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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that

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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 10:40
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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMOs), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

A. they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

B. compared to only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

C. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

D. it estimates 73 percent of the nations 607 HMOs would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

E. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent

Confused between C & D. Can anyone suggest the correct answer with a strong reasoning?

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Re: SC1000: Q46 [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 10:50
The answer should be C.

"they" is a pronoun without a stated antecedent. It appears that "Interstudy" is the antecedent, and it is the antecedent, but not as "Interstudy" is used in this sentence. We need to have a noun rather than "they". Starting wth "they" is a stand-alone sentence. It must make sense on it's own. Without the prior part of the sentence, the sentence is unclear with regard to what "they" refers to. "According to X..." leads into the findings. It is not talking about "Interstudy" it is talking / referring to the findings of interstudy. Those findings need to immediately follow the phrase "According to interstudy". C does this.

balboa wrote:
According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMOs), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

A. they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

B. compared to only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

C. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

D. it estimates 73 percent of the nations 607 HMOs would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

E. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent

Confused between C & D. Can anyone suggest the correct answer with a strong reasoning?

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Re: SC1000: Q46 [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 11:00
but the part after the semi-colon in C is an incomplete phrase ending with "will be". How would you justify this?

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Re: SC1000: Q46 [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 11:06
balboa wrote:
but the part after the semi-colon in C is an incomplete phrase ending with "will be". How would you justify this?



Its an ellipsis.

it estimates that this year 73 percent will be [profitable] .
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Re: SC1000: Q46 [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 11:09
It's not imcomplete. All you need for a complete sentence in English is a subject and verb.

It estimates that this year 73 percent will be.

Subject = It
Verb = estimates

That's complete.

"that this year year 73 percent will be" is the direct object of the sentence.

balboa wrote:
but the part after the semi-colon in C is an incomplete phrase ending with "will be". How would you justify this?

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Re: SC1000: Q46 [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 23:09
According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMOs), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

A. they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

B. compared to only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

C. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be -CORRECT

D. it estimates 73 percent of the nations 607 HMOs would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent - PRONOUN REFERENCE ERROR

E. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent - CHANGES THE MEANING

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Re: SC1000: Q46 [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2008, 06:34
I think in C.

A. Interstudy - they - wrong
B. again "they"- wrong. I am always suspicious with "being"
C. ok
D. error with "that"
E. "they" again

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Re: SC1000: Q46 [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2008, 06:44
A : they is plural ; it can't refer to Interstudy ----Wrong
B: being....wrong
C : seems ok
D :estimate .....should be followed by that to maintain parallelism.
E :607 HMO's last year...looks as if they were HMOs's last year ..not now ...


IMO C

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Re: SC1000: Q46   [#permalink] 12 Aug 2008, 06:44
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