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# A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result

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Intern
Joined: 09 Dec 2004
Posts: 30
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2004, 15:57
5
39
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65% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (01:28) correct 45% (01:32) wrong based on 1516 sessions

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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B) the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs.
(C) the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods.
(D) the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E) the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs.
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4472
Re: A revolution has taken place in medical science  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2013, 13:50
23
5
mun23 wrote:
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B)the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs
(C)the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods
(D)the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E)the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs

Need every option`s explanation

Dear Mun23,
I'm happy to help with this.

Question #1: what are we "introducing"? We are introducing methods. Presumably, this means, these new method are now taught in med school, and more doctors now are familiar with them. This is not a "surgical introduction" --- (C) is wrong.

Question #2: what is "new"? The methods are definitely new. Does it make sense to call the organs "new"? Obviously, if a doctor is implanting a kidney or liver into my body, that organ is "new" to me, but if someone else dies, and doctors take the liver that person has used for her whole life and insert it into my body, I don't know that it would make sense to call that a "new liver." The word "new" is much more appropriate for the methods. This casts serious suspicions on (C) & (D) & (E).

(D) talks about "implantation methods", which itself makes no sense, and it doesn't mention surgery at all. (D) is completely wrong.

(B) uses a sloppy shortcut. We are taking about methods of surgical implantation, or "methods of surgically implanting ..." Those phrasings are fine. Calling these methods "surgical implantation methods" is sloppy, and in particular, the phrase "surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs" implies that the poorly named methods belong to the organs --- that the organs are the owners or sources, not the objects of the implantation. (B) is an unholy abomination that should be shot.

Admittedly, (E) is close --- really, the Question #2 problem is the only problem with (E).

Nevertheless, (A) is the best answer --- all modifiers have their proper logical relationship in (A).

Does this make sense?

Mike
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Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
##### General Discussion
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Concentration: Finance, General Management
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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2015, 04:50
mikemcgarry wrote:
mun23 wrote:
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B)the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs
(C)the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods
(D)the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E)the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs

Need every option`s explanation

Dear Mun23,
I'm happy to help with this.

Question #1: what are we "introducing"? We are introducing methods. Presumably, this means, these new method are now taught in med school, and more doctors now are familiar with them. This is not a "surgical introduction" --- (C) is wrong.

Question #2: what is "new"? The methods are definitely new. Does it make sense to call the organs "new"? Obviously, if a doctor is implanting a kidney or liver into my body, that organ is "new" to me, but if someone else dies, and doctors take the liver that person has used for her whole life and insert it into my body, I don't know that it would make sense to call that a "new liver." The word "new" is much more appropriate for the methods. This casts serious suspicions on (C) & (D) & (E).

(D) talks about "implantation methods", which itself makes no sense, and it doesn't mention surgery at all. (D) is completely wrong.

(B) uses a sloppy shortcut. We are taking about methods of surgical implantation, or "methods of surgically implanting ..." Those phrasings are fine. Calling these methods "surgical implantation methods" is sloppy, and in particular, the phrase "surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs" implies that the poorly named methods belong to the organs --- that the organs are the owners or sources, not the objects of the implantation. (B) is an unholy abomination that should be shot.

Admittedly, (E) is close --- really, the Question #2 problem is the only problem with (E).

Nevertheless, (A) is the best answer --- all modifiers have their proper logical relationship in (A).

Does this make sense?

Mike

Hi Mike,

Thanks for such a wonderful explanation. I have a doubt on adding new to the sentence, for example what looks wrong with this sentence ?
the introduction of methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
Reasoning: If we are introducing something then it has to be new. isnt it ?

Please correct me if I am wrong here.

Regards,
Gaurav
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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result  [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2015, 07:43
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

a. the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs

b. the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs.....The phrase methods of organs is completely nonsensical.

c. the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods.........this means that implantation methods are surgically introduced which does not make sense in meaning.

d. the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs................
the construction introduction of.....x.....of......y does not sound make sense with the remaining part of the sentence.
Also methods are new not organs.

e. the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs............same error as in D.
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Re: A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result  [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2018, 06:21
1
Gears46 wrote:
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B) the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs.
(C) the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods.
(D) the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E) the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs.

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

A The original is long-winded and probably not the best one you’ve ever read. GMAT sentences don’t have to be beautiful; they just have to be correct (about one-fifth of the sentence corrections in each set will be correct as written in the stem). The wrong choices here are nonsensical. In (B), what’s “methods of . . .organs”? There’s no such thing. In (C), what’s “surgical introduction of . . .methods”? (D) and (E) say that the artificial and human organs are new. But it’s the methods that are new.
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Re: A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result  [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2019, 23:25
B is wrong. ‘surgical implantation methods’ makes it sound like the methods belong to the organs.
D incorrectly implies that the organs are new, not the methods.
E does the same thing.
C incorrectly describes the introduction of the methods as surgical ,rather than the methods.

A is the only correct option.
Re: A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result   [#permalink] 03 Mar 2019, 23:25
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