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# Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not

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Director
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2013, 14:09
despite +noun
is idiomatic

despite +doing

is not idiomatic

is that correct?
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2013, 09:34
Despite its covering the entire planet. Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.
(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has
a crust that is not seamless or stationary,
rather it is
(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet,
Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it
stationary, but is
(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust
is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but
rather
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's
crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but
rather
(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

I understand that there is a dangling modifier in this sentence and hence D would be the most appropriate option. However, isn't "but rather" redundant?
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2013, 04:03
Dear rockthegmat007

Thank you for the explanation. Made the usage rather clear now
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 09:44

Hi TGC,

(1) “Despite” can be followed by a noun or verb-ing modifier. Take the following examples:
a. Despite bad weather. Jane came over for dinner.
b. Despite being the youngest in the group, Bob gave the best answers.

(2) It is NOT ALWAYS necessary for “Although” to be preceded by a clause in order to denote a contrast. For example:

a. Although simple, the outfit stands out in the crowd.

As we can see, “although” here is not followed by a clause. It is just followed by a word – small (an adjective = noun modifier). Now this noun modifier correctly modifies the Subject of the following main clause and hence, presents logical and unambiguous comparison.

So it is not necessary for “Although” to be always followed by a clause.

Now let’s come back to the official sentence and study the correct answer Choice D:

Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

When it comes to parallelism, we must be very careful in identifying the correct parallel list. We first need to identify the correct entities here.

This sentence is presenting a few characteristics of Earth’s crust. It:
a. is neither seamless nor stationary
b. but rather (is) fragmented into mobile semigrid plates.

In this answer choice all these entities are grammatically as well as logically parallel. The choice employs appropriate idioms to use these adjectives correctly to denote the correct comparison.

Note that “is” is not only applicable to “neither seamless not stationary” but also to “rather fragmented”. Here two verb phrases are parallel to each other.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 12:19
Hi e-gmat,

Hi understood your examples and logically they are correct. However, I have read many explanations of OG12/13 and it seems that GMAC is a strong advocate of the idea of a CLAUSE, not any modifier, following conjunction "Although" . And many times this is the sole ground on which GMAC rejects an option as INCORRECT.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 12:38

Hi TGC,

Well, yes. In most of the official sentences, we see "although" followed by a clause. But I do not quite agree that even if "although" is followed by correct phrase that clearly shows the contrast, GMAC will eliminate it as INCORRECT. There has to be usage error in order to reject it as incorrect.

We can analyze a sentence if you have any to instantiate your claim.

Thanks.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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07 May 2017, 23:47
Hi,I have a doubt in Choice D as comma +FANBOYS("BUT" in this case ) is used when you connect two ICs.But in choice D after "comma+ But" we have a Dependent clause. ?

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2017, 22:40
How can I know which idiom of despite is used properly in gmat?
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 05:24
chesstitans wrote:
How can I know which idiom of despite is used properly in gmat?

"Despite" can be used with a concrete noun or a present participle. A gerund is not a good fit for "despite".

"Despite covering the entire planet"... correct ( present participle).
"Despite ist covering the entire planet".. wrong ( gerund)

You will find standard usages of "despite" (and "in spite of") here:
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar ... nd-despite
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 08:44
sayantanc2k wrote:
chesstitans wrote:
How can I know which idiom of despite is used properly in gmat?

"Despite" can be used with a concrete noun or a present participle. A gerund is not a good fit for "despite".

"Despite covering the entire planet"... correct ( present participle).
"Despite ist covering the entire planet".. wrong ( gerund)

You will find standard usages of "despite" (and "in spite of") here:
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar ... nd-despite

Is usage of "but rather" not redundant?
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2018, 00:40
I do agree that D is the best choice. However, is it acceptable for the pronoun it to refer to a possessive noun ie Earth's crust?
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2018, 01:22
shahMeet wrote:
I do agree that D is the best choice. However, is it acceptable for the pronoun it to refer to a possessive noun ie Earth's crust?

Hey shahMeet ,

Yes, it is perfectly used in D. It is referring to "crust". And "Earth's" is telling whose crust. So, there isn't any issue with the usage in option D.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2018, 07:11
betterscore wrote:
Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is ("Its" should be "It's" and Earth's crust should come after comma)

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is (neither is followed by an adjective but nor is followed by a clause)

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather (same as B)

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but (Earth's crust should come after comma)

Hence (D)
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2018, 06:19
Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

====================================================================
A) - earth cant cover itself - illogical
B) - "the fact that" is redundant," neither_nor_ " is not parallel here
C) - missing verb in first clause , neither_nor_ " is not parallel here
D) - everything is absolutely perfect- CORRECT
E) - missing verb in first clause
======================================================================
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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30 May 2018, 05:15
Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is - > What is its referring to ? and its refers to Earths crust and not earth . Wrong usage .

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary(Not parallel with neither ), but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary(Not parallel with Neither), but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather - Correct usage . The earths crust is what covers the entire planet and not Earth . Neither and nor are parallel to each other .

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but - The earths crust is what covers the entire planet and not Earth
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2018, 20:31
ChrisLele wrote:
First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) .

I like your explanations. Short and sweet.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2018, 14:12
Hi, the first "it" does not have a clearly mentioned precedent, is the option still considered correct?

Although [u]it[/u] covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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21 May 2019, 02:17
Aastha2807

Quote:
Hi, the first "it" does not have a clearly mentioned precedent, is the option still considered correct?

Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

It = subject pronoun can refer to possessive noun = Earth's crust as mentioned here
generis AjiteshArun chetan2u VeritasKarishma Hope my understanding is correct
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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27 May 2019, 06:03
"nor+ a clause with inverted order" is used after a negative clause, or a clause with negative meaning
I do not learn French in a near future, nor dose my friends.
few persons learn French, nor dose my brother.

if you want to use neither..nor, we need a parallel pattern. this meaning the words following neither and nor must be the same
I learn neither French or Russian
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2019, 08:12
betterscore wrote:
Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

Earth: The Making, Shaping and Workings of a Planet Hardcover – October 1, 1992
by Derek Elsom (Author)

Although it covers the entire planet, the Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but is fragmented into mobile semi-rigid plates. The seven giant plates and many smaller ones jostle one another continuously as they are constantly

Attachment:
01.jpg

Attachment:
02.jpg

Attachment:
03.jpg

Let's do it folks

Round 1 NEITHER x NOR y

B,C Eliminated. Well they are not parallel, so why bother

Round 2 MEANING BASED REFERENCE
Look dude earth is a planet, so why would it cover the entire planet?
A, E are out

Yay!!!!! we got a winner in two rounds
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2019, 08:12

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