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A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo

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Intern
Intern
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Joined: 15 Nov 2012
Posts: 26

Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 21

Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Operations
GMAT 1: 670 Q47 V36
GPA: 2.98
A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2013, 08:47
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

80% (00:31) correct 20% (00:38) wrong based on 88 sessions

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A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo, and it caused some to question whether the height of the dry moat that separated the animal from his victim was adequate.

A. and it caused
B. and it causes
C. and caused
D. and causing
E. causing
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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+1 is the best way of thanking :)

Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 21

Expert Post
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4547

Kudos [?]: 8940 [0], given: 111

Re: A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2013, 11:36
mayur666 wrote:
A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo, and it caused some to question whether the height of the dry moat that separated the animal from his victim was adequate.

A. and it caused
B. and it causes
C. and caused
D. and causing
E. causing

Dear mayur666,
I'm happy to help with this. :-)

First of all, you may find this blog helpful:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/modifiers- ... orrection/

Here, the first part of the sentence states a fact, and that fact overall, that entire situation, causes folks to ask questions. We need to modify a clause.

(A) & (B) use the pronoun "it", which presumably has the antecedent "tiger", but the tiger itself didn't cause some to ask questions. That's nonsense.

(C) uses verb parallelism again to make the tiger the cause ---- "A tiger escaped ... and caused ..." --- again, poppycock.

(D) puts a verb in parallel with a participle, a total trainwreck.

(E) is correct. A participial phrase, such as "causing some to question ...", can modify not just a single noun but a verb or even an entire phrase. That's exactly what is happening here.

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

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Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Kudos [?]: 8940 [0], given: 111

Re: A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2013, 11:36
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A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo

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