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# According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that

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Manager
Joined: 23 Jun 2008
Posts: 140
According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2008, 09:40
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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMOs), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

A. they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

B. compared to only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

C. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

D. it estimates 73 percent of the nations 607 HMOs would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

E. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent

Confused between C & D. Can anyone suggest the correct answer with a strong reasoning?
SVP
Joined: 30 Apr 2008
Posts: 1863
Location: Oklahoma City
Schools: Hard Knocks

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11 Aug 2008, 09:50

"they" is a pronoun without a stated antecedent. It appears that "Interstudy" is the antecedent, and it is the antecedent, but not as "Interstudy" is used in this sentence. We need to have a noun rather than "they". Starting wth "they" is a stand-alone sentence. It must make sense on it's own. Without the prior part of the sentence, the sentence is unclear with regard to what "they" refers to. "According to X..." leads into the findings. It is not talking about "Interstudy" it is talking / referring to the findings of interstudy. Those findings need to immediately follow the phrase "According to interstudy". C does this.

balboa wrote:
According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMOs), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

A. they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

B. compared to only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

C. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

D. it estimates 73 percent of the nations 607 HMOs would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

E. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent

Confused between C & D. Can anyone suggest the correct answer with a strong reasoning?

_________________

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J Allen Morris
**I'm pretty sure I'm right, but then again, I'm just a guy with his head up his a\$\$.

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Manager
Joined: 23 Jun 2008
Posts: 140

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11 Aug 2008, 10:00
but the part after the semi-colon in C is an incomplete phrase ending with "will be". How would you justify this?
SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1789
Location: New York

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11 Aug 2008, 10:06
balboa wrote:
but the part after the semi-colon in C is an incomplete phrase ending with "will be". How would you justify this?

Its an ellipsis.

it estimates that this year 73 percent will be [profitable] .
_________________

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SVP
Joined: 30 Apr 2008
Posts: 1863
Location: Oklahoma City
Schools: Hard Knocks

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11 Aug 2008, 10:09
It's not imcomplete. All you need for a complete sentence in English is a subject and verb.

It estimates that this year 73 percent will be.

Subject = It
Verb = estimates

That's complete.

"that this year year 73 percent will be" is the direct object of the sentence.

balboa wrote:
but the part after the semi-colon in C is an incomplete phrase ending with "will be". How would you justify this?

_________________

------------------------------------
J Allen Morris
**I'm pretty sure I'm right, but then again, I'm just a guy with his head up his a\$\$.

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Manager
Joined: 23 Apr 2008
Posts: 85

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11 Aug 2008, 22:09
According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMOs), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

A. they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

B. compared to only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

C. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be -CORRECT

D. it estimates 73 percent of the nations 607 HMOs would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent - PRONOUN REFERENCE ERROR

E. only 36 percent of the nations 607 HMOs last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent - CHANGES THE MEANING
Manager
Joined: 25 May 2008
Posts: 187

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12 Aug 2008, 05:34
I think in C.

A. Interstudy - they - wrong
B. again "they"- wrong. I am always suspicious with "being"
C. ok
D. error with "that"
E. "they" again
Intern
Joined: 05 Aug 2008
Posts: 4

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12 Aug 2008, 05:44
A : they is plural ; it can't refer to Interstudy ----Wrong
B: being....wrong
C : seems ok
D :estimate .....should be followed by that to maintain parallelism.
E :607 HMO's last year...looks as if they were HMOs's last year ..not now ...

IMO C
Re: SC1000: Q46   [#permalink] 12 Aug 2008, 05:44
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