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An interesting approach to reducing the Unites States’ trade deficit

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Joined: 29 Oct 2016
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An interesting approach to reducing the Unites States’ trade deficit [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 09:23
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

30% (00:31) correct 70% (02:34) wrong based on 23

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An interesting approach to reducing the Unites States’ trade deficit has been suggested: relax export restrictions to China. That this suggestion has come from the President of the People’s Republic of China perhaps warrants some skepticism. That this idea is seconded by U.S. trade groups that represent aerospace, software, and microchip manufacturers, all of whom produce equipment that can be used for military purposes, also gives one pause. Despite some reforms, real and promised, China’s “private” sector is too entangled with a government whose aims and actions are frequently at odds with U.S. policy and ideology.

To expedite “safe” trade with China, the U.S. has recently compiled a list of acceptable Chinese businesses with which our high-tech firms can trade. This replaces a system that required that exporters take the time-sometimes a considerable amount-to get licenses for the items they wished to export. Supposedly, the new system has stringent criteria that ensure that the Chinese firms will only use the imported goods for non-military purposes. Many of these products are, however, dual-purpose; they have military as well as commercial applications. Despite assurances that ground checks will prevent imported goods from being diverted for military purposes, China is simply too big, and the links between its companies and its government agencies too byzantine, for these assurances to be meaningful.

Another area in which trade with China needs to be handled carefully is that of intellectual property. Here, U.S. companies are largely on their own; our government can establish guidelines and issue warnings, but it cannot take a direct part in legal actions pursued by an American firm that believes its patents, trademarks, or copyrights have been violated. This is no small problem. About 20% of all consumer products in the Chinese market are counterfeit. China’s government has taken some steps to address this problem, but these steps have not yet resulted in enough punishment for those who pirate intellectual property to serve as much of a deterrent to others. Furthermore, what the central government promises is one thing; what provincial governments do is another. Corruption, protectionism, and apathy contribute to a climate in which pirating is considered business as usual by local officials located at great distances from the central government.

68. According to the author, the new system of exporting high-tech goods to China _______.

(A) is an imperfect improvement over the old system
(B) can take too much time to be truly effective
(C) will almost certainly be adversely affected by local corruption
(D) aims to speed up the process of receiving approval for the exportation of some goods
(E) will only apply to items that can be used for military purposes



I picked A as the answer but
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D
is the correct answer - can someone explain why?
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 13

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Re: An interesting approach to reducing the Unites States’ trade deficit [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 10:04
In second para it says
" This replaces a system that required that exporters take the time-sometimes a considerable amount-to get licenses for the items they wished to export."

Hence we can infer approval received is faster than old system

Also A is an extreme choice
Yes there are issues with new system but we cannot assume it is worser than an old one.
It has some positives but is definitely not full proof

HENCE D

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Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 87

Re: An interesting approach to reducing the Unites States’ trade deficit   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2017, 10:04
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An interesting approach to reducing the Unites States’ trade deficit

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