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Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form o

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Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form o  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Mar 2018, 09:31
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based on 139 sessions

70% (02:46) correct 30% (03:29) wrong

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Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form of the Greek language, and refers particularly to the form of the language that evolved naturally from ancient Greek, in opposition to the artificially archaic Katharevousa, which was the official standard until 1976. The two complemented each other in a typical example of diglossia, or the existence of two forms of a language (usually a “high” and a “low”) employed by the same speaker depending on the social context, until the resolution of the Greek language question in favor of Demotic.

Demotic is often thought to be the same as the modern Greek language, but these two terms are not completely synonymous. While Demotic is a term applied to the naturally evolved colloquial language of the Greeks, the modern Greek language of today is more like a fusion of Demotic and Katharevousa; it can be viewed as a variety of Demotic which has been enriched by "educated" elements. Therefore, it is not wrong to call the spoken language of today Demotic, though such a terminology ignores the fact that modern Greek contains - especially in a written or official form - numerous words, grammatical forms and phonetical features that did not exist in colloquial speech and only entered the language through its archaic variety. Additionally, even the most archaic forms of Katharevousa were never thought of as ancient Greek, but were always called "modern Greek," so that the phrase "modern Greek" applies to Demotic, Standard Modern Greek and even Katharevousa.

1/ The passage implies that most examples of diglossia occur in instances in which

A a language has several unique grammatical models
B social context determines which one of two languages is used
C aspects of an archaic version of a language are intermingled with more modern elements
D a speaker can choose from one of two languages to best convey meaning
E both speakers must use a polite form of address


2/ According to the passage, describing Demotic Greek as modern Greek, while common, is not entirely accurate because

A modern Greek is also infused with elements of Katharevousa
B Demotic Greek also contains educated aspects not found in modern Greek
C modern Greek also shares certain grammatical forms with ancient Greek
D certain aspects of Demotic Greek are more common to Katharevousa than to modern Greek
E Demotic Greek has some colloquial forms found in ancient Greek


3/ The passage supports which of the following regarding Demotic Greek?

A It shares many common features with Katharevousa
B It can be traced back to ancient Greek
C It does not represent an example of diglossia
D It does not relate to the social context
E It is synonymous with modern Greek


Originally posted by aaba on 04 Mar 2018, 11:04.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 10 Mar 2018, 09:31, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form o  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2018, 07:03
3/ The passage supports which of the following regarding Demotic Greek?

A It shares many common features with Katharevousa
B It can be traced back to ancient Greek
C It does not represent an example of diglossia
D It does not relate to the social context
E It is synonymous with modern Greek

From passage we can be sure that Demotic Greek evolved from Ancient greek. But does it mean that Demotic greek can be traced back to ancient greek
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Re: Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form o  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 01:26
itisSheldon wrote:
3/ The passage supports which of the following regarding Demotic Greek?

A It shares many common features with Katharevousa
B It can be traced back to ancient Greek
C It does not represent an example of diglossia
D It does not relate to the social context
E It is synonymous with modern Greek

From passage we can be sure that Demotic Greek evolved from Ancient greek. But does it mean that Demotic greek can be traced back to ancient greek

For solving this one i used POE. All other choice are wrong.
traced back - to discover the origin of something or how it developed.
I think there are plenty of evidence in passage to conclude this. Such as we can surly say many ancient Greek words are there in Demotic . this is good enough to call B correct.
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Re: Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form o  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 01:29
took me 5.26 to solve. All three correct.

1st + reading = 3.29
2nd = 1.18
3rd = .39
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Re: Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form o  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 23:42
done in 5mins with all correct
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Re: Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form o  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 16:38

Official Explanation for Q3


Answer: (B)

Demotic Greek “refers to the form…evolved naturally from ancient Greek.” Therefore, we can conclude that it can be traced back to ancient Greek. Answer (B).

(A) is incorrect because Katharevousa refers to an artificial construction, whereas Demotic Greek refers to the colloquial form of the language. Nowhere does it say that the two overlap significantly. Together they form the modern Greek language.

(D) is wrong because the passage mentions that the use of Demotic Greek depends “on the social context.”

(E) is wrong because Modern Greek is a combination of Demotic Greek and Katharevousa, Demotic Greek and Modern Greek are not the same thing.
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Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

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Re: Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form o  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 16:40

Official Explanation for Q1



(B) is supported by “…typical example of diglossia…employed by the same speaker depending on social context.”

(A) is not supported by the passage, nor does it answer the question.

(B)The Answer.

(C) describes modern Greek, broadly speaking, but it does not directly answer the question.

(D) is tricky because it mentions two languages. But the phrase “to best convey meaning” is vague. Anyhow, the speaker’s choice is limited by the social context.

(E) is limited to one context and tries to trap you by mentioning two speakers
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Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

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Re: Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form o  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 16:41

Official Explanation for Q2



The passage says that “modern Greek is a…fusion of Demotic and Katharevousa.” This leads us to (A).

(A) The Answer

(B) is tricky because it reverses the order of Demotic Greek and modern Greek.

(C) is wrong because the passage never says that modern Greek shares grammatical forms with ancient Greek. It says that modern Greek shares grammatical features with the archaic Katharevousa, which “was never thought of as ancient Greek.”

(D) Nowhere does the passage mentions the great similarities between Katharevousa and Demotic Greek. The two are very different, though together they make up modern Greek.

(E) is tempting because Demotic Greek evolved naturally from ancient Greek. Indeed, Demotic Greek is the colloquial side of modern Greek. But from this fact alone we cannot infer that some colloquial forms of ancient Greek and Demotic Greek are similar.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

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Re: Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form o &nbs [#permalink] 06 Sep 2018, 16:41
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