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Commissioner: Budget forecasters project a revenue shortfall

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Commissioner: Budget forecasters project a revenue shortfall  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2008, 02:09
2
7
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (01:17) correct 44% (01:19) wrong based on 881 sessions

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Commissioner: Budget forecasters project a revenue shortfall of a billion dollars in the coming fiscal year. Since there is no feasible way to increase the available funds, our only choice is to decrease expenditures. The plan before you outlines feasible cuts that would yield savings of a billion dollars over the coming fiscal year. We will be able to solve the problem we face, therefore, only if we adopt this plan.

This reasoning in the commissioner's argument is flawed because this argument

(A) relies on information that is far from certain
(B) confuses being an adequate solution with being a required solution
(C) inappropriately relies on the opinions of experts
(D) inappropriately employs language that is vague
(E) takes for granted that there is no way to increase available funds

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Re: Commissioner: Budget forecasters project a revenue shortfall  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2013, 11:40
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I have to say this question's structure is really good and is NOT easy as some one says. I see many debates between B and E. I'm not a pro-CR analyst, but I picked the correct answer B by applying exactly CR-bible chapter 10 - Method of Reasoning question.

A. Analysis:


1. Type of question: Method of Reasoning - Flaw in the reasoning question.

2. What a correct answer looks like: "To identify the right answer choice, carefully consider the reasoning used in the stimulus. The correct answer will identify the error in the author's reasoning and then describe that error in general terms. Beware of answers that describe a portion of the stimulus but fail to identify the error in the reasoning" - Power Score CR Bible, page 214.

3. Incorrect answers:
- "New" element answers.
- Haft right, haft wrong answers.
- Exaggerated answers.
- Opposite answers.
- Answers that only describe a portion of stimulus, but not show a reasoning.

B. Apply:


Structure: Revenue shortfall; no way to increase funds; --> have to cut expenditures. --> can solve the problem - revenue shortfall.

Flaw: cut expenditure does not mean the company can solve the real problem - revenue shortfall. The key problem needed to be solved here is how to prevent revenue shortfall, not how to prevent the profit decline.

Pick answer:
A, C and D are out right away because they are out of scope.
E is also wrong, it only repeats a portion of stimulus, but it doesn't show a flaw. (favorite trap of GMAC)
B is correct, it states that the argument confuses between an adequate solution (cut expenditure) and a required solution (Prevent revenue shortfall).

Hope it's clear now.

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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2008, 06:02
B for me. Will explain if this is the OA.
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2008, 11:04
E is the only one that makes sense to me. They are ruling out all factors that there can be anyway to increase funds. I have no idea though.
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2008, 19:32
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I say B.
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2008, 22:10
jingy77 wrote:
E is the only one that makes sense to me. They are ruling out all factors that there can be anyway to increase funds. I have no idea though.


Agree with you, E

Because the argument "E) takes for granted that there is no way to increase available funds", "This reasoning in the commissioner's argument is flawed". We do not must find the flaw of the argument.
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2008, 22:30
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hahah showdown time B vs E ... cmon prasanna we need the OA.
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2008, 08:36
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im joining th B gang

The problem or flaw with the argument is that he is saying

We will be able to solve the problem we face, therefore, only if we adopt this plan.

So he is ruling out every other option. Why though? What in the argument states that another plan couldn't work either? Why is his plan the only one to solve the problem?
What if there were other ways to reduce expenditures in another plan?

Therefore in B, he is confusing what could be an adequate solution to a required solution (ONLY is key here)
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2008, 09:33
OA is B - found on another thread.
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2009, 05:30
1
terp26 wrote:
im joining th B gang

The problem or flaw with the argument is that he is saying

We will be able to solve the problem we face, therefore, only if we adopt this plan.

So he is ruling out every other option. Why though? What in the argument states that another plan couldn't work either? Why is his plan the only one to solve the problem?
What if there were other ways to reduce expenditures in another plan?

Therefore in B, he is confusing what could be an adequate solution to a required solution (ONLY is key here)



Sound reasoning. I used the same.
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2010, 06:50
prasannar wrote:
Commissioner: Budget forecasters project a revenue shortfall of a billion dollars in the coming fiscal year. Since there is no feasible way to increase the available funds, our only choice is to decrease expenditures. The plan before you outlines feasible cuts that would yield savings of a billion dollars over the coming fiscal year. We will be able to solve the problem we face, therefore, only if we adopt this plan.
This reasoning in the commissioner's argument is flawed because this argument
(A) relies on information that is far from certain
(B) confuses being an adequate solution with being a required solution
(C) inappropriately relies on the opinions of experts
(D) inappropriately employs language that is vague
(E) takes for granted that there is no way to increase available funds
Spoiler: :: OA
B

Confusing. I would still go with E.
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2010, 08:38
1
Is this really how this passage is written in the OG? Terrible! I had to read it multiple times to figure out what was being said and who was being addressed. I can't think rule of a grammar rule that allows you to place the speaker in front of a passage with a colon and then followup it up with a string of dialogue that does not have quotations or indicators of who the speaker is addressing; except maybe in a script.

that aside, I picked B
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2010, 12:29
prasannar wrote:
Commissioner: Budget forecasters project a revenue shortfall of a billion dollars in the coming fiscal year. Since there is no feasible way to increase the available funds, our only choice is to decrease expenditures. The plan before you outlines feasible cuts that would yield savings of a billion dollars over the coming fiscal year. We will be able to solve the problem we face, therefore, only if we adopt this plan.

This reasoning in the commissioner's argument is flawed because this argument

(A) relies on information that is far from certain
(B) confuses being an adequate solution with being a required solution
(C) inappropriately relies on the opinions of experts
(D) inappropriately employs language that is vague
(E) takes for granted that there is no way to increase available funds

Spoiler: :: OA
B



I will go with B

it is the only option which talks about the solution .........whether adequate or required
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2010, 08:36
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E is something which is explicitly stated in the passage - the commissioner says there is no way to increase available funds. The question asks us to find a flaw in this reasoning. If we choose E - we are simply restating the commissoner's argument. B points the flaw by highlighting where the problem is.
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2010, 10:30
It is clearly stated that "Since there is no feasible way to increase the available funds".....So that eliminates E from the choice!
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2010, 22:21
big debate between B and E

E takes for granted that there is no way to increase available funds, which acording to me cannot be a flaw because there may be or may not be another way to increase available funds.
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2010, 19:56
B.suffecient vs necessary condition
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2010, 10:03
I will go with B

Forecasters forecasting is possibility ---> need adequate solution if problem comes but he is giivng required solution when problem actually exists .
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2010, 04:43
B is the answer.
Solution should provide the way out in which, decrease in expenditure should outstrip the revenue shortfall .
But in his solution there is nothing which can convince us for that.Hence answer is B
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Re: CR 30: Commisioner  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2011, 05:36
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jingy77 wrote:
E is the only one that makes sense to me. They are ruling out all factors that there can be anyway to increase funds. I have no idea though.


E attacks one of the premises that the argument is based on.

However, the question asks you to point out a flaw in the REASONING within the argument. In questions where you're asked to evaluate the reasoning of an argument, the validity of the premise is not relevant.
Re: CR 30: Commisioner &nbs [#permalink] 30 Mar 2011, 05:36

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