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Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led

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Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2013, 08:14
1
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

87% (01:04) correct 13% (01:48) wrong based on 209 sessions

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I will be interested to see the discussion for two contenders and the reason why one is better than the other.

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Re: Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2013, 10:20
2
Hi Marcab. Let my try this one.

ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Fact: There is an over-population in country XYZ
Fact: Government funded birth-control initiatives that ineffective in curbing population growth.
Conclusion: The traditionally high value placed on male children made the initiatives fail.

Logically, we need a “supporter assumption” that links “population growth” to “high value male children culture”. The assumption should explain why The traditionally high value placed on male children led to the increase of population.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

A: The population of country XYZ believes that birth control increases the probability of conceiving females.
Wrong. A shifts the scope. The main reason led to over-population is “The traditionally high value placed on male children”. A, however, states that the main reason of the over-population is the effect of the birth-control. Clearly, A uses another reason and does not link “population growth” to “high value male children culture”.

B: Since every parents wishes to produce a male child, they will avoid birth control until they conceive a male.
Correct. B is a supporter assumption. B links “population growth” to “high value male children culture”.

C: Birth-control initiatives are typically only successful in female dominated cultures.
Wrong. TEMPTING. “only successful in female dominated cultures” ==> ONLY those cultures may have the high value male children. But do NOT assume that also be true with country XYZ. If you think C is the assumption, automatically, you assume country XYZ is a female dominated culture, but the stimulus does not say anything like that.

D: Cultures that place high values on male children do not respond well to government funded initiatives.
Wrong. Infer too far. We just talk about “Government funded birth-control initiatives”, not “government funded initiatives” in general. Hence, D is wrong.

E: The citizens of country XYZ are not concerned with the possibility of over-population.
Wrong. Infer too far. They are not concerned with over-population does NOT mean they prefer male children to female ones. E is wrong.

I hope it's clear.

Best!
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Re: Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2013, 11:22
Quote:
D: Cultures that place high values on male children do not respond well to government funded initiatives.
Wrong. Infer too far. We just talk about “Government funded birth-control initiatives”, not “government funded initiatives” in general. Hence, D is wrong.


Confused over the explanation of this one.
I agree that in the stimulus we talk about Government funded birth-control initiatives but don't you think that "govt funded birth control initiatives" is a sub-category of "govt funded initiatives" and if anything is implemented on bigger set, it automatically gets implemented on the smaller set.
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Re: Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2013, 12:10
1
Marcab wrote:
Quote:
D: Cultures that place high values on male children do not respond well to government funded initiatives.
Wrong. Infer too far. We just talk about “Government funded birth-control initiatives”, not “government funded initiatives” in general. Hence, D is wrong.


Confused over the explanation of this one.
I agree that in the stimulus we talk about Government funded birth-control initiatives but don't you think that "govt funded birth control initiatives" is a sub-category of "govt funded initiatives" and if anything is implemented on bigger set, it automatically gets implemented on the smaller set.


Hi Marcab
Yes, your thought about sub-set is absolutely correct. However, my explanation of D covers more than just the sub-set logic.

Please let me use a "similar" example to explain.

For example: People who like drink beer do not respond well to soft-drink
==> "They do not respond well to soft-drink" is not because they love beer. They don't like soft-drink because soft-drink has more sugar than beer does. Thus, we can't infer that people who love beer do not respond well to soft-drink because they love beer. It is a common fallacy, namely, circular reasoning.

The form of circular reasoning is:
A likes B
A does not like C because A like B.

Back to our question,
D: Cultures that place high values on male children do not respond well to government funded initiatives.
They do not respond well to funded initiatives because govt funded initiatives usually have very strict criteria such as limit income level, complicated procedures. Thus, many families hesitate to apply for govt funded initiatives. Thus, we can't assume that people like male children do not respond well to govt funded initiatives because they like male children.

Best!
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Re: Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2013, 22:56
pqhai wrote:
Hi Marcab. Let my try this one.

ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Fact: There is an over-population in country XYZ
Fact: Government funded birth-control initiatives that ineffective in curbing population growth.
Conclusion: The traditionally high value placed on male children made the initiatives fail.

