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# CR two party political system

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Director
Joined: 10 Oct 2005
Posts: 526
Location: US
CR two party political system [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2005, 20:13
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In a political system with only two major parties, the entrance of a third-party candidate into an election race damages the chances of only one of the two major candidates. The third-party candidate always attracts some of the voters who might otherwise have voted for one of the two major candidates, but not voters who support the other candidate. Since a third-party candidacy affects the two major candidates unequally, for reasons neither of them has any control over, the practice is unfair and should not be allowed.
If the factual information in the passage above is true, which of the following can be most reliably inferred from it?
(A) If the political platform of the third party is a compromise position between that of the two major parties, the third party will draw its voters equally from the two major parties.
(B) If, before the emergence of a third party, voters were divided equally between the two major parties, neither of the major parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote.
(C) A third-party candidate will not capture the votes of new voters who have never voted for candidates of either of the two major parties.
(D) The political stance of a third party will be more radical than that of either of the two major parties.
(E) The founders of a third party are likely to be a coalition consisting of former leaders of the two major parties.
Director
Joined: 14 Sep 2005
Posts: 985
Location: South Korea

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24 Oct 2005, 20:43
This is very strange, but I pick (B)

(B) If, before the emergence of a third party, voters were divided equally between the two major parties, neither of the major parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote.

The author is saying that the new third party will attract voters from only one of the two parties.

Suppose this:

(before the third party emerges)
- Party X: 50 votes
- Party Y: 50 votes

(after the third party emerges)
- Party X: 50 votes
- Party Y: 25 votes
- Party Z: 25 votes

None of them can achieve more than one half of the vote.
_________________

Auge um Auge, Zahn um Zahn !

Director
Joined: 10 Oct 2005
Posts: 526
Location: US

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24 Oct 2005, 23:37
OA - B
Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5218

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25 Oct 2005, 00:03
B makes logical sense. How else could Bush have won the 2000 election without stealing votes that should have gone to Gore, but instead went to Nader (another Texan oil tycoon)??
Director
Joined: 15 Aug 2005
Posts: 796
Location: Singapore

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25 Oct 2005, 03:44
My pick is B!
Mahesh, give a bit more time for us to solve before giving the OA!! A couple of us are bit slow.....

Answer choices A B and C are worth considering.
A cannot be inferred as we are not sure whether voters like a compromise position and not sure whether the third party can draw voters equally from both parties.

C cannot be inferred as the passage does not say anything about the first time or new voters!

SO B it is.
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Cheers, Rahul.

25 Oct 2005, 03:44
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# CR two party political system

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