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# Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys

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Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 22 May 2016
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Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2019, 09:26
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45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:19) correct 39% (01:31) wrong based on 389 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 105 Sentence Correction (SC2)

Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys, capuchins cleverly create an insecticide and crush millipedes, rubbing the remains of the bugs over its back.

A) capuchins cleverly create an insecticide and crush millipedes, rubbing the remains

B) capuchins cleverly create an insecticide, they crush millipedes, and with such rub the remains

C) capuchins use their cleverness to create an insecticide, crush millipedes, and rub the remains

D) the capuchin cleverly creates an insecticide, crushes millipedes, and it rubs the remains

E) the capuchin cleverly creates an insecticide, crushing millipedes and rubbing the remains

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Re: Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2019, 09:46
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 105 Sentence Correction (SC2)

Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys, capuchins cleverly create an insecticide and crush millipedes, rubbing the remains of the bugs over its back.

A) capuchins cleverly create an insecticide and crush millipedes, rubbing the remains"its" in non-underlined part indicates singular subject therefore "create" should be "creates" and "crush" should be "crushes" subject verb mismatch error

B) capuchins cleverly create an insecticide, they crush millipedes, and with such rub the remains"create" should be "creates". "they" should be "it". ehhh this option is a mess

C) capuchins use their cleverness to create an insecticide, crush millipedes, and rub the remainssubject verb error - use should be uses

D) the capuchin cleverly creates an insecticide, crushes millipedes, and it rubs the remainsthere two verbs for the subject capuchin "creates" and "crushes", they should be connected with some coordinating conjunction. Sentence structure error

E) the capuchin cleverly creates an insecticide, crushing millipedes and rubbing the remains This one is correct. crushing and rubbing... is a modifier of the main sentence
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Re: Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2019, 22:49
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Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys, capuchins cleverly create an insecticide and crush millipedes, rubbing the remains of the bugs over its back.

A) capuchins cleverly create an insecticide and crush millipedes, rubbing the remains
Wrong. Capuchins is modified by the first part of the sentence but the list in the second part of the sentence is not parallel

B) capuchins cleverly create an insecticide, they crush millipedes, and with such rub the remains
Here the first part is insert in the parallelism. Wrong

C) capuchins use their cleverness to create an insecticide, crush millipedes, and rub the remains
Right. Capuchins is modified by the first part and it clearly states that they use their intelligente to do some things, and these things are listed in a parallale way

D) the capuchin cleverly creates an insecticide, crushes millipedes, and it rubs the remains
Parallelism doesn't work. It states that "it" crushes the remain, but it is used for object, not for animals

E) the capuchin cleverly creates an insecticide, crushing millipedes and rubbing the remains
Still not parallel

C is the right one
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Re: Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys  [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2019, 04:12
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Option A, B and C out because in non-underlined portion we have it, which calls for singular form of 'capuchins'.
Option D out because of parallelism and meaning as well.

Regards.,
Tamal

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Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys  [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2019, 13:28

Project SC Butler: Day 105 Sentence Correction (SC2)

Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys, capuchins cleverly create an insecticide and crush millipedes, rubbing the remains of the bugs over its back.

A) capuchins cleverly create an insecticide and crush millipedes, rubbing the remains [LOGIC]

B) capuchins cleverly create an insecticide, they crush millipedes, and with such rub the remains [comma splice = run on sentence]

C) capuchins use their cleverness to create an insecticide, crush millipedes, and rub the remains

D) the capuchin cleverly creates an insecticide , crushes millipedes, and it rubs the remains [LOGIC]

E) the capuchin cleverly creates an insecticide, crushing millipedes and rubbing the remains

EXPLANATION

• takeaway: read the non-underlined portion. In this case, its tells us that "capuchin" is singular.

• pronoun ambiguity? No. The guideline is that there can be only one logical antecedent for a pronoun. There is only one logical antecedent. See analysis beneath (A).

• Split # 1: Capuchins (plural) vs. capuchin (singular)

When we see a split such as capuchins and the capuchin, a split that is fairly common
on the GMAT, we need to find the clue in the non-underlined portion of the sentence.

Almost always in these species / animal questions, GMAC will tell us whether the noun in question is plural or singular. (I cannot recall any exception.)

This question tells us that the noun is singular, that "the capuchin" is correct.
The word ITS in the non-underlined portion of the sentence is a singular pronoun (possessive).
The pronoun is logical.
This animal needs an insecticide, which prevents bugs from biting.

Singular ITS?
Well, its cannot refer to bugs, millipedes, or remains. Those three words are plural.
Logically, its cannot refer to insecticide.
-- Insecticide is not an animal with a back.
ITS needs a singular antecedent.
ITS has one logical antecedent: the capuchin

Answers A, B, and C use the plural word capuchins, which does not agree with the singular pronoun ITS

Eliminate A, B, and C

Option A is also illogical. Sequence is off. The error is similar to that in Option D, analyzed below.

• Split #2: Parallelism

Option (D) introduces the word IT
The capuchin ... creates an insecticide, crushes millipedes, and IT rubs ...

The capuchin does three things in a list X, Y, and Z.
X, Y, and Z must be parallel. Using IT before the Z element ("it rubs") ruins the parallelism.
The word IT also can create confusion: Why do the first two verbs clearly belong with the subject capuchin whereas this third verb is attached to an IT?

The lack of parallelism is enough to eliminate D.

The logic of D is off, too. (Option A, already eliminated, has the same error.)
Creates, crushes, and rubs are not all at the same logical "level." The sequence is off.
That is, the capuchin creates an insecticide [BY crushING millipedes] and rubs the remains (the insecticide) over its own back.

Eliminate D.

I have noted other errors in the options in red typeface,
errors that if not explained here have an explanation in brackets.

Biggest takeaway: Almost invariably, GMAC will tell us whether a noun used in this kind of question is singular or plural. Remember to look for the clue in non-underlined portions of the sentence.

The answer split in this question is pretty straightforward.
If you catch ITS in the final portion of the sentence, life is a lot easier.

I laughed at this comment about B from PeepalTree : ehhh this option is a mess
True.

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Re: Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys  [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2019, 23:41
Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys, capuchins cleverly create an insecticide and crush millipedes, rubbing the remains of the bugs over its back.

A) capuchins cleverly create an insecticide and crush millipedes, rubbing the remains --> "its" singular, "capuchins" plural

B) capuchins cleverly create an insecticide, they crush millipedes, and with such rub the remains --> same as A

C) capuchins use their cleverness to create an insecticide, crush millipedes, and rub the remains--> same as A

D) the capuchin cleverly creates an insecticide, crushes millipedes, and it rubs the remains --> not parallel

E) the capuchin cleverly creates an insecticide, crushing millipedes and rubbing the remains --> correct
Re: Considered one of the most intelligent of the New World monkeys   [#permalink] 22 Feb 2019, 23:41
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