Logically, we need a “supporter assumption” that links “population growth” to “high value male children culture”. The assumption should explain why The traditionally high value placed on male children led to the increase of population.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

A: The population of country XYZ believes that birth control increases the probability of conceiving females.
Wrong. A shifts the scope. The main reason led to over-population is “The traditionally high value placed on male children”. A, however, states that the main reason of the over-population is the effect of the birth-control. Clearly, A uses another reason and does not link “population growth” to “high value male children culture”.

B: Since every parents wishes to produce a male child, they will avoid birth control until they conceive a male.
Correct. B is a supporter assumption. B links “population growth” to “high value male children culture”.

C: Birth-control initiatives are typically only successful in female dominated cultures.
Wrong. TEMPTING. “only successful in female dominated cultures” ==> ONLY those cultures may have the high value male children. But do NOT assume that also be true with country XYZ. If you think C is the assumption, automatically, you assume country XYZ is a female dominated culture, but the stimulus does not say anything like that.

D: Cultures that place high values on male children do not respond well to government funded initiatives.
Wrong. Infer too far. We just talk about “Government funded birth-control initiatives”, not “government funded initiatives” in general. Hence, D is wrong.

E: The citizens of country XYZ are not concerned with the possibility of over-population.
Wrong. Infer too far. They are not concerned with over-population does NOT mean they prefer male children to female ones. E is wrong.

I hope it's clear.

Best!


Hi pqhai,

For option B, if the first child of a parent was a male, then the population could have been control.

How B is an assumption in that case?

Thanks,
Jai
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Re: Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2013, 06:27
Argument says use bf birth control did not work. government wants people to use it when they have enough childern as per their desire and not to have undesired ones. So when people have enough children, their should be no fear of using it about anything. So A is not correct.
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Re: Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2013, 13:27
jaituteja wrote:

Hi pqhai,

For option B, if the first child of a parent was a male, then the population could have been control.

How B is an assumption in that case?

Thanks,
Jai


Hi Jai

"If the first child of some parents was a male" DIFFERS from "If the first child of ALL parents was a male"
As you said, if the first child of ALL parents (I assume) was a male, then the population could have been control for sure.

We are only discussing normal parents with the possibilities of conceiving boy and girl are equal (50%).

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2013, 15:42
1
Its circular reasoning:
A likes B
A does not like C because A like B.

Hence,
D: Cultures that place high values on male children do not respond well to government funded initiatives.
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Re: Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2013, 06:37
pqhai wrote:
Marcab wrote:
Quote:
D: Cultures that place high values on male children do not respond well to government funded initiatives.
Wrong. Infer too far. We just talk about “Government funded birth-control initiatives”, not “government funded initiatives” in general. Hence, D is wrong.


Confused over the explanation of this one.
I agree that in the stimulus we talk about Government funded birth-control initiatives but don't you think that "govt funded birth control initiatives" is a sub-category of "govt funded initiatives" and if anything is implemented on bigger set, it automatically gets implemented on the smaller set.


Hi Marcab
Yes, your thought about sub-set is absolutely correct. However, my explanation of D covers more than just the sub-set logic.

Please let me use a "similar" example to explain.

For example: People who like drink beer do not respond well to soft-drink
==> "They do not respond well to soft-drink" is not because they love beer. They don't like soft-drink because soft-drink has more sugar than beer does. Thus, we can't infer that people who love beer do not respond well to soft-drink because they love beer. It is a common fallacy, namely, circular reasoning.

The form of circular reasoning is:
A likes B
A does not like C because A like B.

Back to our question,
D: Cultures that place high values on male children do not respond well to government funded initiatives.
They do not respond well to funded initiatives because govt funded initiatives usually have very strict criteria such as limit income level, complicated procedures. Thus, many families hesitate to apply for govt funded initiatives. Thus, we can't assume that people like male children do not respond well to govt funded initiatives because they like male children.

Best!


This explanation is just wow. +1 to you.
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Re: Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2019, 06:04
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Re: Concerns of over-population in country XYZ led &nbs [#permalink] 07 Jan 2019, 06:04
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