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# A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo

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Intern
Joined: 15 Nov 2012
Posts: 24
Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Operations
GMAT 1: 670 Q47 V36
GPA: 2.98
A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo  [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2013, 07:47
1
1
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

84% (00:40) correct 16% (00:47) wrong based on 118 sessions

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A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo, and it caused some to question whether the height of the dry moat that separated the animal from his victim was adequate.

A. and it caused
B. and it causes
C. and caused
D. and causing
E. causing

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+1 is the best way of thanking

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4486
Re: A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2013, 10:36
mayur666 wrote:
A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo, and it caused some to question whether the height of the dry moat that separated the animal from his victim was adequate.

A. and it caused
B. and it causes
C. and caused
D. and causing
E. causing

Dear mayur666,
I'm happy to help with this.

First of all, you may find this blog helpful:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/modifiers- ... orrection/

Here, the first part of the sentence states a fact, and that fact overall, that entire situation, causes folks to ask questions. We need to modify a clause.

(A) & (B) use the pronoun "it", which presumably has the antecedent "tiger", but the tiger itself didn't cause some to ask questions. That's nonsense.

(C) uses verb parallelism again to make the tiger the cause ---- "A tiger escaped ... and caused ..." --- again, poppycock.

(D) puts a verb in parallel with a participle, a total trainwreck.

(E) is correct. A participial phrase, such as "causing some to question ...", can modify not just a single noun but a verb or even an entire phrase. That's exactly what is happening here.

Does this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3638
Re: A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2019, 00:51
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: A tiger escaped his enclosure at the San Francisco zoo   [#permalink] 26 Jan 2019, 00:51
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