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Anyone concerned about the strength of our nation’s defenses

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Joined: 04 Oct 2014
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GMAT 1: 650 Q44 V35
Anyone concerned about the strength of our nation’s defenses  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2014, 11:37
4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (01:55) correct 38% (02:04) wrong based on 217 sessions

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Anyone concerned about the strength of our nation’s defenses should look at the records of our state’s two candidates for the U.S. Senate. Ed Harmon voted against funding for the Z-19 bomber, rejected the President’s defense spending plan last year, and voted to close three U.S. Army bases in our state. Tom Caldwell voted in opposition to Ed Harmon on all three of these issues, and is thus the stronger candidate on defense.

All of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion above, EXCEPT:

A. Ed Harmon voted for a different defense spending plan that called for a higher rate of spending on defense.
B. The Army bases Ed Harmon voted to close were considered unnecessary by top Army officials.
C. Ed Harmon has experience in dealing with national defense issues and is a proponent of assuring the U.S. maintains a strong defense even in peacetime.
D. Ed Harmon is a twice-decorated U.S. Navy veteran who fought for the United States in two wars.
E. The Z-19 bomber has been superseded by a cheaper and more efficient aircraft.


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Re: Anyone concerned about the strength of our nation’s defenses  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2016, 03:51
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Let us simplify the argument -

Premise 1: Ed harmon did these things -
a) voted against funding for Z-19 bomber
b) rejected President's defense spending plan
c) voted to close 3 army bases

Premise 2: Tom Caldwell opposed Ed harmon on all three issues.

Conclusion: Tom is the stronger candidate on defense.

This is an EXCEPT question. That is all four incorrect answer options must weaken the conclusion. The correct answer might strengthen/have no effect on the conclusion.

A - this addresses issue (b) in the premise. If Ed voted for a stronger plan, then by opposing Ed Tom voted for a weaker plan. Hence, the conclusion that Tom is the stronger candidate would fall apart.

B - this addresses issue (c). If such bases were unnecessary, Ed's decision did not necessarily weaken the country's defense capabilities.

C - weakens the argument. If he has extensive experience, then probably his voting decisions were for the betterment of defense capabilities (like answer option A). He probably thought that these deals were not good for the country and suggested better ones.

D - does not strengthen or weaken the argument. Does not address what his positions on defense are. hence, is the correct answer.

E - weakens the argument. It explains why Ed voted against the Z-19 plan.
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Re: Anyone concerned about the strength of our nation’s defenses  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2018, 09:10
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Anyone concerned about the strength of our nation’s defenses &nbs [#permalink] 12 Sep 2018, 09:10
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