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# Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human

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Senior Manager
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Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 06 Oct 2019, 23:41
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Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human race, find in the animals’ behavior hints of how our earliest ancestors may have lived. It has long been accepted that primates originally dwelt in the treetops and only migrated to the ground as forests began to dwindle. While to a certain extent all primates except humans spend at least some time dwelling in trees, the orangutan hardly ever ventures to the forest floor.

Adult orangutans can grow as heavy as 330 pounds and live for decades, requiring copious amounts of fruit simply to stay alive. Thus, they become very jealous of the territory where they find their food. Compounding this territoriality are the breeding habits of orangutans, since females can only breed every few years and, like humans, give birth not to litters but single offspring. Consequently, orangutans are solitary, territorial animals who have difficulty foraging in any part of the forest where they were not raised.

Orangutans taken from poachers by customs agents undergo incredible hardship on their return to the wild. Incorrectly relocating a male orangutan is especially problematic, often ending in the animal’s death at the hands of a rival who sees not only his territory but also the females of his loosely knit community under threat from an outsider. While humans, like chimpanzees, are more gregarious and resourceful than orangutans, the latter provide anthropologists with useful information about the behavior of pre- hominid primates and how apelike behavior influenced our ancestors’ search for food and family beneath the forest’s canopy.
The primary purpose of this passage is to:
A) describe some behavioral and evolutionary characteristics of orangutans
B) analyze the reasons why early primates left their forest dwellings
C) illustrate the dangers posed to orangutans by poachers
D) show how orangutan behavior differs from that of other primates
E) criticize anthropologists who misinterpret orangutan behavior

The author of the passage discusses “orangutans taken from poachers” (lines 23) in order to:
A) stress the importance of preserving orangutans as a species
B) indicate the widespread practice of animal poaching
C) refute the theory that orangutans can live in a variety of environments
D) contrast the behavior of orangutans with that of other apes
E) emphasize the consequences of orangutan territoriality

The passage indicates that it is difficult to return orangutans to the wild for which of the following reasons?
I. The threat posed by newcomers to other orangutans' territory
II. The conflict between males over available females
III. The scarcity of available food in the orangutan’s environment
A) I only
B) I and II only
C) I and III only
D) II and III only
E) I, II, and III

Which of the following can be inferred about differences between the behavior of orangutans and that of other ape species?
A) While orangutans spend much of their time in the treetops, other apes live exclusively on the ground.
B) Orangutans and other types of apes are all sociable species, but orangutans are more likely to bond for life.
C) Apes such as chimpanzees rely less upon their size than the average orangutan does.
D) Orangutans spend less time in the company of other members of their species than do some other apes.
E) Because of their stringent territoriality, orangutans are less likely to elude capture by poachers than are other apes.

Originally posted by macjas on 27 May 2012, 10:33.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 06 Oct 2019, 23:41, edited 1 time in total.
Updated - Complete topic (835).
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Re: Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human  [#permalink]

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27 May 2012, 19:42
For question 2:

Quote:
The author of the passage discusses
“orangutans taken from poachers” (lines 23) in order to:

A stress the importance of preserving orangutans as a species
B indicate the widespread practice of animal poaching
C refute the theory that orangutans can live in a variety of environments
D contrast the behavior of orangutans with that of other apes
E emphasize the consequences of orangutan territoriality

Why is B incorrect?
Senior Manager
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Re: Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human  [#permalink]

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27 May 2012, 20:52
piyatiwari wrote:
For question 2:

Quote:
The author of the passage discusses
“orangutans taken from poachers” (lines 23) in order to:

A stress the importance of preserving orangutans as a species
B indicate the widespread practice of animal poaching
C refute the theory that orangutans can live in a variety of environments
D contrast the behavior of orangutans with that of other apes
E emphasize the consequences of orangutan territoriality

Why is B incorrect?

Because nothing in the passage indicates that poaching is widespread. This choice brings in outside information.

On the other hand:
According to the passage, it is difficult to return orangutans to the wild after they are taken by poachers because, due to their territoriality, orangutans must be returned to their home territory, territory which often is not known to humans. E reflects this.
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Re: Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2013, 03:00
Can someone please explain the Third question.

The passage indicates that it is difficult to return orangutans to the wild for which of the following reasons?
I. The threat posed by newcomers to other orangutans' territory
II. The conflict between males over available females
III. The scarcity of available food in the orangutan’s environment
A) I only
B) I and II only
C) I and III only

D) II and III only
E) I, II, and III

I marked C as my answer but as per OA its B.....
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Re: Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human  [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2013, 23:34
roopika2990 wrote:
Can anyone explain q3?? ... I don't find any of the answers correct.

Hi Roopika,

Even I was not sure about the answer but then I just went through the last para again.

Have a look at the Second line in 3rd para "Incorrectly relocating a male orangutan is especially problematic, often ending in the animal’s death at the hands of a rival who sees not only his territory but also the females of his loosely knit community under threat from an outsider."

This explains the answer to third question.

Hope it helps...!!!
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Re: Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2014, 19:14
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Re: Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2015, 00:21
1
SaudKhan wrote:

Hi

Which of the following can be inferred about differences between the behavior of orangutans and that of other ape species?
A) While orangutans spend much of their time in the treetops, other apes live exclusively on the ground.> Extreme point
B) Orangutans and other types of apes are all sociable species, but orangutans are more likely to bond for life. >> This can not be inferred from the passage as no such comparison is dr
C) Apes such as chimpanzees rely less upon their size than the average orangutan does. > no such comparison made regarding sizes
D) Orangutans spend less time in the company of other members of their species than do some other apes. >>

Read these last lines para 2 " Consequently, orangutans are [b]solitary, territorial animals " Suggesting they live alone or basically spend less time with others (inferable)[/b]

E) Because of their stringent territoriality, orangutans are less likely to elude capture by poachers than are other apes. No as the point of stating this line is omething else
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Re: Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2015, 00:27
roopika2990 wrote:
Can anyone explain q3?? ... I don't find any of the answers correct.

Hi

The passage indicates that it is difficult to return orangutans to the wild for which of the following reasons?
I. The threat posed by newcomers to other orangutans' territory. >> Stated in the last para that others may attack orangutans reallocated as the other primates may think that the new comer may be a sort of danger for the females in the group.
II. The conflict between males over available females >> Same reason as stated above dr is a conflict over females
III. The scarcity of available food in the orangutan’s environment >> No where discussed in the passage (out of scope )
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Re: Anthropologists who study orangutans, distant cousins of the human   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2015, 00:27
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