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Columnist: Until very recently, Presorbin and Veltrex, two medications

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Columnist: Until very recently, Presorbin and Veltrex, two medications  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2019, 18:10
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

38% (02:32) correct 62% (02:16) wrong based on 61 sessions

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Columnist: Until very recently, Presorbin and Veltrex, two medications used to block excess stomach acid, were both available only with a prescription written by a doctor. In an advertisement for Presorbin, its makers argue that Presorbin is superior on the grounds that doctors have written 200 million prescriptions for Presorbin, as compared to 100 million for Veltrex. It can be argued that the number of prescriptions written is never a worthwhile criterion for comparing the merits of medicines, but that the advertisement’s argument is absurd is quite adequately revealed by observing that Presorbin was available as a prescription medicine years before Veltrex was.

In the columnist’s argument, the two highlighted portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first is a claim that the columnist’s argument seeks to clarify; the second states a conclusion drawn about one possible interpretation of that claim.
B. The first identifies the conclusion of an argument that the columnist’s argument is directed against; the second states the main conclusion of the columnist’s argument.
C. The first states the main conclusion of the columnist’s argument; the second states a conclusion that the columnist draws in defending that conclusion against an objection.
D. The first identifies an assumption made in an argument that the columnist's argument is directed against; the second states the main conclusion of the columnist’s argument.
E. The first is a claim that has been offered as evidence to support a position that the columnist opposes; the second states the main conclusion of the columnist’s argument.

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Re: Columnist: Until very recently, Presorbin and Veltrex, two medications  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2019, 00:37
GMATNinjaTwo, gmat1393, GMATNinja, @nightblade354- Hi experts, could you please clarify how to eliminate E?
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Re: Columnist: Until very recently, Presorbin and Veltrex, two medications  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2019, 01:19
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E says that the first bold part is a claim: a claim is an assertion which must be backed up by clear pieces of evidence.

For instance: The summer is a season. This is a conclusion and all we do know that it is. Nothing to add.

The summer is the best season. This statement is a claim NOT a conclusion. You have to show why is the best season. For others is winter, for instance.

In this case, the first bold is a conclusion according to its makers. Per se, it is not a piece of evidence which is given suddenly after. Per se, it is a conclusion.

Hope now is more clear to you.

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Re: Columnist: Until very recently, Presorbin and Veltrex, two medications   [#permalink] 07 Feb 2019, 01:19
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Columnist: Until very recently, Presorbin and Veltrex, two medications

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