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Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated a

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Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated a  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2019, 10:56
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Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated against women in its hiring and promotion practices are demonstrably untrue. In fact, statistics show that greater than sixty percent of our corporation’s employees are women.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most relevant in evaluating the argument above?

A. What is the average tenure, or length of employment, among the company’s women employees?

B. What percentage of the company’s employees in higher-level management positions are women?

C. What percentage of employees in competing companies are women?

D. How has the percentage of women employees at the company changed over time?

E. Is the chief executive officer of the company a man or a woman?

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Re: Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated a  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2019, 12:18
Bunuel wrote:
Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated against women in its hiring and promotion practices are demonstrably untrue. In fact, statistics show that greater than sixty percent of our corporation’s employees are women.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most relevant in evaluating the argument above?

A. What is the average tenure, or length of employment, among the company’s women employees?

B. What percentage of the company’s employees in higher-level management positions are women?

C. What percentage of employees in competing companies are women?

D. How has the percentage of women employees at the company changed over time?

E. Is the chief executive officer of the company a man or a woman?


IMO D. Everything else is relevant too. But the question is of hiring and promotion not anything else. I will provide my approach if the answer is right :)
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Re: Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated a  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2019, 12:43
IMO B :

Its asking about promotion practice. It may be that they have 60% of women but what if they are not given promotion and women are only working since years in junior level. so it will be discrimination.
Answer to B will reflect if there has not been discrimination in promotion given to Women compared with Men.
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Re: Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated a  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2019, 10:56
I strongly feel that D is as relevant as B because the stem statements talks about “hiring and promotion practices”.

D talk about the % of women over time.
If there is an increase /decrease in the amount of women of time, this may shed a lot of light in how hiring practices of changes over time.

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Re: Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated a  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2019, 13:36
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TheMBmonster wrote:
I strongly feel that D is as relevant as B because the stem statements talks about “hiring and promotion practices”.

D talk about the % of women over time.
If there is an increase /decrease in the amount of women of time, this may shed a lot of light in how hiring practices of changes over time.

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Your reasoning is correct. D is a runner up answer. But just see what the last line of question stem says, Spokesperson itself is saying that over 60% employed are women, It means he is already giving clarification to the argument raised, what he is not giving is explanation for the promotion.
There are 2 points spokesperson need to tell. One is hiring which is already told by him, 2nd reasoning we need to find, Of promotion .

Hope i am able to clear your doubt.


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Re: Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated a  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2019, 08:31
TheMBmonster wrote:
I strongly feel that D is as relevant as B because the stem statements talks about “hiring and promotion practices”.

D talk about the % of women over time.
If there is an increase /decrease in the amount of women of time, this may shed a lot of light in how hiring practices of changes over time.

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I dont think percentage will help to evaluate, because we dont know the number of total and women employee hired on the last years. The percentage dosent has to change even if the number of women had changed with respect to increase in the total number of employees. Hence we cant count on D.

while B dosent consider the percentage change like D and it refers to the percentage of women to get the promotion to high level.

So it looks like B sounds better.
Please correct me if there are any flaws i have missed in B. :thumbup:

Thanks.
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Re: Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2020, 09:48
Official Explanation

What makes this question difficult is that some of the incorrect answer choices are somewhat relevant to the argument, but their relevance is neither as clear nor as direct as choice (B).

Let’s start with the correct answer. Although a large percentage of the company’s employees are women, it is entirely possible that these women generally occupy low-level positions while male employees generally hold higher-level jobs. One possible explanation for such a discrepancy would be that, when deciding whom to promote, the company discriminates against women. Hence, the answer to the question in choice (B) is highly relevant to evaluating the spokesperson’s denial that the company engages in this type of discrimination.

The issue raised in choice (A) would be relevant to whether the company’s employee-termination practices are discriminatory, especially if the average tenure for women turned out to be significantly briefer than for men. However, the issue of tenure is not directly relevant to the company’s hiring or promotion practices.

Nor is the issue raised in choice (C) directly relevant to the argument. For example, assume that the percentage of the company’s employees that are women is typical among firms in its industry. So what? Perhaps all of the firms discriminate against women or perhaps none does.

As for choice (D), the company’s practices in the past are not directly relevant to its current practices.

Choice (E) focuses on only one high-level employee, hardly a sufficient statistical sampling to prove a pattern of discrimination. Also, even with a female CEO, a company could very well engage in hiring and promotion practices that are unfair to women.

The correct answer is (B).


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Re: Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated a  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2020, 06:34
Hi SajjadAhmad
Can you give more detail about option D. For me it seems that if company hired women in bunch in past few days/Months after issue surfaced, then its important to see the overall trend of women employees number.

In option B though, even if true and out of remaining 40% employee are men and are at higher positions, it only covers one point of allegation about promotion and not total employee ratio.

In D infact with the past trends we can know holistic picture.

Thanks for all the help

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Re: Company Spokesperson: Charges that our corporation has discriminated a   [#permalink] 24 Jan 2020, 06:34
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