloppy, and in particular, the phrase "surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs" implies that the poorly named methods belong to the organs --- that the organs are the owners or sources, not the objects of the implantation. (B) is an unholy abomination that should be shot.

Admittedly, (E) is close --- really, the Question #2 problem is the only problem with (E).

Nevertheless, (A) is the best answer --- all modifiers have their proper logical relationship in (A).

Does this make sense?

Mike :-)




Hi Mike,

Thanks for such a wonderful explanation. I have a doubt :? on adding new to the sentence, for example what looks wrong with this sentence ?
the introduction of methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
Reasoning: If we are introducing something then it has to be new. isnt it ?

Please correct me if I am wrong here.

Regards,
Gaurav
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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2015, 06:43
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

a. the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs

b. the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs.....The phrase methods of organs is completely nonsensical.

c. the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods.........this means that implantation methods are surgically introduced which does not make sense in meaning.

d. the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs................
    the construction introduction of.....x.....of......y does not sound make sense with the remaining part of the sentence.
    Also methods are new not organs.

e. the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs............same error as in D.
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Re: A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2018, 05:21
1
Gears46 wrote:
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B) the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs.
(C) the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods.
(D) the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E) the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs.


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



A The original is long-winded and probably not the best one you’ve ever read. GMAT sentences don’t have to be beautiful; they just have to be correct (about one-fifth of the sentence corrections in each set will be correct as written in the stem). The wrong choices here are nonsensical. In (B), what’s “methods of . . .organs”? There’s no such thing. In (C), what’s “surgical introduction of . . .methods”? (D) and (E) say that the artificial and human organs are new. But it’s the methods that are new.
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Re: A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result &nbs [#permalink] 29 Oct 2018, 05:21
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